Finnland - Daten & Fakten

Daten & Fakten
Flagge: Finnland Finnland
Hauptstadt
name: Helsinki geographic coordinates: 60 10 N, 24 56 E time difference: UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time) daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October etymology: the name may derive from the Swedish "helsing," an archaic name for "neck" ("hals"), and which may refer to a narrowing of the Vantaa River that flows into the Gulf of Finland at Helsinki; "fors" refers to "rapids," so "helsing fors" meaning becomes "the narrows' rapids"
Staatsbürgerschaft
citizenship by birth: no citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Finland dual citizenship recognized: yes residency requirement for naturalization: 6 years
Government type
parliamentary republic
Legal system
civil law system based on the Swedish model
Suffrage
18 years of age; universal
Country Comparison :: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
20.1
est.
Country Comparison :: GDP - per capita (PPP)
$44,500
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Labor force
2,473,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Unemployment rate
8.50
2017 est.
Labor force
2,473,000
Unemployment rate   (%)
8.5%(2017 est.)8.8%(2016 est.)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24   (%)
total:20.1%male:20.9%female:19.3%(2017 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years:16.44%(male 465,298 /female 445,186)15-24 years:11.21%(male 317,500 /female 303,326)25-54 years:37.64%(male 1,064,751 /female 1,019,748)55-64 years:13.19%(male 359,434 /female 370,993)65 years and over:21.51%(male 519,775 /female 671,353)(2018 est.)
Birth rate   (births/1,000 population)
10.7 births/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Death rate   (deaths/1,000 population)
10.10
Languages
Finnish (official) 87.9%, Swedish (official) 5.2%, Russian 1.4%, other 5.5% (2017 est.)
Life expectancy at birth   (years)
81.10
Major urban areas - population
1.279 million HELSINKI (capital) (2018)
Median age   (years)
total:42.6 yearsmale:41 yearsfemale:44.3 years(2018 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
28.8 years (2015 est.)
Net migration rate
2.8 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Population distribution
the vast majority of people are found in the south; the northern interior areas remain sparsely poplulated
Population growth rate   (%)
0.33%(2018 est.)
Total fertility rate   (children born/woman)
1.75 children born/woman(2018 est.)
Urbanization
rate of urbanization: 0.42% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Education expenditures   (% of GDP)
7.10
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
female: 20 years (2016)
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$135,200,000,000
31 December 2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$185,600,000,000
31 December 2017 est.
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$185.6 billion(31 December 2017 est.)$116.7 billion(2016 est.)
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$135,200,000,000
Country Comparison :: Central bank discount rate
1.25
31 December 2017
Central bank discount rate   (%)
1.25
Country Comparison :: Exports
$67,730,000,000
2017 est.
Exports
$67,730,000,000
Exports - partners
Germany 14.2%, Sweden 10.1%, US 7%, Netherlands 6.8%, China 5.7%, Russia 5.7%, UK 4.5% (2017)
Area   (sq km)
total:338,145 sq kmland:303,815 sq kmwater:34,330 sq km
Land use
agricultural land:7.5%(2011 est.)arable land:7.4%(2011 est.) / permanent crops:0%(2011 est.) / permanent pasture:0.1%(2011 est.)forest:72.9%(2011 est.)other:19.6%(2011 est.)
Location
Northern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea, Gulf of Bothnia, and Gulf of Finland, between Sweden and Russia
Country Comparison :: Imports
$65,260,000,000
2017 est.
Imports
$65,260,000,000
Imports - partners
Germany 17.7%, Sweden 15.8%, Russia 13.1%, Netherlands 8.7% (2017)
Country Comparison :: Inflation rate (consumer prices)
0.80
2017 est.
Inflation rate (consumer prices)   (%)
0.80
Country Comparison :: Electricity - production
66,540,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - consumption
82,790,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - exports
3,159,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - imports
22,110,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - production
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - exports
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - imports
236,700
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - production
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - exports
4,000,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - imports
2,322,000,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - fixed lines
378,200
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - mobile cellular
7,307,800
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Internet users
4,822,132
July 2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Broadband - fixed subscriptions
1,709,400
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Airports
148
2013
Country Comparison :: Railways
5,926
2016
Country Comparison :: Roadways
454,000
2012
Country Comparison :: Waterways
8,000
2013
Airports
148
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total:1,709,400(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:31(2017 est.)
