Ghana - Daten & Fakten

Daten & Fakten
Flagge: Ghana Ghana
Hauptstadt
name: Accra geographic coordinates: 5 33 N, 0 13 W time difference: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time) etymology: the name derives from the Akan word "nkran" meaning "ants," and refers to the numerous anthills in the area around the capital
Staatsbürgerschaft
citizenship by birth: no citizenship by descent only: at least one parent or grandparent must be a citizen of Ghana dual citizenship recognized: yes residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years
Regierungstyp
presidential republic
Rechtsordnung
mixed system of English common law and customary law
Wahlrecht
18 years of age; universal
Country Comparison :: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
15.2
est.
Country Comparison :: GDP - per capita (PPP)
$4,700
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Labor force
12,490,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Unemployment rate
11.90
2015 est.
Labor force
12,490,000
Population below poverty line
24.2%(2013 est.)
Unemployment rate   (%)
11.9%(2015 est.)5.2%(2013 est.)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24   (%)
total:15.2%male:15.8%female:14.6%(2015 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years:37.83%(male 5,344,146 /female 5,286,383)15-24 years:18.61%(male 2,600,390 /female 2,629,660)25-54 years:34.21%(male 4,663,234 /female 4,950,888)55-64 years:5.05%(male 690,327 /female 727,957)65 years and over:4.3%(male 557,155 /female 652,331)(2018 est.)
Birth rate   (births/1,000 population)
30.2 births/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Death rate   (deaths/1,000 population)
6.80
Languages
Asante 16%, Ewe 14%, Fante 11.6%, Boron (Brong) 4.9%, Dagomba 4.4%, Dangme 4.2%, Dagarte (Dagaba) 3.9%, Kokomba 3.5%, Akyem 3.2%, Ga 3.1%, other 31.2% (2010 est.) note: English is the official language
Life expectancy at birth   (years)
67.40
Major urban areas - population
3.065 million Kumasi, 2.439 million ACCRA (capital), 855,000 Sekondi Takoradi (2018)
Median age   (years)
total:21.2 yearsmale:20.7 yearsfemale:21.7 years(2018 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
22.3 years (2017 est.)
Net migration rate   (migrant(s)/1,000 population)
-1.7 migrant(s)/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Population distribution
population is concentrated in the southern half of the country, with the highest concentrations being on or near the Atlantic coast
Population growth rate   (%)
2.16%(2018 est.)
Total fertility rate   (children born/woman)
3.96 children born/woman(2018 est.)
Urbanization
rate of urbanization: 3.34% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Education expenditures   (% of GDP)
4.50
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
female: 11 years (2017)
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$19,850,000,000
31 December 2013 est.
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$16,620,000,000
31 December 2013 est.
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$16.62 billion(31 December 2013 est.)$109 million(31 December 2012 est.)
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$19,850,000,000
Country Comparison :: Central bank discount rate
20.00
31 December 2017
Central bank discount rate   (%)
20.00
Country Comparison :: Exports
$13,840,000,000
2017 est.
Exports
$13,840,000,000
Exports - partners
India 23.8%, UAE 13.4%, China 10.8%, Switzerland 10.1%, Vietnam 5.2%, Burkina Faso 4% (2017)
Area   (sq km)
total:238,533 sq kmland:227,533 sq kmwater:11,000 sq km
Land use
agricultural land:69.1%(2011 est.)arable land:20.7%(2011 est.) / permanent crops:11.9%(2011 est.) / permanent pasture:36.5%(2011 est.)forest:21.2%(2011 est.)other:9.7%(2011 est.)
Location
Western Africa, bordering the Gulf of Guinea, between Cote d'Ivoire and Togo
Country Comparison :: Imports
$12,650,000,000
2017 est.
Imports
$12,650,000,000
Imports - partners
China 16.8%, US 8%, UK 6.2%, Belgium 5.9%, India 4.1% (2017)
Country Comparison :: Inflation rate (consumer prices)
12.40
2017 est.
Inflation rate (consumer prices)   (%)
12.40
Country Comparison :: Electricity - production
12,520,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - consumption
9,363,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - exports
187,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - imports
511,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - production
151,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - exports
104,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - imports
6,220
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - production
914,400,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - exports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - imports
317,400,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - fixed lines
301,551
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - mobile cellular
36,751,761
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Internet users
9,328,018
July 2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Broadband - fixed subscriptions
56,810
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Airports
10
2013
Country Comparison :: Railways
947
2014
Country Comparison :: Roadways
109,515
2009
Country Comparison :: Waterways
1,293
2011
Airports
10
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total:56,810(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:less than 1(2017 est.)
Crude oil - exports   (bbl/day)
104,000
Crude oil - imports   (bbl/day)
6,220 bbl/day(2015 est.)
Crude oil - production   (bbl/day)
151,000 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Electricity - consumption   (kWh)
9,363,000,000
Electricity - exports   (kWh)
187,000,000
Electricity - imports   (kWh)
511,000,000
Electricity - production   (kWh)
12,520,000,000
Internet users
total: 9,328,018 (July 2016 est.)
Natural gas - exports   (cu m)
0
Natural gas - imports   (cu m)
317.4 million cu m(2017 est.)
Natural gas - production   (cu m)
914.4 million cu m(2017 est.)
Railways   (km)
total:947 km(2014)narrow gauge:947 km1.067-m gauge(2014)
Roadways   (km)
109,515
Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions:301,551(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:1(2017 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
36,751,761
Waterways   (km)
1,293
Disputes - international
disputed maritime border between Ghana and Cote d'Ivoire
Country Comparison :: Public debt
71.80
2017 est.
Public debt   (% of GDP)
71.80
Country Comparison :: GDP - real growth rate
8.40
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Gross national saving
9.00
2017 est.
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)   (% (of GDP))
-6% (of GDP)(2017 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$134,000,000,000
Industrial production growth rate   (%)
16.70

Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Ghana
239 744 000 EUR
0 EUR

Bekleidung
Ghana
6 628 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Ghana
27 958 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Ghana
17 380 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Ghana
11 365 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Energieversorgung
Ghana
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Ghana
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erze
Ghana
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Ghana
217 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Ghana
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Ghana
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Getränke
Ghana
9 103 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Ghana
2 822 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Ghana
7 951 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Ghana
225 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kohle
Ghana
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Ghana
3 855 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Ghana
25 683 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Ghana
301 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Maschinen
Ghana
67 589 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Metalle
Ghana
1 681 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Ghana
5 001 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Möbel
Ghana
3 392 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Ghana
28 062 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Ghana
3 884 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Ghana
6 348 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Ghana
495 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Sonstige Waren
Ghana
7 662 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbauerzeugnisse
Ghana
172 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Ghana
3 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Textilien
Ghana
1 967 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %