Indonesien - Daten & Fakten

Daten & Fakten
Flagge: Indonesien Indonesien
Hauptstadt
name: Jakarta geographic coordinates: 6 10 S, 106 49 E time difference: UTC+7 (12 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time) note: Indonesia has three time zonesetymology: "Jakarta" derives from the Sanscrit "Jayakarta" meaning "victorious city" and refers to a successful defeat and expulsion of the Portuguese in 1527; previously the port had been named "Sunda Kelapa"
Staatsbürgerschaft
citizenship by birth: no citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Indonesia dual citizenship recognized: no residency requirement for naturalization: 5 continuous years
Regierungstyp
presidential republic
Rechtsordnung
civil law system based on the Roman-Dutch model and influenced by customary law
Wahlrecht
17 years of age; universal and married persons regardless of age
Country Comparison :: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
15.6
est.
Country Comparison :: GDP - per capita (PPP)
$12,400
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Labor force
125,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Unemployment rate
5.40
2017 est.
Labor force
125,000,000
Population below poverty line
10.9%(2016 est.)
Unemployment rate   (%)
5.4%(2017 est.)5.6%(2016 est.)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24   (%)
total:15.6%male:15.6%female:15.6%(2017 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years:24.63%(male 32,967,727 /female 31,757,882)15-24 years:16.94%(male 22,661,264 /female 21,852,006)25-54 years:42.44%(male 57,097,131 /female 54,433,239)55-64 years:8.73%(male 10,447,365 /female 12,494,036)65 years and over:7.26%(male 8,326,858 /female 10,749,895)(2018 est.)
Birth rate   (births/1,000 population)
15.9 births/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Death rate   (deaths/1,000 population)
6.50
Languages
Bahasa Indonesia (official, modified form of Malay), English, Dutch, local dialects (of which the most widely spoken is Javanese) note: more than 700 languages are used in Indonesia
Life expectancy at birth   (years)
73.20
Major urban areas - population
10.517 million JAKARTA (capital), 3.159 million Bekasi, 2.903 million Surabaya, 2.538 million Bandung, 2.285 million Medan, 2.222 million Tangerang (2018)
Median age   (years)
total:30.5 yearsmale:29.9 yearsfemale:31.1 years(2018 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
22.8 years (2012 est.)
Net migration rate
-1.1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Population distribution
major concentration on the island of Java, which is considered one of the most densely populated places on earth; of the outer islands (those surrounding Java and Bali), Sumatra contains some of the most significant clusters, particularly in the south near the Selat Sunda, and along the northeastern coast near Medan; the cities of Makasar (Sulawesi), Banjarmasin (Kalimantan) are also heavily populated
Population growth rate   (%)
0.83%(2018 est.)
Total fertility rate   (children born/woman)
2.08 children born/woman(2018 est.)
Urbanization
rate of urbanization: 2.27% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Education expenditures   (% of GDP)
3.60
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
female: 13 years (2017)
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$251,500,000,000
31 December 2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$20,500,000,000
31 December 2017 est.
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$20.5 billion(31 December 2017 est.)$18.42 billion(31 December 2016 est.)
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$251,500,000,000
Country Comparison :: Central bank discount rate
6.37
31 December 2010
Central bank discount rate   (%)
6.37
Country Comparison :: Exports
$168,900,000,000
2017 est.
Exports
$168,900,000,000
Exports - partners
China 13.6%, US 10.6%, Japan 10.5%, India 8.4%, Singapore 7.6%, Malaysia 5.1%, South Korea 4.8% (2017)
Area   (sq km)
total:1,904,569 sq kmland:1,811,569 sq kmwater:93,000 sq km
Land use
agricultural land:31.2%(2011 est.)arable land:13%(2011 est.) / permanent crops:12.1%(2011 est.) / permanent pasture:6.1%(2011 est.)forest:51.7%(2011 est.)other:17.1%(2011 est.)
Location
Southeastern Asia, archipelago between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean
Country Comparison :: Imports
$150,100,000,000
2017 est.
Imports
$150,100,000,000
Imports - partners
China 23.2%, Singapore 10.9%, Japan 10%, Thailand 6%, Malaysia 5.6%, South Korea 5.3%, US 5.2% (2017)
Country Comparison :: Inflation rate (consumer prices)
3.80
2017 est.
Inflation rate (consumer prices)   (%)
3.80
Country Comparison :: Electricity - production
235,400,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - consumption
213,400,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - exports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - imports
693,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - production
801,700
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - exports
302,300
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - imports
498,500
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - production
72,090,000,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - exports
29,780,000,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - imports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - fixed lines
11,172,021
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - mobile cellular
458,923,202
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Internet users
65,525,226