Crude oil - exports   (bbl/day)
0
Crude oil - imports   (bbl/day)
236,700 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Crude oil - production   (bbl/day)
0 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Electricity - consumption   (kWh)
82,790,000,000
Electricity - exports   (kWh)
3,159,000,000
Electricity - imports   (kWh)
22,110,000,000
Electricity - production   (kWh)
66,540,000,000
Internet users
total: 4,822,132 (July 2016 est.)
Natural gas - exports   (cu m)
4,000,000
Natural gas - imports   (cu m)
2.322 billion cu m(2017 est.)
Natural gas - production   (cu m)
0 cu m(2017 est.)
Railways   (km)
total:5,926 km(2016)broad gauge:5,926 km1.524-m gauge (3,270 km electrified)(2016)
Roadways   (km)
454,000
Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions:378,200(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:7(2017 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
7,307,800
Waterways   (km)
8,000
Disputes - international
various groups in Finland advocate restoration of Karelia and other areas ceded to the former Soviet Union, but the Finnish Government asserts no territorial demands
Country Comparison :: Public debt
61.30
2017 est.
Public debt   (% of GDP)
61.30
Country Comparison :: GDP - real growth rate
2.80
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Gross national saving
23.30
2017 est.
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)   (% (of GDP))
-0.6% (of GDP)(2017 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$244,900,000,000
Industrial production growth rate   (%)
6.20

Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Finnland
11 109 456 000 EUR
11 064 690 000 EUR
-0.40 %
Bekleidung
Finnland
163 062 000 EUR
172 893 000 EUR
6.03 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Finnland
952 351 000 EUR
936 019 000 EUR
-1.71 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Finnland
1 046 864 000 EUR
1 011 100 000 EUR
-3.42 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Finnland
726 621 000 EUR
744 681 000 EUR
2.49 %
Energieversorgung
Finnland
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Finnland
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erze
Finnland
164 000 EUR
239 000 EUR
45.73 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Finnland
128 152 000 EUR
122 563 000 EUR
-4.36 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Finnland
39 000 EUR
39 000 EUR
0.00 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Finnland
300 000 EUR
2 418 000 EUR
706.00 %
Getränke
Finnland
64 996 000 EUR
55 588 000 EUR
-14.47 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Finnland
153 030 000 EUR
149 027 000 EUR
-2.62 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Finnland
411 820 000 EUR
396 047 000 EUR
-3.83 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Finnland
47 614 000 EUR
46 604 000 EUR
-2.12 %
Kohle
Finnland
21 000 EUR
14 000 EUR
-33.33 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Finnland
67 917 000 EUR
68 294 000 EUR
0.56 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Finnland
2 483 915 000 EUR
2 370 890 000 EUR
-4.55 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Finnland
57 017 000 EUR
64 733 000 EUR
13.53 %
Maschinen
Finnland
1 650 005 000 EUR
1 785 030 000 EUR
8.18 %
Metalle
Finnland
529 097 000 EUR
475 919 000 EUR
-10.05 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Finnland
508 659 000 EUR
438 185 000 EUR
-13.85 %
Möbel
Finnland
86 200 000 EUR
107 674 000 EUR
24.91 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Finnland
578 803 000 EUR
572 134 000 EUR
-1.15 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Finnland
111 461 000 EUR
102 267 000 EUR
-8.25 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Finnland
385 437 000 EUR
437 773 000 EUR
13.58 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Finnland
157 402 000 EUR
109 325 000 EUR
-30.54 %
Sonstige Waren
Finnland
667 362 000 EUR
772 274 000 EUR
15.72 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbauerzeugnisse
Finnland
11 200 000 EUR
10 961 000 EUR
-2.13 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Finnland
12 434 000 EUR
11 155 000 EUR
-10.29 %
Textilien
Finnland
107 513 000 EUR
100 844 000 EUR
-6.20 %