Israel - Daten & Fakten

Daten & Fakten
Flagge: Israel Israel
Hauptstadt
name: Jerusalem; note - the US recognized Jerusalem as Israel’s capital in December 2017 without taking a position on the specific boundaries of Israeli sovereignty geographic coordinates: 31 46 N, 35 14 E time difference: UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time) daylight saving time: +1hr, Friday before the last Sunday in March; ends the last Sunday in October etymology: Jerusalem's settlement may date back to 2800 B.C.; it is named Urushalim in Egyptian texts of the 14th century B.C.; "uru-shalim" likely means "foundation of [by] the god Shalim", and derives from Hebrew/Semitic "yry", "to found or lay a cornerstone", and Shalim, the Canaanite god of dusk and the nether world; Shalim was associated with sunset and peace and the name is based on the same S-L-M root from which Semitic words for "peace" are derived (Salam or Shalom in modern Arabic and Hebrew); this confluence has thus led to naming interpretations such as "The City of Peace" or "The Abode of Peace"
Staatsbürgerschaft
citizenship by birth: no citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Israel dual citizenship recognized: yes, but naturalized citizens are not allowed to maintain dual citizenship residency requirement for naturalization: 3 out of the 5 years preceding the application for naturalization note: Israeli law (Law of Return, 5 July 1950) provides for the granting of citizenship to any Jew - defined as a person being born to a Jewish mother or having converted to Judaism while renouncing any other religion - who immigrates to and expresses a desire to settle in Israel on the basis of the Right of aliyah; the 1970 amendment of this act extended the right to family members including the spouse of a Jew, any child or grandchild, and the spouses of children and grandchildren
Government type
parliamentary democracy
Legal system
mixed legal system of English common law, British Mandate regulations, and Jewish, Christian, and Muslim religious laws
Suffrage
18 years of age; universal; 17 years of age for municipal elections
Country Comparison :: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
7.3
est.
Country Comparison :: GDP - per capita (PPP)
$36,400
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Labor force
4,021,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Unemployment rate
4.20
2017 est.
Labor force
4,021,000
Population below poverty line
22%(2014 est.)(2014 est.) note: Israel's poverty line is $7.30 per person per day
Unemployment rate   (%)
4.2%(2017 est.)4.8%(2016 est.)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24   (%)
total:7.3%male:6.7%female:7.8%(2017 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years:27.26%(male 1,175,106 /female 1,121,309)15-24 years:15.58%(male 670,121 /female 642,155)25-54 years:37.19%(male 1,601,516 /female 1,531,849)55-64 years:8.42%(male 350,050 /female 359,578)65 years and over:11.55%(male 437,511 /female 535,709)(2018 est.)
Birth rate   (births/1,000 population)
17.9 births/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Death rate   (deaths/1,000 population)
5.20
Languages
Hebrew (official), Arabic (used officially for Arab minority), English (most commonly used foreign language)
Life expectancy at birth   (years)
82.70
Major urban areas - population
4.011 million Tel Aviv-Yafo, 1.135 million Haifa, 907,000 JERUSALEM (proclaimed capital) (2018)
Median age   (years)
total:30.1 yearsmale:29.5 yearsfemale:30.7 years(2018 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
27.6 years (2015 est.)
Net migration rate
2.1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Population distribution
population concentrated in and around Tel-Aviv, as well as around the Sea of Galilee; the south remains sparsely populated with the exception of the shore of the Gulf of Aqaba
Population growth rate   (%)
1.49%(2018 est.)
Total fertility rate   (children born/woman)
2.63 children born/woman(2018 est.)
Urbanization
rate of urbanization: 1.64% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Education expenditures   (% of GDP)
5.90
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
female: 17 years (2016)
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$129,100,000,000
31 December 2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$100,300,000,000
31 December 2017 est.
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$100.3 billion(31 December 2017 est.)$98.11 billion(31 December 2016 est.)
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$129,100,000,000
Country Comparison :: Central bank discount rate
0.10
15 December 2015
Central bank discount rate   (%)
0.10
Country Comparison :: Exports
$58,670,000,000
2017 est.
Exports
$58,670,000,000
Exports - partners
US 28.8%, UK 8.2%, Hong Kong 7%, China 5.4%, Belgium 4.5% (2017)
Area   (sq km)
total:21,937 sq kmland:21,497 sq kmwater:440 sq km
Land use
agricultural land:23.8%(2011 est.)arable land:13.7%(2011 est.) / permanent crops:3.8%(2011 est.) / permanent pasture:6.3%(2011 est.)forest:7.1%(2011 est.)other:69.1%(2011 est.)
Location
Middle East, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Egypt and Lebanon
Country Comparison :: Imports
$68,610,000,000
2017 est.
Imports
$68,610,000,000
Imports - partners
US 11.7%, China 9.5%, Switzerland 8%, Germany 6.8%, UK 6.2%, Belgium 5.9%, Netherlands 4.2%, Turkey 4.2%, Italy 4% (2017)
Country Comparison :: Inflation rate (consumer prices)
0.20
2017 est.
