Costa Rica - Daten & Fakten

Daten & Fakten
Flagge: Costa Rica Costa Rica
Hauptstadt
name: San Jose geographic coordinates: 9 56 N, 84 05 W time difference: UTC-6 (1 hour behind Washington, DC, during Standard Time) etymology: named in honor of Saint Joseph
Staatsbürgerschaft
citizenship by birth: yes citizenship by descent only: yes dual citizenship recognized: yes residency requirement for naturalization: 7 years
Government type
presidential republic
Legal system
civil law system based on Spanish civil code; judicial review of legislative acts in the Supreme Court
Suffrage
18 years of age; universal and compulsory
Country Comparison :: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
20.6
est.
Country Comparison :: GDP - per capita (PPP)
$16,900
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Labor force
2,229,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Unemployment rate
8.10
2017 est.
Labor force
2,229,000
Population below poverty line
21.7%(2014 est.)
Unemployment rate   (%)
8.1%(2017 est.)9.5%(2016 est.)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24   (%)
total:20.6%male:17.6%female:25.9%(2017 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years:22.43%(male 572,172 /female 546,464)15-24 years:15.94%(male 405,515 /female 389,433)25-54 years:44.04%(male 1,105,944 /female 1,090,434)55-64 years:9.48%(male 229,928 /female 242,696)65 years and over:8.11%(male 186,531 /female 218,025)(2018 est.)
Birth rate   (births/1,000 population)
15.3 births/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Death rate   (deaths/1,000 population)
4.80
Languages
Spanish (official), English
Life expectancy at birth   (years)
78.90
Major urban areas - population
1.358 million SAN JOSE (capital) (2018)
Median age   (years)
total:31.7 yearsmale:31.2 yearsfemale:32.2 years(2018 est.)
Net migration rate
0.8 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Population distribution
roughly half of the nation's population resides in urban areas; the capital of San Jose is the largest city and home to approximately one-fifth of the population
Population growth rate   (%)
1.13%(2018 est.)
Total fertility rate   (children born/woman)
1.89 children born/woman(2018 est.)
Urbanization
rate of urbanization: 1.5% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Education expenditures   (% of GDP)
7.40
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
female: 16 years (2016)
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$33,920,000,000
31 December 2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$4,007,000,000
31 December 2017 est.
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$4.007 billion(31 December 2017 est.)$3.781 billion(31 December 2016 est.)
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$33,920,000,000
Country Comparison :: Central bank discount rate
3.50
31 December 2016 est.
Central bank discount rate   (%)
3.50
Country Comparison :: Exports
$10,810,000,000
2017 est.
Exports
$10,810,000,000
Exports - partners
US 40.9%, Belgium 6.3%, Panama 5.6%, Netherlands 5.6%, Nicaragua 5.1%, Guatemala 5% (2017)
Area   (sq km)
total:51,100 sq kmland:51,060 sq kmwater:40 sq km note: includes Isla del Coco
Land use
agricultural land:37.1%(2011 est.)arable land:4.9%(2011 est.) / permanent crops:6.7%(2011 est.) / permanent pasture:25.5%(2011 est.)forest:51.5%(2011 est.)other:11.4%(2011 est.)
Location
Central America, bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Pacific Ocean, between Nicaragua and Panama
Country Comparison :: Imports
$15,150,000,000
2017 est.
Imports
$15,150,000,000
Imports - partners
US 38.1%, China 13.1%, Mexico 7.3% (2017)
Country Comparison :: Inflation rate (consumer prices)
1.60
2017 est.
Inflation rate (consumer prices)   (%)
1.60
Country Comparison :: Electricity - production
10,790,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - consumption
9,812,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - exports
643,000,000
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - imports
807,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - production
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - exports
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - imports
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - production
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - exports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - imports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - fixed lines
843,148
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - mobile cellular
8,840,342
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Internet users
3,217,277
July 2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Broadband - fixed subscriptions
744,059
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Airports
161
2013
Country Comparison :: Railways
278
2014
Country Comparison :: Waterways
730
2011
Airports
161
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total:744,059(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:15(2017 est.)
Crude oil - exports   (bbl/day)
0
Crude oil - imports   (bbl/day)
0 bbl/day(2015 est.)
Crude oil - production   (bbl/day)
0 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Electricity - consumption   (kWh)
9,812,000,000
Electricity - exports   (kWh)
643,000,000
Electricity - imports   (kWh)
807,000,000
Electricity - production   (kWh)
10,790,000,000
Internet users
total: 3,217,277 (July 2016 est.)
