Chile - Daten & Fakten

Daten & Fakten
Flagge: Chile Chile
Hauptstadt
name: Santiago; note - Valparaiso is the seat of the national legislature geographic coordinates: 33 27 S, 70 40 W time difference: UTC-3 (2 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time) daylight saving time: +1hr, begins second Sunday in August; ends second Sunday in May; note - Punta Arenas observes DST throughout the year etymology: Santiago is named after the biblical figure Saint James (ca. A.D. 3-44), patron saint of Spain, but especially revered in Galicia; "Santiago" derives from the local Galician evolution of the Vulgar Latin "Sanctu Iacobu"; Valparaiso derives from the Spanish "Valle Paraiso" meaning "Paradise Valley"note: Chile has three time zones: the continental portion at UTC-3; the southern Magallanes region, which does not use daylight savings time and remains at UTC-3 for the summer months; and Easter Island at UTC-5
Staatsbürgerschaft
citizenship by birth: yes citizenship by descent only: yes dual citizenship recognized: yes residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years
Government type
presidential republic
Legal system
civil law system influenced by several West European civil legal systems; judicial review of legislative acts by the Constitutional Tribunal
Suffrage
18 years of age; universal
Country Comparison :: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
18.1
est.
Country Comparison :: GDP - per capita (PPP)
$24,600
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Labor force
8,881,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Unemployment rate
6.70
2017 est.
Labor force
8,881,000
Population below poverty line
14.4%(2013)
Unemployment rate   (%)
6.7%(2017 est.)6.5%(2016 est.)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24   (%)
total:18.1%male:16.7%female:20.2%(2018 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years:19.98%(male 1,827,657 /female 1,754,253)15-24 years:14.63%(male 1,337,663 /female 1,285,514)25-54 years:42.94%(male 3,851,775 /female 3,845,195)55-64 years:11.32%(male 957,872 /female 1,070,975)65 years and over:11.13%(male 836,489 /female 1,157,869)(2018 est.)
Birth rate   (births/1,000 population)
13.4 births/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Death rate   (deaths/1,000 population)
6.30
Languages
Spanish 99.5% (official), English 10.2%, indigenous 1% (includes Mapudungun, Aymara, Quechua, Rapa Nui), other 2.3%, unspecified 0.2% (2012 est.) note: shares sum to more than 100% because some respondents gave more than one answer on the census
Life expectancy at birth   (years)
79.10
Major urban areas - population
6.68 million SANTIAGO (capital), 967,000 Valparaiso, 857,000 Concepcion (2018)
Median age   (years)
total:34.8 yearsmale:33.6 yearsfemale:36 years(2018 est.)
Net migration rate
0.3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Population distribution
90% of the population is located in the middle third of the country around the capital of Santiago; the far north (anchored by the Atacama Desert) and the extreme south are relatively underpopulated
Population growth rate   (%)
0.75%(2018 est.)
Total fertility rate   (children born/woman)
1.79 children born/woman(2018 est.)
Urbanization
rate of urbanization: 0.87% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Education expenditures   (% of GDP)
5.40
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
female: 17 years (2016)
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$206,200,000,000
31 December 2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$95,370,000,000
31 December 2017 est.
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$95.37 billion(31 December 2017 est.)$90.54 billion(31 December 2016 est.)
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$206,200,000,000
Country Comparison :: Central bank discount rate
3.35
31 December 2015
Central bank discount rate   (%)
3.35
Country Comparison :: Exports
$69,230,000,000
2017 est.
Exports
$69,230,000,000
Exports - partners
China 27.5%, US 14.5%, Japan 9.3%, South Korea 6.2%, Brazil 5% (2017)
Area   (sq km)
total:756,102 sq kmland:743,812 sq kmwater:12,290 sq km note: includes Easter Island (Isla de Pascua) and Isla Sala y Gomez
Land use
agricultural land:21.1%(2011 est.)arable land:1.7%(2011 est.) / permanent crops:0.6%(2011 est.) / permanent pasture:18.8%(2011 est.)forest:21.9%(2011 est.)other:57%(2011 est.)
Location
Southern South America, bordering the South Pacific Ocean, between Argentina and Peru
Country Comparison :: Imports
$61,310,000,000
2017 est.
Imports
$61,310,000,000
Imports - partners
China 23.9%, US 18.1%, Brazil 8.6%, Argentina 4.5%, Germany 4% (2017)
Country Comparison :: Inflation rate (consumer prices)
2.20
2017 est.
