Afghanistan - Daten & Fakten

Daten & Fakten
Flagge: Afghanistan Afghanistan
Hauptstadt
name: Kabul geographic coordinates: 34 31 N, 69 11 E time difference: UTC+4.5 (9.5 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time) daylight saving time: does not observe daylight savings time etymology: named for the Kabul River, but the river's name is of unknown origin
Staatsbürgerschaft
citizenship by birth: no citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must have been born in - and continuously lived in - Afghanistan dual citizenship recognized: no residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years
Government type
presidential Islamic republic
Legal system
mixed legal system of civil, customary, and Islamic law
Suffrage
18 years of age; universal
Country Comparison :: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
17.6
Country Comparison :: GDP - per capita (PPP)
$2,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Labor force
8,478,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Unemployment rate
23.90
2017 est.
Labor force
8,478,000
Population below poverty line
54.5%(2017 est.)
Unemployment rate   (%)
23.9%(2017 est.)22.6%(2016 est.)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24   (%)
total:17.6%male:16.3%female:21.4%(2017)
Age structure
0-14 years:40.92%(male 7,263,716 /female 7,033,427)15-24 years:21.85%(male 3,883,693 /female 3,749,760)25-54 years:30.68%(male 5,456,305 /female 5,263,332)55-64 years:3.95%(male 679,766 /female 699,308)65 years and over:2.61%(male 420,445 /female 491,085)(2018 est.)
Birth rate   (births/1,000 population)
37.5 births/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Death rate   (deaths/1,000 population)
13.20
Languages
Afghan Persian or Dari (official) 77% (Dari functions as the lingua franca), Pashto (official) 48%, Uzbek 11%, English 6%, Turkmen 3%, Urdu 3%, Pashayi 1%, Nuristani 1%, Arabic 1%, Balochi 1% (2017 est.) note: data represent most widely spoken languages; shares sum to more than 100% because there is much bilingualism in the country and because respondents were allowed to select more than one language note: the Turkic languages Uzbek and Turkmen, as well as Balochi, Pashayi, Nuristani, and Pamiri are the third official languages in areas where the majority speaks them
Life expectancy at birth   (years)
52.10
Major urban areas - population
4.012 million KABUL (capital) (2018)
Median age   (years)
total:19 yearsmale:19 yearsfemale:19.1 years(2018 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
19.9 years (2015 est.)
Net migration rate
-0.6 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Population distribution
populations tend to cluster in the foothills and periphery of the rugged Hindu Kush range; smaller groups are found in many of the country's interior valleys; in general, the east is more densely settled, while the south is sparsely populated
Population growth rate   (%)
2.37%(2018 est.)
Total fertility rate   (children born/woman)
5.02 children born/woman(2018 est.)
Urbanization
rate of urbanization: 3.37% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Education expenditures   (% of GDP)
3.90
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
female: 8 years (2014)
Country Comparison :: Exports
$784,000,000
2017 est.
Exports
$784,000,000
Exports - partners
India 56.5%, Pakistan 29.6% (2017)
Area   (sq km)
total:652,230 sq kmland:652,230 sq kmwater:0 sq km
Land use
agricultural land:58.1%(2016 est.)arable land:11.8%(2016) / permanent crops:0.3%(2016) / permanent pasture:46%(2016)forest:2.07%(2016 est.)other:39%(2016)
Location
Southern Asia, north and west of Pakistan, east of Iran
Country Comparison :: Imports
$7,616,000,000
2017 est.
Imports
$7,616,000,000
Imports - partners
China 21%, Iran 20.5%, Pakistan 11.8%, Kazakhstan 11%, Uzbekistan 6.8%, Malaysia 5.3% (2017)
Country Comparison :: Inflation rate (consumer prices)
5.00
2017 est.
Inflation rate (consumer prices)   (%)
5.00
Country Comparison :: Electricity - production
1,211,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - consumption
5,526,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - exports
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - imports
4,400,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - production
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - exports
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - imports
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - production
164,200,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - exports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - imports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - fixed lines
118,769
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - mobile cellular
23,929,713
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Internet users
3,531,770
July 2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Broadband - fixed subscriptions
16,810
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Airports
43
2016
Country Comparison :: Roadways
34,903
2017
Country Comparison :: Waterways
1,200
2011
Airports
43
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total:16,810(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:less than 1(2017 est.)