Natural gas - exports   (cu m)
0
Natural gas - imports   (cu m)
0 cu m(2017 est.)
Natural gas - production   (cu m)
0 cu m(2017 est.)
Railways   (km)
total:278 km(2014)narrow gauge:278 km1.067-m gauge(2014) note: the entire rail network fell into disrepair and out of use at the end of the 20th century; since 2005, certain sections of rail have been rehabilitated
Roadways   (km)
5,035
Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions:843,148(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:17(2017 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
8,840,342
Waterways   (km)
730
Disputes - international
Costa Rica and Nicaragua regularly file border dispute cases over the delimitations of the San Juan River and the northern tip of Calero Island to the International Court of Justice (ICJ); in 2009, the ICJ ruled that Costa Rican vessels carrying out police activities could not use the river, but official Costa Rican vessels providing essential services to riverside inhabitants and Costa Rican tourists could travel freely on the river; in 2011, the ICJ provisionally ruled that both countries must remove personnel from the disputed area; in 2013, the ICJ rejected Nicaragua's 2012 suit to halt Costa Rica's construction of a highway paralleling the river on the grounds of irreparable environmental damage; in 2013, the ICJ, regarding the disputed territory, ordered that Nicaragua should refrain from dredging or canal construction and refill and repair damage caused by trenches connecting the river to the Caribbean and upheld its 2010 ruling that Nicaragua must remove all personnel; in early 2014, Costa Rica brought Nicaragua to the ICJ over offshore oil concessions in the disputed region
Country Comparison :: Public debt
48.90
2017 est.
Public debt   (% of GDP)
48.90
Country Comparison :: GDP - real growth rate
3.30
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Gross national saving
15.10
2017 est.
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)   (% (of GDP))
-6.1% (of GDP)(2017 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$83,940,000,000
Industrial production growth rate   (%)
1.30

Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Costa Rica
245 562 000 EUR
213 393 000 EUR
-13.10 %
Bekleidung
Costa Rica
667 000 EUR
448 000 EUR
-32.83 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Costa Rica
33 254 000 EUR
35 018 000 EUR
5.30 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Costa Rica
20 254 000 EUR
19 512 000 EUR
-3.66 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Costa Rica
12 544 000 EUR
11 096 000 EUR
-11.54 %
Energieversorgung
Costa Rica
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Costa Rica
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erze
Costa Rica
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Costa Rica
535 000 EUR
294 000 EUR
-45.05 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Costa Rica
1 000 EUR
1 000 EUR
0.00 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Costa Rica
1 000 EUR
0 EUR
-100.00 %
Getränke
Costa Rica
1 894 000 EUR
2 884 000 EUR
52.27 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Costa Rica
4 605 000 EUR
3 909 000 EUR
-15.11 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Costa Rica
9 662 000 EUR
9 433 000 EUR
-2.37 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Costa Rica
710 000 EUR
331 000 EUR
-53.38 %
Kohle
Costa Rica
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Costa Rica
1 299 000 EUR
1 041 000 EUR
-19.86 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Costa Rica
30 220 000 EUR
25 745 000 EUR
-14.81 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Costa Rica
449 000 EUR
468 000 EUR
4.23 %
Maschinen
Costa Rica
75 007 000 EUR
42 676 000 EUR
-43.10 %
Metalle
Costa Rica
2 655 000 EUR
3 958 000 EUR
49.08 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Costa Rica
6 667 000 EUR
5 784 000 EUR
-13.24 %
Möbel
Costa Rica
1 465 000 EUR
641 000 EUR
-56.25 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Costa Rica
4 964 000 EUR
5 784 000 EUR
16.52 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Costa Rica
4 462 000 EUR
4 346 000 EUR
-2.60 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Costa Rica
11 779 000 EUR
11 781 000 EUR
0.02 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Costa Rica
3 726 000 EUR
4 500 000 EUR
20.77 %
Sonstige Waren
Costa Rica
17 333 000 EUR
22 626 000 EUR
30.54 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbauerzeugnisse
Costa Rica
150 000 EUR
147 000 EUR
-2.00 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Costa Rica
5 000 EUR
8 000 EUR
60.00 %
Textilien
Costa Rica
1 254 000 EUR
962 000 EUR
-23.29 %