Inflation rate (consumer prices)   (%)
0.20
Country Comparison :: Electricity - production
63,090,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - consumption
55,000,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - exports
5,200,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - imports
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - production
390
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - exports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - imports
231,600
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - production
9,826,000,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - exports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - imports
509,700,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - fixed lines
3,240,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - mobile cellular
10,540,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Internet users
6,521,539
July 2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Broadband - fixed subscriptions
2,342,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Airports
47
2013
Country Comparison :: Railways
1,250
2014
Country Comparison :: Roadways
18,566
2011
Airports
47
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total:2.342 million(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:28(2017 est.)
Crude oil - exports   (bbl/day)
0
Crude oil - imports   (bbl/day)
231,600 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Crude oil - production   (bbl/day)
390 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Electricity - consumption   (kWh)
55,000,000,000
Electricity - exports   (kWh)
5,200,000,000
Electricity - imports   (kWh)
0
Electricity - production   (kWh)
63,090,000,000
Internet users
total: 6,521,539 (July 2016 est.)
Natural gas - exports   (cu m)
0
Natural gas - imports   (cu m)
509.7 million cu m(2017 est.)
Natural gas - production   (cu m)
9.826 billion cu m(2017 est.)
Railways   (km)
total:1,250 km(2014)standard gauge:1,250 km1.435-m gauge(2014)
Roadways   (km)
18,566
Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions:3.24 million(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:39(2017 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
10,540,000
Disputes - international
West Bank and Gaza Strip are Israeli-occupied with current status subject to the Israeli-Palestinian Interim Agreement - permanent status to be determined through further negotiation; Israel continues construction of a "seam line" separation barrier along parts of the Green Line and within the West Bank; Israel withdrew its settlers and military from the Gaza Strip and from four settlements in the West Bank in August 2005; Golan Heights is Israeli-controlled (Lebanon claims the Shab'a Farms area of Golan Heights); since 1948, about 350 peacekeepers from the UN Truce Supervision Organization headquartered in Jerusalem monitor ceasefires, supervise armistice agreements, prevent isolated incidents from escalating, and assist other UN personnel in the region
Country Comparison :: Public debt
60.90
2017 est.
Public debt   (% of GDP)
60.90
Country Comparison :: GDP - real growth rate
3.30
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Gross national saving
23.60
2017 est.
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)   (% (of GDP))
-2% (of GDP)(2017 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$317,100,000,000
Industrial production growth rate   (%)
3.50

Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Israel
4 573 090 000 EUR
4 665 681 000 EUR
2.02 %
Bekleidung
Israel
12 969 000 EUR
14 110 000 EUR
8.80 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Israel
534 633 000 EUR
555 362 000 EUR
3.88 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Israel
557 602 000 EUR
560 924 000 EUR
0.60 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Israel
350 406 000 EUR
376 257 000 EUR
7.38 %
Energieversorgung
Israel
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Israel
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erze
Israel
2 000 EUR
11 000 EUR
450.00 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Israel
31 299 000 EUR
11 002 000 EUR
-64.85 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Israel
17 000 EUR
1 000 EUR
-94.12 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Israel
148 000 EUR
77 000 EUR
-47.97 %
Getränke
Israel
28 048 000 EUR
28 557 000 EUR
1.81 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Israel
62 787 000 EUR
59 193 000 EUR
-5.72 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Israel
150 382 000 EUR
162 692 000 EUR
8.19 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Israel
30 157 000 EUR
29 531 000 EUR
-2.08 %
Kohle
Israel
4 000 EUR
0 EUR
-100.00 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Israel
10 883 000 EUR
14 564 000 EUR
33.82 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Israel
628 986 000 EUR
635 003 000 EUR
0.96 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Israel
12 061 000 EUR
14 087 000 EUR
16.80 %
Maschinen
Israel
735 085 000 EUR
738 531 000 EUR
0.47 %
Metalle
Israel
89 389 000 EUR
81 389 000 EUR
-8.95 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Israel
121 624 000 EUR
125 758 000 EUR
3.40 %
Möbel
Israel
23 313 000 EUR
23 724 000 EUR
1.76 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Israel
152 341 000 EUR
141 056 000 EUR
-7.41 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Israel
105 870 000 EUR
84 954 000 EUR
-19.76 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Israel
346 157 000 EUR
401 922 000 EUR
16.11 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Israel
309 271 000 EUR
319 604 000 EUR
3.34 %
Sonstige Waren
Israel
261 579 000 EUR
270 025 000 EUR
3.23 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbauerzeugnisse
Israel
1 488 000 EUR
1 407 000 EUR
-5.44 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Israel
3 549 000 EUR
2 193 000 EUR
-38.21 %
Textilien
Israel
13 040 000 EUR
13 747 000 EUR
5.42 %