Inflation rate (consumer prices)   (%)
2.20
Country Comparison :: Electricity - production
76,090,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - consumption
73,220,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - exports
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - imports
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - production
3,244
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - exports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - imports
169,600
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - production
1,218,000,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - exports
277,500,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - imports
4,446,000,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - fixed lines
3,193,131
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - mobile cellular
23,013,147
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Internet users
11,650,840
July 2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Broadband - fixed subscriptions
3,058,979
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Airports
481
2013
Country Comparison :: Railways
7,282
2014
Airports
481
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total:3,058,979(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:17(2017 est.)
Crude oil - exports   (bbl/day)
0
Crude oil - imports   (bbl/day)
169,600 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Crude oil - production   (bbl/day)
3,244 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Electricity - consumption   (kWh)
73,220,000,000
Electricity - exports   (kWh)
0
Electricity - imports   (kWh)
0
Electricity - production   (kWh)
76,090,000,000
Internet users
total: 11,650,840 (July 2016 est.)
Natural gas - exports   (cu m)
277,500,000
Natural gas - imports   (cu m)
4.446 billion cu m(2017 est.)
Natural gas - production   (cu m)
1.218 billion cu m(2017 est.)
Railways   (km)
total:7,282 km(2014)narrow gauge:3,853.5 km1.000-m gauge(2014)broad gauge:3,428 km1.676-m gauge (1,691 km electrified)(2014)
Roadways   (km)
77,801
Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions:3,193,131(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:18(2017 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
23,013,147
Disputes - international
Chile and Peru rebuff Bolivia's reactivated claim to restore the Atacama corridor, ceded to Chile in 1884, but Chile has offered instead unrestricted but not sovereign maritime access through Chile to Bolivian natural gas; Chile rejects Peru's unilateral legislation to change its latitudinal maritime boundary with Chile to an equidistance line with a southwestern axis favoring Peru; in October 2007, Peru took its maritime complaint with Chile to the ICJ; territorial claim in Antarctica (Chilean Antarctic Territory) partially overlaps Argentine and British claims; the joint boundary commission, established by Chile and Argentina in 2001, has yet to map and demarcate the delimited boundary in the inhospitable Andean Southern Ice Field (Campo de Hielo Sur)
Country Comparison :: Public debt
23.60
2017 est.
Public debt   (% of GDP)
23.60
Country Comparison :: GDP - real growth rate
1.50
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Gross national saving
20.50
2017 est.
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)   (% (of GDP))
-2.8% (of GDP)(2017 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$452,100,000,000
Industrial production growth rate   (%)
-0.40

Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Chile
2 664 583 000 EUR
2 884 009 000 EUR
8.23 %
Bekleidung
Chile
11 583 000 EUR
15 970 000 EUR
37.87 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Chile
198 097 000 EUR
194 364 000 EUR
-1.88 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Chile
168 488 000 EUR
134 075 000 EUR
-20.42 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Chile
178 497 000 EUR
221 004 000 EUR
23.81 %
Energieversorgung
Chile
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Chile
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erze
Chile
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Chile
5 282 000 EUR
3 076 000 EUR
-41.76 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Chile
5 000 EUR
3 000 EUR
-40.00 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Chile
92 000 EUR
44 000 EUR
-52.17 %
Getränke
Chile
20 126 000 EUR
13 987 000 EUR
-30.50 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Chile
19 975 000 EUR
20 418 000 EUR
2.22 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Chile
113 054 000 EUR
98 110 000 EUR
-13.22 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Chile
31 132 000 EUR
28 513 000 EUR
-8.41 %
Kohle
Chile
10 000 EUR
0 EUR
-100.00 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Chile
13 813 000 EUR
12 899 000 EUR
-6.62 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Chile
465 949 000 EUR
407 605 000 EUR
-12.52 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Chile
4 732 000 EUR
4 674 000 EUR
-1.23 %
Maschinen
Chile
550 217 000 EUR
516 273 000 EUR
-6.17 %
Metalle
Chile
37 566 000 EUR
43 048 000 EUR
14.59 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Chile
101 008 000 EUR
96 004 000 EUR
-4.95 %
Möbel
Chile
9 640 000 EUR
8 466 000 EUR
-12.18 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Chile
101 539 000 EUR
93 672 000 EUR
-7.75 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Chile
47 607 000 EUR
46 782 000 EUR
-1.73 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Chile
114 633 000 EUR
135 986 000 EUR
18.63 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Chile
357 189 000 EUR
680 439 000 EUR
90.50 %
Sonstige Waren
Chile
101 059 000 EUR
94 779 000 EUR
-6.21 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbauerzeugnisse
Chile
1 495 000 EUR
1 167 000 EUR
-21.94 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Chile
234 000 EUR
175 000 EUR
-25.21 %
Textilien
Chile
11 561 000 EUR
12 476 000 EUR
7.91 %