Bangladesch - Daten & Fakten

Daten & Fakten
Flagge: Bangladesch Bangladesch
Hauptstadt
name: Dhaka geographic coordinates: 23 43 N, 90 24 E time difference: UTC+6 (11 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time) etymology: the origins of the name are unclear, but some sources state that the city's site was originally called "dhakka," meaning "watchtower," and that the area served as a watch-station for Bengal rulers
Staatsbürgerschaft
citizenship by birth: no citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Bangladesh dual citizenship recognized: yes, but limited to select countries residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years
Government type
parliamentary republic
Legal system
mixed legal system of mostly English common law and Islamic law
Suffrage
18 years of age; universal
Country Comparison :: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
12.8
est.
Country Comparison :: GDP - per capita (PPP)
$4,200
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Labor force
66,640,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Unemployment rate
4.40
2017 est.
Labor force
66,640,000
Population below poverty line
24.3%(2016 est.)
Unemployment rate   (%)
4.4%(2017 est.)4.4%(2016 est.) note: about 40% of the population is underemployed; many persons counted as employed work only a few hours a week and at low wages
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24   (%)
total:12.8%male:10.8%female:16.8%(2017 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years:27.29%(male 22,135,349 /female 21,373,470)15-24 years:19.14%(male 15,313,674 /female 15,200,861)25-54 years:40.07%(male 30,626,005 /female 33,267,339)55-64 years:7.09%(male 5,582,450 /female 5,716,763)65 years and over:6.42%(male 4,844,612 /female 5,392,478)(2018 est.)
Birth rate   (births/1,000 population)
18.6 births/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Death rate   (deaths/1,000 population)
5.40
Languages
Bangla 98.8% (official, also known as Bengali), other 1.2% (2011 est.)
Life expectancy at birth   (years)
73.70
Major urban areas - population
19.578 million DHAKA (capital), 4.816 million Chittagong, 975,000 Khulna, 880,000 Rajshahi, 776,000 Sylhet (2018)
Median age   (years)
total:27.1 yearsmale:26.3 yearsfemale:27.8 years(2018 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
18.5 years (2014 est.)
Net migration rate
-3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Population growth rate   (%)
1.02%(2018 est.)
Total fertility rate   (children born/woman)
2.15 children born/woman(2018 est.)
Urbanization
rate of urbanization: 3.17% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Education expenditures   (% of GDP)
1.50
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
female: 12 years (2017)
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$14,620,000,000
31 December 2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$369,600,000
31 December 2017 est.
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$369.6 million(31 December 2017 est.)$228.5 million(31 December 2016 est.)
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$14,620,000,000
Country Comparison :: Central bank discount rate
5.00
11 December 2017
Central bank discount rate   (%)
5.00
Country Comparison :: Exports
$35,300,000,000
2017 est.
Exports
$35,300,000,000
Exports - partners
Germany 12.9%, US 12.2%, UK 8.7%, Spain 5.3%, France 5.1%, Italy 4.1% (2017)
Area   (sq km)
total:148,460 sq kmland:130,170 sq kmwater:18,290 sq km
Land use
agricultural land:70.1%(2016 est.)arable land:59%(2016 est.) / permanent crops:6.5%(2016 est.) / permanent pasture:4.6%(2016 est.)forest:11.1%(2016 est.)other:18.8%(2016 est.)
Location
Southern Asia, bordering the Bay of Bengal, between Burma and India
Country Comparison :: Imports
$47,560,000,000
2017 est.
Imports
$47,560,000,000
Imports - partners
China 21.9%, India 15.3%, Singapore 5.7% (2017)
Country Comparison :: Inflation rate (consumer prices)
5.60
2017 est.
Inflation rate (consumer prices)   (%)
5.60
Country Comparison :: Electricity - production
60,510,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - consumption
53,650,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - exports
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - imports
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - production
3,666
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - exports
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - imports
21,860
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - production
29,530,000,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - exports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - imports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - fixed lines
710,189
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - mobile cellular
145,113,669
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Internet users
28,499,324
July 2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Broadband - fixed subscriptions
7,296,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Airports
18
2013
Country Comparison :: Railways
2,460
2014
Country Comparison :: Roadways
370,000
2018
Country Comparison :: Waterways
8,370
2011
Airports
18
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total:7.296 million(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:5(2017 est.)
Crude oil - exports   (bbl/day)
0
Crude oil - imports   (bbl/day)
21,860 bbl/day(2015 est.)
Crude oil - production   (bbl/day)
3,666 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Electricity - consumption   (kWh)
53,650,000,000
Electricity - exports   (kWh)
0
Electricity - imports   (kWh)
0
Electricity - production   (kWh)
60,510,000,000
Internet users
total: 28,499,324 (July 2016 est.)
Natural gas - exports   (cu m)
0
Natural gas - imports   (cu m)
0 cu m(2017 est.)
Natural gas - production   (cu m)
29.53 billion cu m(2017 est.)
Railways   (km)
total:2,460 km(2014)narrow gauge:1,801 km1.000-m gauge(2014)broad gauge:659 km1.676-m gauge(2014)
Roadways   (km)
370,000
Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions:710,189(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:less than 1(2017 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
145,113,669
Waterways   (km)
8,370
Disputes - international
Bangladesh referred its maritime boundary claims with Burma and India to the International Tribunal on the Law of the Sea; Indian Prime Minister Singh's September 2011 visit to Bangladesh resulted in the signing of a Protocol to the 1974 Land Boundary Agreement between India and Bangladesh, which had called for the settlement of longstanding boundary disputes over undemarcated areas and the exchange of territorial enclaves, but which had never been implemented; Bangladesh struggles to accommodate 741,792 Rohingya, Burmese Muslim minority from Arakan State, living as refugees in Cox's Bazar; Burmese border authorities are constructing a 200 km (124 mi) wire fence designed to deter illegal cross-border transit and tensions from the military build-up along border
Country Comparison :: Public debt
33.10
2017 est.
Public debt   (% of GDP)
33.10
Country Comparison :: GDP - real growth rate
7.40
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Gross national saving
30.20
2017 est.
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)   (% (of GDP))
-3.2% (of GDP)(2017 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$690,300,000,000
Industrial production growth rate   (%)
10.20

Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Bangladesch
828 099 000 EUR
814 152 000 EUR
-1.68 %
Bekleidung
Bangladesch
480 000 EUR
112 000 EUR
-76.67 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Bangladesch
134 043 000 EUR
114 626 000 EUR
-14.49 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Bangladesch
51 282 000 EUR
54 498 000 EUR
6.27 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Bangladesch
111 488 000 EUR
87 248 000 EUR
-21.74 %
Energieversorgung
Bangladesch
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Bangladesch
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erze
Bangladesch
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Bangladesch
458 000 EUR
27 000 EUR
-94.10 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Bangladesch
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Bangladesch
15 000 EUR
17 000 EUR
13.33 %
Getränke
Bangladesch
12 000 EUR
1 000 EUR
-91.67 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Bangladesch
4 251 000 EUR
4 873 000 EUR
14.63 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Bangladesch
9 312 000 EUR
12 512 000 EUR
34.36 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Bangladesch
2 843 000 EUR
1 540 000 EUR
-45.83 %
Kohle
Bangladesch
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Bangladesch
1 252 000 EUR
1 251 000 EUR
-0.08 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Bangladesch
11 882 000 EUR
9 827 000 EUR
-17.30 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Bangladesch
697 000 EUR
966 000 EUR
38.59 %
Maschinen
Bangladesch
374 552 000 EUR
378 303 000 EUR
1.00 %
Metalle
Bangladesch
6 474 000 EUR
7 824 000 EUR
20.85 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Bangladesch
16 969 000 EUR
18 785 000 EUR
10.70 %
Möbel
Bangladesch
1 761 000 EUR
491 000 EUR
-72.12 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Bangladesch
16 861 000 EUR
18 531 000 EUR
9.90 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Bangladesch
9 566 000 EUR
7 774 000 EUR
-18.73 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Bangladesch
17 690 000 EUR
18 583 000 EUR
5.05 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Bangladesch
13 498 000 EUR
21 018 000 EUR
55.71 %
Sonstige Waren
Bangladesch
36 823 000 EUR
49 824 000 EUR
35.31 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbauerzeugnisse
Bangladesch
940 000 EUR
1 154 000 EUR
22.77 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Bangladesch
2 000 EUR
1 000 EUR
-50.00 %
Textilien
Bangladesch
4 948 000 EUR
4 366 000 EUR
-11.76 %