July 2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Broadband - fixed subscriptions
6,044,712
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Airports
673
2013
Country Comparison :: Railways
8,159
2014
Country Comparison :: Roadways
496,607
2011
Country Comparison :: Waterways
21,579
2011
Airports
673
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total:6,044,712(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:2(2017 est.)
Crude oil - exports   (bbl/day)
302,300
Crude oil - imports   (bbl/day)
498,500 bbl/day(2015 est.)
Crude oil - production   (bbl/day)
801,700 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Electricity - consumption   (kWh)
213,400,000,000
Electricity - exports   (kWh)
0
Electricity - imports   (kWh)
693,000,000
Electricity - production   (kWh)
235,400,000,000
Internet users
total: 65,525,226 (July 2016 est.)
Natural gas - exports   (cu m)
29,780,000,000
Natural gas - imports   (cu m)
0 cu m(2017 est.)
Natural gas - production   (cu m)
72.09 billion cu m(2017 est.)
Railways   (km)
total:8,159 km(2014)narrow gauge:8,159 km1.067-m gauge (565 km electrified)(2014) note: 4,816 km operational
Roadways   (km)
496,607
Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions:11,172,021(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:4(2017 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
458,923,202
Waterways   (km)
21,579
Disputes - international
Indonesia has a stated foreign policy objective of establishing stable fixed land and maritime boundaries with all of its neighbors; three stretches of land borders with Timor-Leste have yet to be delimited, two of which are in the Oecussi exclave area, and no maritime or Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) boundaries have been established between the countries; all borders between Indonesia and Australia have been agreed upon bilaterally, but a 1997 treaty that would settle the last of their maritime and EEZ boundary has yet to be ratified by Indonesia's legislature; Indonesian groups challenge Australia's claim to Ashmore Reef; Australia has closed parts of the Ashmore and Cartier Reserve to Indonesian traditional fishing and placed restrictions on certain catches; land and maritime negotiations with Malaysia are ongoing, and disputed areas include the controversial Tanjung Datu and Camar Wulan border area in Borneo and the maritime boundary in the Ambalat oil block in the Celebes Sea; Indonesia and Singapore continue to work on finalizing their 1973 maritime boundary agreement by defining unresolved areas north of Indonesia's Batam Island; Indonesian secessionists, squatters, and illegal migrants create repatriation problems for Papua New Guinea; maritime delimitation talks continue with Palau; EEZ negotiations with Vietnam are ongoing, and the two countries in Fall 2011 agreed to work together to reduce illegal fishing along their maritime boundary
Country Comparison :: Public debt
28.80
2017 est.
Public debt   (% of GDP)
28.80
Country Comparison :: GDP - real growth rate
5.10
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Gross national saving
31.70
2017 est.
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)   (% (of GDP))
-2.7% (of GDP)(2017 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$3,250,000,000,000
Industrial production growth rate   (%)
4.10

Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Indonesien
2 766 322 000 EUR
0 EUR

Bekleidung
Indonesien
3 762 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Indonesien
412 207 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Indonesien
238 807 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Indonesien
188 547 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Energieversorgung
Indonesien
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Indonesien
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erze
Indonesien
62 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Indonesien
11 419 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Indonesien
26 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Indonesien
1 396 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Getränke
Indonesien
1 636 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Indonesien
17 082 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Indonesien
55 195 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Indonesien
9 536 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kohle
Indonesien
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Indonesien
5 432 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Indonesien
124 598 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Indonesien
11 110 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Maschinen
Indonesien
877 169 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Metalle
Indonesien
53 470 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Indonesien
66 765 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Möbel
Indonesien
4 791 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Indonesien
97 689 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Indonesien
66 156 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Indonesien
102 967 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Indonesien
229 181 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Sonstige Waren
Indonesien
141 663 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbauerzeugnisse
Indonesien
2 205 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Indonesien
10 923 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Textilien
Indonesien
32 528 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %