Demokratische Republik Kongo - Daten & Fakten

Daten & Fakten
Flagge: Demokratische Republik Kongo Demokratische Republik Kongo
Hauptstadt
name: Kinshasa geographic coordinates: 4 19 S, 15 18 E time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time) etymology: founded as a trading post in 1881 and named Leopoldville in honor of King Leopold II of the Belgians, who controlled the Congo Free State, the vast central African territory that became the Democratic Republic of the Congo in 1960; in 1966, Leopoldville was renamed Kinshasa, after a village of that name that once stood near the site note: the DRC has two time zones
Staatsbürgerschaft
citizenship by birth: no citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of the Democratic Republic of the Congo dual citizenship recognized: no residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years
Regierungstyp
semi-presidential republic
Rechtsordnung
civil law system primarily based on Belgian law, but also customary and tribal law
Wahlrecht
18 years of age; universal and compulsory
Country Comparison :: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
8.7
est.
Country Comparison :: GDP - per capita (PPP)
$800
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Labor force
31,360,000
2017 est.
Labor force
31,360,000
Population below poverty line
63%(2014 est.)
Unemployment rate
NA
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24   (%)
total:8.7%male:11.3%female:6.8%(2012 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years:41.25%(male 17,735,697 /female 17,446,866)15-24 years:21.46%(male 9,184,871 /female 9,117,462)25-54 years:30.96%(male 13,176,714 /female 13,225,429)55-64 years:3.63%(male 1,472,758 /female 1,625,637)65 years and over:2.69%(male 974,293 /female 1,321,297)(2018 est.)
Birth rate   (births/1,000 population)
32.8 births/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Death rate   (deaths/1,000 population)
9.40
Languages
French (official), Lingala (a lingua franca trade language), Kingwana (a dialect of Kiswahili or Swahili), Kikongo, Tshiluba
Life expectancy at birth   (years)
58.10
Major urban areas - population
13.171 million KINSHASA (capital), 2.305 million Mbuji-Mayi, 2.281 million Lubumbashi, 1.335 million Kananga, 1.167 million Kisangani, 973,000 Bukavu (2018)
Median age   (years)
total:18.8 yearsmale:18.6 yearsfemale:19 years(2018 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
19.9 years (2013/14 est.)
Net migration rate
-0.1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Population distribution
urban clusters are spread throughout the country, particularly in the northeast along the boarder with Uganda, Rwanda, and Burundi; the largest city is the capital, Kinshasha, located in the west along the Congo River; the south is least densely populated
Population growth rate   (%)
2.33%(2018 est.)
Total fertility rate   (children born/woman)
4.54 children born/woman(2018 est.)
Urbanization
rate of urbanization: 4.53% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Education expenditures   (% of GDP)
1.50
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
female: 9 years (2013)
Country Comparison :: Central bank discount rate
20.00
31 December 2017
Central bank discount rate   (%)
20.00
Country Comparison :: Exports
$10,980,000,000
2017 est.
Exports
$10,980,000,000
Exports - partners
China 41.4%, Zambia 22.7%, South Korea 7.2%, Finland 6.2% (2017)
Area   (sq km)
total:2,344,858 sq kmland:2,267,048 sq kmwater:77,810 sq km
Land use
agricultural land:11.4%(2011 est.)arable land:3.1%(2011 est.) / permanent crops:0.3%(2011 est.) / permanent pasture:8%(2011 est.)forest:67.9%(2011 est.)other:20.7%(2011 est.)
Location
Central Africa, northeast of Angola
Country Comparison :: Imports
$10,820,000,000
2017 est.
Imports
$10,820,000,000
Imports - partners
China 19.9%, South Africa 18%, Zambia 10.4%, Belgium 9.1%, India 4.3%, Tanzania 4.2% (2017)
Country Comparison :: Inflation rate (consumer prices)
41.50
2017 est.
Inflation rate (consumer prices)   (%)
41.50
Country Comparison :: Electricity - production
9,046,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - consumption
7,430,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - exports
422,000,000
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - imports
20,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - production
19,160
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - exports
20,000
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - imports
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - production
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - exports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - imports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - mobile cellular
35,270,156
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Internet users
3,016,000
July 2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Broadband - fixed subscriptions
1,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Airports
198
2013
Country Comparison :: Railways
4,007
2014
Country Comparison :: Roadways
152,373
2015
Country Comparison :: Waterways
15,000
2011
Airports
198
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total:1,000(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:less than 1(2017 est.)
Crude oil - exports   (bbl/day)
20,000
Crude oil - imports   (bbl/day)
0 bbl/day(2015 est.)
Crude oil - production   (bbl/day)
19,160 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Electricity - consumption   (kWh)
7,430,000,000
Electricity - exports   (kWh)
422,000,000
Electricity - imports   (kWh)
20,000,000
Electricity - production   (kWh)
9,046,000,000
Internet users
total: 3.016 million (July 2016 est.)
Natural gas - exports   (cu m)
0
Natural gas - imports   (cu m)
0 cu m(2017 est.)
Natural gas - production   (cu m)
0 cu m(2017 est.)
Railways   (km)
total:4,007 km(2014)narrow gauge:3,882 km1.067-m gauge (858 km electrified)(2014) 125 1.000-m gauge
Roadways   (km)
152,373
Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions:NA(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:NA(2017 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
35,270,156
Waterways   (km)
15,000
Disputes - international
heads of the Great Lakes states and UN pledged in 2004 to abate tribal, rebel, and militia fighting in the region, including northeast Congo, where the UN Organization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUC), organized in 1999, maintains over 16,500 uniformed peacekeepers; members of Uganda's Lord's Resistance Army forces continue to seek refuge in Congo's Garamba National Park as peace talks with the Uganda Government evolve; the location of the boundary in the broad Congo River with the Republic of the Congo is indefinite except in the Pool Malebo/Stanley Pool area; Uganda and DRC dispute Rukwanzi Island in Lake Albert and other areas on the Semliki River with hydrocarbon potential; boundary commission continues discussions over Congolese-administered triangle of land on the right bank of the Lunkinda River claimed by Zambia near the DRC village of Pweto; DRC accuses Angola of shifting monuments
Country Comparison :: Public debt
18.10
2017 est.
Public debt   (% of GDP)
18.10
Country Comparison :: GDP - real growth rate
3.40
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Gross national saving
11.50
2017 est.
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)   (% (of GDP))
-0.9% (of GDP)(2017 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$68,600,000,000
Industrial production growth rate   (%)
1.60

Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Demokratische Republik Kongo
80 611 000 EUR
0 EUR

Bekleidung
Demokratische Republik Kongo
2 453 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Demokratische Republik Kongo
10 327 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Demokratische Republik Kongo
4 226 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Demokratische Republik Kongo
2 075 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Energieversorgung
Demokratische Republik Kongo
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Demokratische Republik Kongo
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erze
Demokratische Republik Kongo
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Demokratische Republik Kongo
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Demokratische Republik Kongo
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Demokratische Republik Kongo
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Getränke
Demokratische Republik Kongo
3 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Demokratische Republik Kongo
932 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Demokratische Republik Kongo
7 944 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Demokratische Republik Kongo
25 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kohle
Demokratische Republik Kongo
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Demokratische Republik Kongo
701 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Demokratische Republik Kongo
4 439 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Demokratische Republik Kongo
35 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Maschinen
Demokratische Republik Kongo
17 247 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Metalle
Demokratische Republik Kongo
709 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Demokratische Republik Kongo
1 484 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Möbel
Demokratische Republik Kongo
176 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Demokratische Republik Kongo
15 015 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Demokratische Republik Kongo
654 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Demokratische Republik Kongo
3 218 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Demokratische Republik Kongo
80 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Sonstige Waren
Demokratische Republik Kongo
8 620 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbauerzeugnisse
Demokratische Republik Kongo
42 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Demokratische Republik Kongo
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Textilien
Demokratische Republik Kongo
206 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %