Griechenland - Daten & Fakten

Daten & Fakten
Flagge: Griechenland Griechenland
Hauptstadt
name: Athens geographic coordinates: 37 59 N, 23 44 E time difference: UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time) daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October etymology: according to tradition, the city is named after Athena, the Greek goddess of wisdom; in actuality, the appellation probably derives from a lost name in a pre-Hellenic language
Staatsbürgerschaft
citizenship by birth: no citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Greece dual citizenship recognized: yes residency requirement for naturalization: 10 years
Government type
parliamentary republic
Legal system
civil legal system based on Roman law
Suffrage
17 years of age; universal and compulsory
Country Comparison :: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
43.6
est.
Country Comparison :: GDP - per capita (PPP)
$27,800
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Labor force
4,769,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Unemployment rate
21.50
2017 est.
Labor force
4,769,000
Population below poverty line
36%(2014 est.)
Unemployment rate   (%)
21.5%(2017 est.)23.6%(2016 est.)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24   (%)
total:43.6%male:39.3%female:48.2%(2017 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years:13.72%(male 760,615 /female 716,054)15-24 years:9.68%(male 531,957 /female 509,671)25-54 years:42.18%(male 2,259,672 /female 2,279,464)55-64 years:13.28%(male 699,205 /female 729,655)65 years and over:21.14%(male 997,359 /female 1,277,871)(2018 est.)
Birth rate   (births/1,000 population)
8.3 births/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Death rate   (deaths/1,000 population)
11.40
Languages
Greek (official) 99%, other (includes English and French) 1%
Life expectancy at birth   (years)
80.80
Major urban areas - population
3.156 million ATHENS (capital), 811,000 Thessaloniki (2018)
Median age   (years)
total:44.9 yearsmale:43.8 yearsfemale:45.9 years(2018 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
29.8 years (2014 est.)
Net migration rate
2.3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Population distribution
one-third of the population lives in and around metropolitan Athens; the remainder of the country has moderate population density mixed with sizeable urban clusters
Population growth rate   (%)
-0.07%(2018 est.)
Total fertility rate   (children born/woman)
1.44 children born/woman(2018 est.)
Urbanization
rate of urbanization: 0.22% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Education expenditures
NA
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
female: 18 years (2016)
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$35,480,000,000
31 December 2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$29,640,000,000
31 December 2017 est.
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$29.64 billion(31 December 2017 est.)$32.91 billion(31 December 2016 est.)
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$35,480,000,000
Country Comparison :: Central bank discount rate
0.05
31 March 2016
Central bank discount rate   (%)
0.05
Country Comparison :: Exports
$31,540,000,000
2017 est.
Exports
$31,540,000,000
Exports - partners
Italy 10.6%, Germany 7.1%, Turkey 6.8%, Cyprus 6.5%, Bulgaria 4.9%, Lebanon 4.3% (2017)
Area   (sq km)
total:131,957 sq kmland:130,647 sq kmwater:1,310 sq km
Land use
agricultural land:63.4%(2011 est.)arable land:19.7%(2011 est.) / permanent crops:8.9%(2011 est.) / permanent pasture:34.8%(2011 est.)forest:30.5%(2011 est.)other:6.1%(2011 est.)
Location
Southern Europe, bordering the Aegean Sea, Ionian Sea, and the Mediterranean Sea, between Albania and Turkey
Country Comparison :: Imports
$52,270,000,000
2017 est.
Imports
$52,270,000,000
Imports - partners
Germany 10.4%, Italy 8.2%, Russia 6.8%, Iraq 6.3%, South Korea 6.1%, China 5.4%, Netherlands 5.3%, France 4.3% (2017)
Country Comparison :: Inflation rate (consumer prices)
1.10
2017 est.
Inflation rate (consumer prices)   (%)
1.10
Country Comparison :: Electricity - production
52,050,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - consumption
56,890,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - exports
1,037,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - imports
9,833,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - production
2,753
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - exports
3,229
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - imports
484,300
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - production
8,000,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - exports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - imports
4,984,000,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - fixed lines
5,176,475
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - mobile cellular
12,937,106
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Internet users
7,443,016
July 2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Broadband - fixed subscriptions
3,778,263
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Airports
77
2013
Country Comparison :: Railways
2,548
2014
Country Comparison :: Waterways
6
2012
Airports
77
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total:3,778,263(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:35(2017 est.)
Crude oil - exports   (bbl/day)
3,229
Crude oil - imports   (bbl/day)
484,300 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Crude oil - production   (bbl/day)
2,753 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Electricity - consumption   (kWh)
56,890,000,000
Electricity - exports   (kWh)
1,037,000,000
Electricity - imports   (kWh)
9,833,000,000
Electricity - production   (kWh)
52,050,000,000
Internet users
total: 7,443,016 (July 2016 est.)
Natural gas - exports   (cu m)
0
Natural gas - imports   (cu m)
4.984 billion cu m(2017 est.)
Natural gas - production   (cu m)
8 million cu m(2017 est.)
Railways   (km)
total:2,548 km(2014)standard gauge:1,565 km1.435-m gauge (764 km electrified)(2014)narrow gauge:961 km1.000-m gauge(2014) 22 0.750-m gauge
Roadways

Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions:5,176,475(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:48(2017 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
12,937,106
Waterways   (km)
6
Disputes - international
Greece and Turkey continue discussions to resolve their complex maritime, air, territorial, and boundary disputes in the Aegean Sea; the mass migration of unemployed Albanians still remains a problem for developed countries, chiefly Greece and Italy
Country Comparison :: Public debt
181.80
2017 est.
Public debt   (% of GDP)
181.80
Country Comparison :: GDP - real growth rate
1.40
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Gross national saving
10.90
2017 est.
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)   (% (of GDP))
0.8% (of GDP)(2017 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$299,300,000,000
Industrial production growth rate   (%)
3.50

Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Griechenland
5 747 940 000 EUR
6 072 894 000 EUR
5.65 %
Bekleidung
Griechenland
91 101 000 EUR
101 438 000 EUR
11.35 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Griechenland
738 666 000 EUR
1 016 707 000 EUR
37.64 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Griechenland
449 528 000 EUR
473 411 000 EUR
5.31 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Griechenland
258 118 000 EUR
248 351 000 EUR
-3.78 %
Energieversorgung
Griechenland
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Griechenland
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erze
Griechenland
48 000 EUR
122 000 EUR
154.17 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Griechenland
59 744 000 EUR
59 499 000 EUR
-0.41 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Griechenland
81 000 EUR
60 000 EUR
-25.93 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Griechenland
420 000 EUR
348 000 EUR
-17.14 %
Getränke
Griechenland
24 919 000 EUR
23 811 000 EUR
-4.45 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Griechenland
37 345 000 EUR
37 181 000 EUR
-0.44 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Griechenland
212 034 000 EUR
200 415 000 EUR
-5.48 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Griechenland
10 244 000 EUR
9 268 000 EUR
-9.53 %
Kohle
Griechenland
18 000 EUR
17 000 EUR
-5.56 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Griechenland
24 055 000 EUR
23 405 000 EUR
-2.70 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Griechenland
470 209 000 EUR
457 433 000 EUR
-2.72 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Griechenland
58 530 000 EUR
65 164 000 EUR
11.33 %
Maschinen
Griechenland
705 340 000 EUR
687 323 000 EUR
-2.55 %
Metalle
Griechenland
226 914 000 EUR
166 879 000 EUR
-26.46 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Griechenland
221 440 000 EUR
138 376 000 EUR
-37.51 %
Möbel
Griechenland
16 539 000 EUR
16 670 000 EUR
0.79 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Griechenland
688 475 000 EUR
726 555 000 EUR
5.53 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Griechenland
120 592 000 EUR
131 998 000 EUR
9.46 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Griechenland
838 343 000 EUR
819 608 000 EUR
-2.23 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Griechenland
79 403 000 EUR
115 490 000 EUR
45.45 %
Sonstige Waren
Griechenland
344 562 000 EUR
477 139 000 EUR
38.48 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbauerzeugnisse
Griechenland
6 017 000 EUR
4 008 000 EUR
-33.39 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Griechenland
34 366 000 EUR
41 049 000 EUR
19.45 %
Textilien
Griechenland
30 889 000 EUR
31 169 000 EUR
0.91 %