Crude oil - exports   (bbl/day)
0
Crude oil - imports   (bbl/day)
0 bbl/day(2015 est.)
Crude oil - production   (bbl/day)
0 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Electricity - consumption   (kWh)
5,526,000,000
Electricity - exports   (kWh)
0
Electricity - imports   (kWh)
4,400,000,000
Electricity - production   (kWh)
1,211,000,000
Internet users
total: 3,531,770 (July 2016 est.)
Natural gas - exports   (cu m)
0
Natural gas - imports   (cu m)
0 cu m(2017 est.)
Natural gas - production   (cu m)
164.2 million cu m(2017 est.)
Roadways   (km)
34,903
Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions:118,769(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:less than 1(2017 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
23,929,713
Waterways   (km)
1,200
Disputes - international
Afghan, Coalition, and Pakistan military meet periodically to clarify the alignment of the boundary on the ground and on maps and since 2014 have met to discuss collaboration on the Taliban insurgency and counterterrorism efforts; Afghan and Iranian commissioners have discussed boundary monument densification and resurvey; Iran protests Afghanistan's restricting flow of dammed Helmand River tributaries during drought; Pakistan has sent troops across and built fences along some remote tribal areas of its treaty-defined Durand Line border with Afghanistan which serve as bases for foreign terrorists and other illegal activities; Russia remains concerned about the smuggling of poppy derivatives from Afghanistan through Central Asian countries
Country Comparison :: Public debt
7.00
2017 est.
Public debt   (% of GDP)
7.00
Country Comparison :: GDP - real growth rate
2.70
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Gross national saving
22.70
2017 est.
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)   (% (of GDP))
-15.1% (of GDP)(2017 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$69,450,000,000
Industrial production growth rate   (%)
-1.90

Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Afghanistan
80 620 000 EUR
65 350 000 EUR
-18.94 %
Bekleidung
Afghanistan
82 000 EUR
119 000 EUR
45.12 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Afghanistan
4 223 000 EUR
3 991 000 EUR
-5.49 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Afghanistan
17 865 000 EUR
6 316 000 EUR
-64.65 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Afghanistan
4 725 000 EUR
3 788 000 EUR
-19.83 %
Energieversorgung
Afghanistan
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Afghanistan
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erze
Afghanistan
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Afghanistan
64 000 EUR
128 000 EUR
100.00 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Afghanistan
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Afghanistan
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Getränke
Afghanistan
658 000 EUR
707 000 EUR
7.45 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Afghanistan
300 000 EUR
215 000 EUR
-28.33 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Afghanistan
2 127 000 EUR
2 780 000 EUR
30.70 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Afghanistan
0 EUR
10 000 EUR
0.00 %
Kohle
Afghanistan
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Afghanistan
317 000 EUR
284 000 EUR
-10.41 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Afghanistan
22 818 000 EUR
11 415 000 EUR
-49.97 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Afghanistan
88 000 EUR
124 000 EUR
40.91 %
Maschinen
Afghanistan
5 402 000 EUR
6 749 000 EUR
24.94 %
Metalle
Afghanistan
41 000 EUR
178 000 EUR
334.15 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Afghanistan
3 187 000 EUR
885 000 EUR
-72.23 %
Möbel
Afghanistan
67 000 EUR
20 000 EUR
-70.15 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Afghanistan
4 297 000 EUR
5 720 000 EUR
33.12 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Afghanistan
80 000 EUR
53 000 EUR
-33.75 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Afghanistan
466 000 EUR
493 000 EUR
5.79 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Afghanistan
5 977 000 EUR
265 000 EUR
-95.57 %
Sonstige Waren
Afghanistan
5 932 000 EUR
20 506 000 EUR
245.68 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbauerzeugnisse
Afghanistan
0 EUR
11 000 EUR
0.00 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Afghanistan
1 620 000 EUR
459 000 EUR
-71.67 %
Textilien
Afghanistan
284 000 EUR
134 000 EUR
-52.82 %