Dänemark - Daten & Fakten

Daten & Fakten
Flagge: Dänemark Dänemark
Hauptstadt
name: Copenhagen geographic coordinates: 55 40 N, 12 35 E time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time) daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October; note - applies to continental Denmark only, not to its North Atlantic components etymology: name derives from the city's Danish appellation Kobenhavn, meaning "Merchant's Harbor"
Staatsbürgerschaft
citizenship by birth: no citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Denmark dual citizenship recognized: yes residency requirement for naturalization: 7 years
Government type
parliamentary constitutional monarchy
Legal system
civil law; judicial review of legislative acts
Suffrage
18 years of age; universal
Country Comparison :: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
11.0
est.
Country Comparison :: GDP - per capita (PPP)
$50,100
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Labor force
2,998,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Unemployment rate
5.70
2017 est.
Labor force
2,998,000
Population below poverty line
13.4%(2011 est.) note: excludes students
Unemployment rate   (%)
5.7%(2017 est.)6.2%(2016 est.)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24   (%)
total:11%male:11.4%female:10.7%(2017 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years:16.57%(male 493,829 /female 468,548)15-24 years:12.67%(male 377,094 /female 358,807)25-54 years:39.03%(male 1,147,196 /female 1,119,967)55-64 years:12.33%(male 356,860 /female 359,264)65 years and over:19.42%(male 518,200 /female 609,737)(2018 est.)
Birth rate   (births/1,000 population)
10.9 births/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Death rate   (deaths/1,000 population)
9.30
Languages
Danish, Faroese, Greenlandic (an Inuit dialect), German (small minority) note: English is the predominant second language
Life expectancy at birth   (years)
81.00
Major urban areas - population
1.321 million COPENHAGEN (capital) (2018)
Median age   (years)
total:41.9 yearsmale:40.8 yearsfemale:42.9 years(2018 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
29.1 years (2015 est.)
Net migration rate
4.3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Population distribution
with excellent access to the North Sea, Skagerrak, Kattegat, and the Baltic Sea, population centers tend to be along coastal areas, particularly in Copenhagen and the eastern side of the country's mainland
Population growth rate   (%)
0.59%(2018 est.)
Total fertility rate   (children born/woman)
1.78 children born/woman(2018 est.)
Urbanization
rate of urbanization: 0.51% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Education expenditures   (% of GDP)
7.60
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
female: 20 years (2016)
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$188,700,000,000
31 December 2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$287,900,000,000
31 December 2017 est.
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$287.9 billion(31 December 2017 est.)$235.4 billion(31 December 2016 est.)
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$188,700,000,000
Country Comparison :: Central bank discount rate
0.00
31 December 2017
Central bank discount rate   (%)
0.00
Country Comparison :: Exports
$113,600,000,000
2017 est.
Exports
$113,600,000,000
Exports - partners
Germany 15.5%, Sweden 11.6%, UK 8.2%, US 7.5%, Norway 6%, China 4.4%, Netherlands 4.4% (2017)
Area   (sq km)
total:43,094 sq kmland:42,434 sq kmwater:660 sq km note: includes the island of Bornholm in the Baltic Sea and the rest of metropolitan Denmark (the Jutland Peninsula, and the major islands of Sjaelland and Fyn), but excludes the Faroe Islands and Greenland
Land use
agricultural land:63.4%(2011 est.)arable land:58.9%(2011 est.) / permanent crops:0.1%(2011 est.) / permanent pasture:4.4%(2011 est.)forest:12.9%(2011 est.)other:23.7%(2011 est.) note: highest percentage of arable land for any country in the world
Location
Northern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea and the North Sea, on a peninsula north of Germany (Jutland); also includes several major islands (Sjaelland, Fyn, and Bornholm)
Country Comparison :: Imports
$94,930,000,000
2017 est.
Imports
$94,930,000,000
Imports - partners
Germany 21.3%, Sweden 11.9%, Netherlands 7.8%, China 7.1%, Norway 6.3%, Poland 4% (2017)
Country Comparison :: Inflation rate (consumer prices)
1.10
2017 est.
Inflation rate (consumer prices)   (%)
1.10
Country Comparison :: Electricity - production
29,840,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - consumption
33,020,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - exports
9,919,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - imports
14,980,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - production
137,100
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - exports
82,980
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - imports
98,240
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - production
4,842,000,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - exports
2,237,000,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - imports
509,700,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - fixed lines
1,439,695
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - mobile cellular
6,978,348
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Internet users
5,424,169
July 2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Broadband - fixed subscriptions
2,475,382
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Airports
80
2013
Country Comparison :: Railways
3,476
2017
Country Comparison :: Roadways
74,558
2017
Country Comparison :: Waterways
400
2010
Airports
80
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total:2,475,382(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:44(2017 est.)
Crude oil - exports   (bbl/day)
82,980
Crude oil - imports   (bbl/day)
98,240 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Crude oil - production   (bbl/day)
137,100 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Electricity - consumption   (kWh)
33,020,000,000
Electricity - exports   (kWh)
9,919,000,000
Electricity - imports   (kWh)
14,980,000,000
Electricity - production   (kWh)
29,840,000,000
Internet users
total: 5,424,169 (July 2016 est.)
Natural gas - exports   (cu m)
2,237,000,000
Natural gas - imports   (cu m)
509.7 million cu m(2017 est.)
Natural gas - production   (cu m)
4.842 billion cu m(2017 est.)
Railways   (km)
total:3,476 km(2017)standard gauge:3,476 km1.435-m gauge (1,756 km electrified)(2017)
Roadways   (km)
74,558
Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions:1,439,695(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:26(2017 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
6,978,348
Waterways   (km)
400
Disputes - international
Iceland, the UK, and Ireland dispute Denmark's claim that the Faroe Islands' continental shelf extends beyond 200 nm; sovereignty dispute with Canada over Hans Island in the Kennedy Channel between Ellesmere Island and Greenland; Denmark (Greenland) and Norway have made submissions to the Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf (CLCS) and Russia is collecting additional data to augment its 2001 CLCS submission
Country Comparison :: Public debt
35.30
2017 est.
Public debt   (% of GDP)
35.30
Country Comparison :: GDP - real growth rate
2.30
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Gross national saving
28.80
2017 est.
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)   (% (of GDP))
1.1% (of GDP)(2017 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$287,800,000,000
Industrial production growth rate   (%)
2.50

Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Dänemark
20 107 637 000 EUR
19 241 924 000 EUR
-4.31 %
Bekleidung
Dänemark
290 593 000 EUR
289 902 000 EUR
-0.24 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Dänemark
1 482 217 000 EUR
1 500 817 000 EUR
1.25 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Dänemark
1 362 069 000 EUR
1 632 570 000 EUR
19.86 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Dänemark
1 312 249 000 EUR
1 197 818 000 EUR
-8.72 %
Energieversorgung
Dänemark
181 699 000 EUR
274 750 000 EUR
51.21 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Dänemark
155 623 000 EUR
52 115 000 EUR
-66.51 %
Erze
Dänemark
851 000 EUR
829 000 EUR
-2.59 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Dänemark
303 563 000 EUR
283 673 000 EUR
-6.55 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Dänemark
24 909 000 EUR
20 769 000 EUR
-16.62 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Dänemark
14 636 000 EUR
20 066 000 EUR
37.10 %
Getränke
Dänemark
140 707 000 EUR
138 958 000 EUR
-1.24 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Dänemark
339 928 000 EUR
307 117 000 EUR
-9.65 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Dänemark
827 149 000 EUR
773 856 000 EUR
-6.44 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Dänemark
293 877 000 EUR
343 442 000 EUR
16.87 %
Kohle
Dänemark
2 089 000 EUR
1 442 000 EUR
-30.97 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Dänemark
173 446 000 EUR
99 601 000 EUR
-42.58 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Dänemark
2 394 633 000 EUR
2 316 794 000 EUR
-3.25 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Dänemark
167 313 000 EUR
168 389 000 EUR
0.64 %
Maschinen
Dänemark
2 475 765 000 EUR
2 711 348 000 EUR
9.52 %
Metalle
Dänemark
840 413 000 EUR
832 727 000 EUR
-0.91 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Dänemark
749 141 000 EUR
726 331 000 EUR
-3.04 %
Möbel
Dänemark
137 423 000 EUR
134 129 000 EUR
-2.40 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Dänemark
2 185 107 000 EUR
2 254 351 000 EUR
3.17 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Dänemark
350 621 000 EUR
329 222 000 EUR
-6.10 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Dänemark
729 346 000 EUR
746 203 000 EUR
2.31 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Dänemark
1 715 389 000 EUR
519 795 000 EUR
-69.70 %
Sonstige Waren
Dänemark
1 237 176 000 EUR
1 354 130 000 EUR
9.45 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbauerzeugnisse
Dänemark
18 430 000 EUR
17 197 000 EUR
-6.69 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Dänemark
20 548 000 EUR
18 563 000 EUR
-9.66 %
Textilien
Dänemark
180 727 000 EUR
175 020 000 EUR
-3.16 %