Eritrea - Daten & Fakten

Daten & Fakten
Flagge: Eritrea Eritrea
Hauptstadt
name: Asmara (Asmera) geographic coordinates: 15 20 N, 38 56 E time difference: UTC+3 (8 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time) etymology: the name means "they [women] made them unite," which according to Tigrinya oral tradition refers to the women of the four clans in the Asmara area who persuaded their menfolk to unite and defeat their common enemy; the name has also been translated as "live in peace"
Staatsbürgerschaft
citizenship by birth: no citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Eritrea dual citizenship recognized: no residency requirement for naturalization: 20 years
Regierungstyp
presidential republic
Rechtsordnung
mixed legal system of civil, customary, and Islamic religious law
Wahlrecht
18 years of age; universal
Country Comparison :: GDP - per capita (PPP)
$1,600
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Labor force
2,710,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Unemployment rate
5.80
2017 est.
Labor force
2,710,000
Population below poverty line
50%(2004 est.)
Unemployment rate   (%)
5.8%(2017 est.)10%(2016 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years:39.53%(male 1,186,749 /female 1,173,530)15-24 years:19.94%(male 592,365 /female 598,305)25-54 years:32.88%(male 965,405 /female 997,771)55-64 years:3.7%(male 96,967 /female 123,895)65 years and over:3.95%(male 97,816 /female 137,843)(2018 est.)
Birth rate   (births/1,000 population)
29.1 births/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Death rate   (deaths/1,000 population)
7.10
Languages
Tigrinya (official), Arabic (official), English (official), Tigre, Kunama, Afar, other Cushitic languages
Life expectancy at birth   (years)
65.60
Major urban areas - population
896,000 ASMARA (capital) (2018)
Median age   (years)
total:19.9 yearsmale:19.4 yearsfemale:20.4 years(2018 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
21.3 years (2010 est.)
Net migration rate
-13.1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Population distribution
density is highest in the center of the country in and around the cities of Asmara (capital) and Keren; smaller settlements exist in the north and south
Population growth rate   (%)
0.89%(2018 est.)
Total fertility rate   (children born/woman)
3.9 children born/woman(2018 est.)
Urbanization
rate of urbanization: 3.86% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Education expenditures
NA
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
female: 5 years (2015)
Country Comparison :: Exports
$624,300,000
2017 est.
Exports
$624,300,000
Exports - partners
China 62%, South Korea 28.3% (2017)
Area   (sq km)
total:117,600 sq kmland:101,000 sq kmwater:16,600 sq km
Land use
agricultural land:75.1%(2011 est.)arable land:6.8%(2011 est.) / permanent crops:0%(2011 est.) / permanent pasture:68.3%(2011 est.)forest:15.1%(2011 est.)other:9.8%(2011 est.)
Location
Eastern Africa, bordering the Red Sea, between Djibouti and Sudan
Country Comparison :: Imports
$1,127,000,000
2017 est.
Imports
$1,127,000,000
Imports - partners
UAE 14.5%, China 13.2%, Saudi Arabia 13.2%, Italy 12.9%, Turkey 5.6%, South Africa 4.6% (2017)
Country Comparison :: Inflation rate (consumer prices)
9.00
2017 est.
Inflation rate (consumer prices)   (%)
9.00
Country Comparison :: Electricity - production
415,900,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - consumption
353,900,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - exports
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - imports
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - production
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - exports
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - imports
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - production
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - exports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - imports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - fixed lines
66,086
July 2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - mobile cellular
506,000
July 2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Internet users
69,095
July 2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Broadband - fixed subscriptions
600
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Airports
13
2013
Country Comparison :: Railways
306
2014
Country Comparison :: Roadways
16,000
2000
Airports
13
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total:600(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:less than 1(2017 est.)
Crude oil - exports   (bbl/day)
0
Crude oil - imports   (bbl/day)
0 bbl/day(2015 est.)
Crude oil - production   (bbl/day)
0 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Electricity - consumption   (kWh)
353,900,000
Electricity - exports   (kWh)
0
Electricity - imports   (kWh)
0
Electricity - production   (kWh)
415,900,000
Internet users
total: 69,095 (July 2016 est.)
Natural gas - exports   (cu m)
0
Natural gas - imports   (cu m)
0 cu m(2017 est.)
Natural gas - production   (cu m)
0 cu m(2017 est.)
Railways   (km)
total:306 km(2018)narrow gauge:306 km0.950-m gauge(2018)
Roadways   (km)
16,000
Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions:66,086(July 2016 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:1(July 2016 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
506,000
Disputes - international
Eritrea and Ethiopia agreed to abide by 2002 Ethiopia-Eritrea Boundary Commission's (EEBC) delimitation decision, but neither party responded to the revised line detailed in the November 2006 EEBC Demarcation Statement; Sudan accuses Eritrea of supporting eastern Sudanese rebel groups; in 2008, Eritrean troops moved across the border on Ras Doumera peninsula and occupied Doumera Island with undefined sovereignty in the Red Sea
Country Comparison :: Public debt
131.20
2017 est.
Public debt   (% of GDP)
131.20
Country Comparison :: GDP - real growth rate
5.00
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Gross national saving
5.50
2017 est.
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)   (% (of GDP))
-9.8% (of GDP)(2017 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$9,402,000,000
Industrial production growth rate   (%)
5.40

Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %