Estland - Daten & Fakten

Daten & Fakten
Flagge: Estland Estland
Hauptstadt
name: Tallinn geographic coordinates: 59 26 N, 24 43 E time difference: UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time) daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October etymology: the Estonian name is generally believed to be derived from "Taani-linn" (originally meaning "Danish castle", now "Danish town") after a stronghold built in the area by the Danes; it could also have come from "tali-linn" ("winter castle" or "winter town") or "talu-linn" ("home castle" or "home town")
Staatsbürgerschaft
citizenship by birth: no citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Estonia dual citizenship recognized: no residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years
Regierungstyp
parliamentary republic
Rechtsordnung
civil law system
Wahlrecht
18 years of age; universal; age 16 for local elections
Country Comparison :: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
12.1
est.
Country Comparison :: GDP - per capita (PPP)
$31,700
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Labor force
670,200
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Unemployment rate
5.80
2017 est.
Labor force
670,200
Population below poverty line
21.1%(2016 est.)
Unemployment rate   (%)
5.8%(2017 est.)6.8%(2016 est.)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24   (%)
total:12.1%male:13.9%female:10%(2017 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years:16.3%(male 104,024 /female 98,757)15-24 years:8.8%(male 56,755 /female 52,711)25-54 years:41.07%(male 258,727 /female 252,304)55-64 years:13.63%(male 76,895 /female 92,759)65 years and over:20.2%(male 85,900 /female 165,456)(2018 est.)
Birth rate   (births/1,000 population)
9.9 births/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Death rate   (deaths/1,000 population)
12.70
Languages
Estonian (official) 68.5%, Russian 29.6%, Ukrainian 0.6%, other 1.2%, unspecified 0.1% (2011 est.)
Life expectancy at birth   (years)
77.00
Major urban areas - population
437,000 TALLINN (capital) (2018)
Median age   (years)
total:43 yearsmale:39.7 yearsfemale:46.4 years(2018 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
26.6 years (2014 est.)
Net migration rate
-3.1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Population distribution
a fairly even distribution throughout most of the country, with urban areas attracting larger and denser populations
Population growth rate   (%)
-0.6%(2018 est.)
Total fertility rate   (children born/woman)
1.6 children born/woman(2018 est.)
Urbanization
rate of urbanization: 0.01% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Education expenditures   (% of GDP)
5.20
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
female: 17 years (2016)
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$27,050,000,000
31 December 2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$10,960,000,000
31 December 2017 est.
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$10.96 billion(31 December 2017 est.)$9.396 billion(31 December 2016 est.)
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$27,050,000,000
Country Comparison :: Central bank discount rate
0.00
31 December 2017 est.
Central bank discount rate   (%)
0.00
Country Comparison :: Exports
$13,440,000,000
2017 est.
Exports
$13,440,000,000
Exports - partners
Finland 16.2%, Sweden 13.5%, Latvia 9.2%, Russia 7.3%, Germany 6.9%, Lithuania 5.9% (2017)
Area   (sq km)
total:45,228 sq kmland:42,388 sq kmwater:2,840 sq km note: includes 1,520 islands in the Baltic Sea
Land use
agricultural land:22.2%(2011 est.)arable land:14.9%(2011 est.) / permanent crops:0.1%(2011 est.) / permanent pasture:7.2%(2011 est.)forest:52.1%(2011 est.)other:25.7%(2011 est.)
Location
Eastern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea and Gulf of Finland, between Latvia and Russia
Country Comparison :: Imports
$14,420,000,000
2017 est.
Imports
$14,420,000,000
Imports - partners
Finland 14%, Germany 10.7%, Lithuania 8.9%, Sweden 8.5%, Latvia 8.2%, Poland 7.2%, Russia 6.7%, Netherlands 5.9%, China 4.7% (2017)
Country Comparison :: Inflation rate (consumer prices)
3.70
2017 est.
