Australien - Daten & Fakten

Daten & Fakten
Flagge: Australien Australien
Hauptstadt
name: Canberra geographic coordinates: 35 16 S, 149 08 E time difference: UTC+10 (15 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time) daylight saving time: +1hr, begins first Sunday in October; ends first Sunday in April etymolgy: the name is claimed to derive from either Kambera or Camberry, which are names corrupted from the original native designation for the area "Nganbra" or "Nganbira"note: Australia has four time zones, including Lord Howe Island (UTC+10:30)
Staatsbürgerschaft
citizenship by birth: no citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen or permanent resident of Australia dual citizenship recognized: yes residency requirement for naturalization: 4 years
Regierungstyp
parliamentary democracy (Federal Parliament) under a constitutional monarchy; a Commonwealth realm
Rechtsordnung
common law system based on the English model
Wahlrecht
18 years of age; universal and compulsory
Country Comparison :: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
12.6
est.
Country Comparison :: GDP - per capita (PPP)
$50,400
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Labor force
12,910,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Unemployment rate
5.60
2017 est.
Labor force
12,910,000
Population below poverty line
NA
Unemployment rate   (%)
5.6%(2017 est.)5.7%(2016 est.)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24   (%)
total:12.6%male:13.6%female:11.5%(2017 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years:17.75%(male 2,138,080 /female 2,027,583)15-24 years:12.62%(male 1,520,528 /female 1,442,461)25-54 years:41.35%(male 4,944,587 /female 4,760,752)55-64 years:11.84%(male 1,379,681 /female 1,398,177)65 years and over:16.44%(male 1,786,595 /female 2,071,701)(2018 est.)
Birth rate   (births/1,000 population)
12 births/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Death rate   (deaths/1,000 population)
7.30
Languages
English 72.7%, Mandarin 2.5%, Arabic 1.4%, Cantonese 1.2%, Vietnamese 1.2%, Italian 1.2%, Greek 1%, other 14.8%, unspecified 6.5% (2016 est.) note: data represent language spoken at home
Life expectancy at birth   (years)
82.40
Major urban areas - population
4.792 million Sydney, 4.771 million Melbourne, 2.338 million Brisbane, 1.991 million Perth, 1.32 million Adelaide, 423,000 CANBERRA (capital) (2018)
Median age   (years)
total:38.8 yearsmale:38.1 yearsfemale:39.7 years(2018 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
28.7 years (2014 est.)
Net migration rate
5.4 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Population distribution
population is primarily located on the periphery, with the highest concentration of people residing in the east and southeast; a secondary population center is located in and around Perth in the west; of the States and Territories, New South Wales has, by far, the largest population; the interior, or "outback", has a very sparse population
Population growth rate   (%)
1.01%(2018 est.)
Total fertility rate   (children born/woman)
1.77 children born/woman(2018 est.)
Urbanization
rate of urbanization: 1.43% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Education expenditures   (% of GDP)
5.30
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
female: 23 years (2016)
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$700,600,000,000
31 December 2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$509,700,000,000
31 December 2017 est.
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$509.7 billion(31 December 2017 est.)$441.4 billion(31 December 2016 est.)
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$700,600,000,000
Country Comparison :: Central bank discount rate
3.00
28 February 2013
Central bank discount rate   (%)
3.00
Country Comparison :: Exports
$231,600,000,000
2017 est.
Exports
$231,600,000,000
Exports - partners
China 33.5%, Japan 14.6%, South Korea 6.6%, India 5%, Hong Kong 4% (2017)
Area   (sq km)
total:7,741,220 sq kmland:7,682,300 sq kmwater:58,920 sq km note: includes Lord Howe Island and Macquarie Island
Land use
agricultural land:52.9%(2016 est.)arable land:11.6%(2016 est.) / permanent crops:0.09%(2016 est.) / permanent pasture:88.4%(2016 est.)forest:16.2%(2016 est.)other:30.9%(2016 est.)
Location
Oceania, continent between the Indian Ocean and the South Pacific Ocean
Country Comparison :: Imports
$221,000,000,000
2017 est.
Imports
$221,000,000,000
Imports - partners
China 22.9%, US 10.8%, Japan 7.5%, Thailand 5.1%, Germany 4.9%, South Korea 4.5% (2017)
Country Comparison :: Inflation rate (consumer prices)
2.00
2017 est.
Inflation rate (consumer prices)   (%)
2.00
Country Comparison :: Electricity - production
243,000,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - consumption
229,400,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - exports
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - imports
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - production
263,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - exports
192,500
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - imports
341,700
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - production
105,200,000,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - exports
67,960,000,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - imports
5,776,000,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - fixed lines
8,460,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - mobile cellular
27,553,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Internet users
20,288,409
July 2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Broadband - fixed subscriptions
7,923,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Airports
480
2013
Country Comparison :: Railways
33,343
2015
Country Comparison :: Roadways
873,573
2015
Country Comparison :: Waterways
2,000
2011
Airports
480
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total:7.923 million(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:34(2017 est.)
Crude oil - exports   (bbl/day)
192,500
Crude oil - imports   (bbl/day)
341,700 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Crude oil - production   (bbl/day)
263,000 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Electricity - consumption   (kWh)
229,400,000,000
Electricity - exports   (kWh)
0
Electricity - imports   (kWh)
0
Electricity - production   (kWh)
243,000,000,000
Internet users
total: 20,288,409 (July 2016 est.)
Natural gas - exports   (cu m)
67,960,000,000
Natural gas - imports   (cu m)
5.776 billion cu m(2017 est.)
Natural gas - production   (cu m)
105.2 billion cu m(2017 est.)
Railways   (km)
total:33,343 km(2015)standard gauge:17,446 km1.435-m gauge (650 km electrified)(2015)narrow gauge:12,318 km1.067-m gauge (2,075.5 km electrified)(2015)broad gauge:3,247 km1.600-m gauge (372 km electrified)(2015)
Roadways   (km)
873,573
Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions:8.46 million(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:36(2017 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
27,553,000
Waterways   (km)
2,000
Disputes - international
In 2007, Australia and Timor-Leste agreed to a 50-year development zone and revenue sharing arrangement and deferred a maritime boundary; Australia asserts land and maritime claims to Antarctica; Australia's 2004 submission to the Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf extends its continental margins over 3.37 million square kilometers, expanding its seabed roughly 30 percent beyond its claimed EEZ; all borders between Indonesia and Australia have been agreed upon bilaterally, but a 1997 treaty that would settle the last of their maritime and EEZ boundary has yet to be ratified by Indonesia's legislature; Indonesian groups challenge Australia's claim to Ashmore Reef; Australia closed parts of the Ashmore and Cartier reserve to Indonesian traditional fishing
Country Comparison :: Public debt
40.80
2017 est.
Public debt   (% of GDP)
40.80
Country Comparison :: GDP - real growth rate
2.20
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Gross national saving
21.00
2017 est.
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)   (% (of GDP))
-0.5% (of GDP)(2017 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$1,248,000,000,000
Industrial production growth rate   (%)
1.40

Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Australien
9 213 668 000 EUR
0 EUR

Bekleidung
Australien
40 635 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Australien
533 093 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Australien
613 989 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Australien
645 037 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Energieversorgung
Australien
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Australien
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erze
Australien
98 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Australien
13 231 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Australien
78 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Australien
350 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Getränke
Australien
34 534 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Australien
92 844 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Australien
275 798 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Australien
37 629 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kohle
Australien
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Australien
15 182 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Australien
2 550 563 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Australien
36 395 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Maschinen
Australien
1 816 154 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Metalle
Australien
135 595 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Australien
250 591 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Möbel
Australien
35 701 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Australien
300 092 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Australien
117 215 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Australien
956 309 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Australien
235 311 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Sonstige Waren
Australien
392 337 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbauerzeugnisse
Australien
3 554 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Australien
33 959 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Textilien
Australien
47 394 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %