Italien - Daten & Fakten

Daten & Fakten
Flagge: Italien Italien
Hauptstadt
name: Rome geographic coordinates: 41 54 N, 12 29 E time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time) daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October etymology: by tradition, named after Romulus, one of the legendary founders of the city and its first king
Staatsbürgerschaft
citizenship by birth: no citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Italy dual citizenship recognized: yes residency requirement for naturalization: 4 years for EU nationals, 5 years for refugees and specified exceptions, 10 years for all others
Government type
parliamentary republic
Legal system
civil law system; judicial review of legislation under certain conditions in Constitutional Court
Suffrage
18 years of age; universal except in senatorial elections, where minimum age is 25
Country Comparison :: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
34.7
est.
Country Comparison :: GDP - per capita (PPP)
$38,200
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Labor force
25,940,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Unemployment rate
11.30
2017 est.
Labor force
25,940,000
Population below poverty line
29.9%(2012 est.)
Unemployment rate   (%)
11.3%(2017 est.)11.7%(2016 est.)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24   (%)
total:34.7%male:33%female:37.3%(2017 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years:13.6%(male 4,326,862 /female 4,136,562)15-24 years:9.61%(male 2,994,651 /female 2,984,172)25-54 years:41.82%(male 12,845,442 /female 13,183,240)55-64 years:13.29%(male 4,012,640 /female 4,261,956)65 years and over:21.69%(male 5,817,819 /female 7,683,330)(2018 est.)
Birth rate   (births/1,000 population)
8.5 births/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Death rate   (deaths/1,000 population)
10.50
Languages
Italian (official), German (parts of Trentino-Alto Adige region are predominantly German speaking), French (small French-speaking minority in Valle d'Aosta region), Slovene (Slovene-speaking minority in the Trieste-Gorizia area)
Life expectancy at birth   (years)
82.40
Major urban areas - population
4.21 million ROME (capital), 3.132 million Milan, 2.198 million Naples, 1.786 million Turin, 874,000 Bergamo, 854,000 Palermo (2018)
Median age   (years)
total:45.8 yearsmale:44.7 yearsfemale:46.9 years(2018 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
30.7 years (2014 est.)
Net migration rate
3.6 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Population distribution
despite a distinctive pattern with an industrial north and an agrarian south, a fairly even population distribution exists throughout most of the country, with coastal areas, the Po River Valley, and urban centers (particularly Milan, Rome, and Naples), attracting larger and denser populations
Population growth rate   (%)
0.16%(2018 est.)
Total fertility rate   (children born/woman)
1.45 children born/woman(2018 est.)
Urbanization
rate of urbanization: 0.29% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Education expenditures   (% of GDP)
4.10
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
female: 17 years (2016)
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$552,100,000,000
31 December 2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$671,800,000,000
31 December 2017 est.
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$671.8 billion(31 December 2017 est.)$584.1 billion(31 December 2016 est.)
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$552,100,000,000
Country Comparison :: Central bank discount rate
0.25
31 December 2013
Central bank discount rate   (%)
0.25
Country Comparison :: Exports
$496,300,000,000
2017 est.
Exports
$496,300,000,000
Exports - partners
Germany 12.5%, France 10.3%, US 9%, Spain 5.2%, UK 5.2%, Switzerland 4.6% (2017)
Area   (sq km)
total:301,340 sq kmland:294,140 sq kmwater:7,200 sq km note: includes Sardinia and Sicily
Land use
agricultural land:47.1%(2011 est.)arable land:22.8%(2011 est.) / permanent crops:8.6%(2011 est.) / permanent pasture:15.7%(2011 est.)forest:31.4%(2011 est.)other:21.5%(2011 est.)
Location
Southern Europe, a peninsula extending into the central Mediterranean Sea, northeast of Tunisia
Country Comparison :: Imports
$432,900,000,000
2017 est.
Imports
$432,900,000,000
Imports - partners
Germany 16.3%, France 8.8%, China 7.1%, Netherlands 5.6%, Spain 5.3%, Belgium 4.5% (2017)
Country Comparison :: Inflation rate (consumer prices)
1.30
2017 est.
Inflation rate (consumer prices)   (%)
1.30
Country Comparison :: Electricity - production
275,300,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - consumption
293,500,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - exports
6,155,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - imports
43,180,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - production
77,530
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - exports
13,790
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - imports
1,341,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - production
5,550,000,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - exports
271,800,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - imports
69,660,000,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - fixed lines
20,700,659
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - mobile cellular
83,871,543
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Internet users
38,025,661
July 2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Broadband - fixed subscriptions
16,586,376
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Airports
129
2013
Country Comparison :: Railways
20,182
2014
Country Comparison :: Roadways
487,700
2007
Country Comparison :: Waterways
2,400
2012
Airports
129
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total:16,586,376(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:27(2017 est.)
Crude oil - exports   (bbl/day)
13,790
Crude oil - imports   (bbl/day)
1.341 million bbl/day(2017 est.)
Crude oil - production   (bbl/day)
77,530 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Electricity - consumption   (kWh)
293,500,000,000
Electricity - exports   (kWh)
6,155,000,000
Electricity - imports   (kWh)
43,180,000,000
Electricity - production   (kWh)
275,300,000,000
Internet users
total: 38,025,661 (July 2016 est.)
Natural gas - exports   (cu m)
271,800,000
Natural gas - imports   (cu m)
69.66 billion cu m(2017 est.)
Natural gas - production   (cu m)
5.55 billion cu m(2017 est.)
Railways   (km)
total:20,182 km(2014)standard gauge:18,770.1 km1.435-m gauge (12,893.6 km electrified)(2014)narrow gauge:122.3 km1.000-m gauge (122.3 km electrified)(2014) 1289.3 0.950-m gauge (151.3 km electrified)
Roadways   (km)
487,700
Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions:20,700,659(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:33(2017 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
83,871,543
Waterways   (km)
2,400
Disputes - international
Italy's long coastline and developed economy entices tens of thousands of illegal immigrants from southeastern Europe and northern Africa
Country Comparison :: Public debt
131.80
2017 est.
Public debt   (% of GDP)
131.80
Country Comparison :: GDP - real growth rate
1.50
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Gross national saving
20.30
2017 est.
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)   (% (of GDP))
-2.3% (of GDP)(2017 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$2,317,000,000,000
Industrial production growth rate   (%)
2.10

Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Italien
69 813 391 000 EUR
68 093 818 000 EUR
-2.46 %
Bekleidung
Italien
967 538 000 EUR
1 068 663 000 EUR
10.45 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Italien
7 934 151 000 EUR
7 723 999 000 EUR
-2.65 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Italien
5 272 107 000 EUR
5 412 433 000 EUR
2.66 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Italien
4 448 207 000 EUR
4 394 557 000 EUR
-1.21 %
Energieversorgung
Italien
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Italien
274 000 EUR
4 102 000 EUR
1 397.08 %
Erze
Italien
26 840 000 EUR
33 351 000 EUR
24.26 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Italien
413 970 000 EUR
402 874 000 EUR
-2.68 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Italien
3 508 000 EUR
2 378 000 EUR
-32.21 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Italien
12 286 000 EUR
9 533 000 EUR
-22.41 %
Getränke
Italien
442 276 000 EUR
420 460 000 EUR
-4.93 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Italien
789 939 000 EUR
805 904 000 EUR
2.02 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Italien
2 616 222 000 EUR
2 576 634 000 EUR
-1.51 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Italien
339 405 000 EUR
350 322 000 EUR
3.22 %
Kohle
Italien
27 000 EUR
14 000 EUR
-48.15 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Italien
123 313 000 EUR
169 278 000 EUR
37.28 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Italien
11 492 979 000 EUR
10 850 492 000 EUR
-5.59 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Italien
654 177 000 EUR
684 322 000 EUR
4.61 %
Maschinen
Italien
9 373 461 000 EUR
9 115 301 000 EUR
-2.75 %
Metalle
Italien
4 197 994 000 EUR
4 185 970 000 EUR
-0.29 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Italien
1 825 181 000 EUR
1 774 059 000 EUR
-2.80 %
Möbel
Italien
311 818 000 EUR
334 712 000 EUR
7.34 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Italien
4 365 533 000 EUR
4 500 038 000 EUR
3.08 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Italien
1 359 705 000 EUR
1 290 976 000 EUR
-5.05 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Italien
4 762 865 000 EUR
4 242 997 000 EUR
-10.92 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Italien
1 743 191 000 EUR
1 164 842 000 EUR
-33.18 %
Sonstige Waren
Italien
4 923 320 000 EUR
5 373 692 000 EUR
9.15 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbauerzeugnisse
Italien
122 262 000 EUR
113 804 000 EUR
-6.92 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Italien
624 613 000 EUR
451 844 000 EUR
-27.66 %
Textilien
Italien
666 229 000 EUR
636 267 000 EUR
-4.50 %