Inflation rate (consumer prices)   (%)
3.70
Country Comparison :: Electricity - production
11,550,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - consumption
8,795,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - exports
5,613,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - imports
3,577,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - production
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - exports
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - imports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - production
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - exports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - imports
481,400,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - fixed lines
362,117
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - mobile cellular
1,904,425
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Internet users
1,097,921
July 2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Broadband - fixed subscriptions
404,682
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Airports
18
2013
Country Comparison :: Railways
2,146
2016
Country Comparison :: Roadways
58,412
2011
Country Comparison :: Waterways
335
2011
Airports
18
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total:404,682(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:32(2017 est.)
Crude oil - exports   (bbl/day)
0
Crude oil - imports   (bbl/day)
0 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Crude oil - production   (bbl/day)
0 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Electricity - consumption   (kWh)
8,795,000,000
Electricity - exports   (kWh)
5,613,000,000
Electricity - imports   (kWh)
3,577,000,000
Electricity - production   (kWh)
11,550,000,000
Internet users
total: 1,097,921 (July 2016 est.)
Natural gas - exports   (cu m)
0
Natural gas - imports   (cu m)
481.4 million cu m(2017 est.)
Natural gas - production   (cu m)
0 cu m(2017 est.)
Railways   (km)
total:2,146 km(2016)broad gauge:2,146 km1.520-m and 1.524-m gauge (132 km electrified)(2016) note: includes 1,510 km public and 636 km non-public railway
Roadways   (km)
58,412
Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions:362,117(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:29(2017 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
1,904,425
Waterways   (km)
335
Disputes - international
Russia and Estonia in May 2005 signed a technical border agreement, but Russia in June 2005 recalled its signature after the Estonian parliament added to its domestic ratification act a historical preamble referencing the Soviet occupation and Estonia's pre-war borders under the 1920 Treaty of Tartu; Russia contends that the preamble allows Estonia to make territorial claims on Russia in the future, while Estonian officials deny that the preamble has any legal impact on the treaty text; Russia demands better treatment of the Russian-speaking population in Estonia; as a member state that forms part of the EU's external border, Estonia implements strict Schengen border rules with Russia
Country Comparison :: Public debt
9.00
2017 est.
Public debt   (% of GDP)
9.00
Country Comparison :: GDP - real growth rate
4.90
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Gross national saving
27.00
2017 est.
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)   (% (of GDP))
-0.3% (of GDP)(2017 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$41,650,000,000
Industrial production growth rate   (%)
9.50

Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Estland
1 820 215 000 EUR
1 335 555 000 EUR
-26.63 %
Bekleidung
Estland
48 040 000 EUR
49 061 000 EUR
2.13 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Estland
169 239 000 EUR
154 970 000 EUR
-8.43 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Estland
199 774 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Estland
174 645 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Energieversorgung
Estland
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Estland
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erze
Estland
69 000 EUR
0 EUR
-100.00 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Estland
9 858 000 EUR
8 958 000 EUR
-9.13 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Estland
796 000 EUR
668 000 EUR
-16.08 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Estland
1 117 000 EUR
391 000 EUR
-65.00 %
Getränke
Estland
17 135 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Estland
39 899 000 EUR
36 863 000 EUR
-7.61 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Estland
79 215 000 EUR
76 925 000 EUR
-2.89 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Estland
16 648 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kohle
Estland
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Estland
8 363 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Estland
239 585 000 EUR
203 576 000 EUR
-15.03 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Estland
28 974 000 EUR
25 886 000 EUR
-10.66 %
Maschinen
Estland
290 030 000 EUR
262 497 000 EUR
-9.49 %
Metalle
Estland
76 312 000 EUR
68 128 000 EUR
-10.72 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Estland
70 239 000 EUR
68 247 000 EUR
-2.84 %
Möbel
Estland
10 957 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Estland
87 342 000 EUR
80 864 000 EUR
-7.42 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Estland
20 808 000 EUR
19 154 000 EUR
-7.95 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Estland
41 771 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Estland
21 293 000 EUR
110 655 000 EUR
419.68 %
Sonstige Waren
Estland
140 973 000 EUR
141 333 000 EUR
0.26 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbauerzeugnisse
Estland
811 000 EUR
1 772 000 EUR
118.50 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Estland
948 000 EUR
1 349 000 EUR
42.30 %
Textilien
Estland
25 374 000 EUR
24 258 000 EUR
-4.40 %