Jordanien - Daten & Fakten

Daten & Fakten
Flagge: Jordanien Jordanien
Hauptstadt
name: Amman geographic coordinates: 31 57 N, 35 56 E time difference: UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time) daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Friday in March; ends last Friday in October etymology: in the 13th century B.C., the Ammonites named their main city "Rabbath Ammon"; "rabbath" designated "capital" so the name meant "The Capital of [the] Ammon[ites]"; over time, the "Rabbath" came to be dropped and the city became known simply as "Ammon" and then "Amman"
Staatsbürgerschaft
citizenship by birth: no citizenship by descent only: the father must be a citizen of Jordan dual citizenship recognized: yes residency requirement for naturalization: 15 years
Government type
parliamentary constitutional monarchy
Legal system
mixed system developed from codes instituted by the Ottoman Empire (based on French law), British common law, and Islamic law
Suffrage
18 years of age; universal
Country Comparison :: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
35.6
est.
Country Comparison :: GDP - per capita (PPP)
$9,200
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Labor force
2,295,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Unemployment rate
18.30
2017 est.
Labor force
2,295,000
Population below poverty line
14.2%(2002 est.)
Unemployment rate   (%)
18.3%(2017 est.)15.3%(2016 est.) note: official rate; unofficial rate is approximately 30%
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24   (%)
total:35.6%male:31.5%female:57%(2016 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years:34.14%(male 1,835,094 /female 1,735,773)15-24 years:19.98%(male 1,114,783 /female 975,086)25-54 years:37.72%(male 2,137,424 /female 1,807,573)55-64 years:4.64%(male 253,029 /female 232,652)65 years and over:3.51%(male 180,652 /female 186,347)(2018 est.)
Birth rate   (births/1,000 population)
23.6 births/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Death rate   (deaths/1,000 population)
3.40
Languages
Arabic (official), English (widely understood among upper and middle classes)
Life expectancy at birth   (years)
75.00
Major urban areas - population
2.065 million AMMAN (capital) (2018)
Median age   (years)
total:22.8 yearsmale:23.2 yearsfemale:22.3 years(2018 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
24.8 years (2017/18 est.)
Net migration rate
0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Population distribution
population heavily concentrated in the west, and particularly the northwest, in and around the capital of Amman; a sizeable, but smaller population is located in the southwest along the shore of the Gulf of Aqaba
Population growth rate   (%)
2.02%(2018 est.)
Total fertility rate   (children born/woman)
3.14 children born/woman(2018 est.)
Urbanization
rate of urbanization: 2.43% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Education expenditures   (% of GDP)
3.60
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
female: 13 years (2012)
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$33,830,000,000
31 December 2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$646,500,000
31 December 2017 est.
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$646.5 million(31 December 2017 est.)$612.5 million(31 December 2016 est.)
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$33,830,000,000
Country Comparison :: Central bank discount rate
3.75
31 December 2015
Central bank discount rate   (%)
3.75
Country Comparison :: Exports
$7,511,000,000
2017 est.
Exports
$7,511,000,000
Exports - partners
US 24.9%, Saudi Arabia 12.8%, India 8.2%, Iraq 8.2%, Kuwait 5.4%, UAE 4.6% (2017)
Area   (sq km)
total:89,342 sq kmland:88,802 sq kmwater:540 sq km
Land use
agricultural land:11.4%(2011 est.)arable land:2%(2011 est.) / permanent crops:1%(2011 est.) / permanent pasture:8.4%(2011 est.)forest:1.1%(2011 est.)other:87.5%(2011 est.)
Location
Middle East, northwest of Saudi Arabia, between Israel (to the west) and Iraq
Country Comparison :: Imports
$18,210,000,000
2017 est.
Imports
$18,210,000,000
Imports - partners
China 13.6%, Saudi Arabia 13.6%, US 9.9%, UAE 4.9%, Germany 4.4% (2017)
Country Comparison :: Inflation rate (consumer prices)
3.30
2017 est.
Inflation rate (consumer prices)   (%)
3.30
Country Comparison :: Electricity - production
18,600,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - consumption
16,820,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - exports
50,000,000
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - imports
334,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - production
22
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - exports
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - imports
67,980
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - production
121,800,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - exports
1,359,000,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - imports
6,456,000,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - fixed lines
404,112
July 2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - mobile cellular
9,818,446
July 2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Internet users
5,099,674
July 2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Broadband - fixed subscriptions
456,610
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Airports
18
2013
Country Comparison :: Railways
509
2014
Country Comparison :: Roadways
7,203
2011
Airports
18
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total:456,610(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:4(2017 est.)
Crude oil - exports   (bbl/day)
0
Crude oil - imports   (bbl/day)
67,980 bbl/day(2015 est.)
Crude oil - production   (bbl/day)
22 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Electricity - consumption   (kWh)
16,820,000,000
Electricity - exports   (kWh)
50,000,000
Electricity - imports   (kWh)
334,000,000
Electricity - production   (kWh)
18,600,000,000
Internet users
total: 5,099,674 (July 2016 est.)
Natural gas - exports   (cu m)
1,359,000,000
Natural gas - imports   (cu m)
6.456 billion cu m(2017 est.)
Natural gas - production   (cu m)
121.8 million cu m(2017 est.)
Railways   (km)
total:509 km(2014)narrow gauge:509 km1.050-m gauge(2014)
Roadways   (km)
7,203
Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions:404,112(July 2016 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:4(July 2016 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
9,818,446
Disputes - international
2004 Agreement settles border dispute with Syria pending demarcation
Country Comparison :: Public debt
95.90
2017 est.
Public debt   (% of GDP)
95.90
Country Comparison :: GDP - real growth rate
2.00
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Gross national saving
9.10
2017 est.
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)   (% (of GDP))
-5.1% (of GDP)(2017 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$89,000,000,000
Industrial production growth rate   (%)
1.40

Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Jordanien
814 792 000 EUR
774 077 000 EUR
-5.00 %
Bekleidung
Jordanien
5 813 000 EUR
5 997 000 EUR
3.17 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Jordanien
64 793 000 EUR
65 267 000 EUR
0.73 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Jordanien
64 185 000 EUR
55 168 000 EUR
-14.05 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Jordanien
49 344 000 EUR
41 151 000 EUR
-16.60 %
Energieversorgung
Jordanien
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Jordanien
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erze
Jordanien
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Jordanien
10 779 000 EUR
1 416 000 EUR
-86.86 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Jordanien
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Jordanien
11 000 EUR
8 000 EUR
-27.27 %
Getränke
Jordanien
1 728 000 EUR
1 520 000 EUR
-12.04 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Jordanien
8 492 000 EUR
5 789 000 EUR
-31.83 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Jordanien
21 082 000 EUR
18 013 000 EUR
-14.56 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Jordanien
8 517 000 EUR
6 577 000 EUR
-22.78 %
Kohle
Jordanien
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Jordanien
7 723 000 EUR
7 645 000 EUR
-1.01 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Jordanien
149 570 000 EUR
122 177 000 EUR
-18.31 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Jordanien
714 000 EUR
732 000 EUR
2.52 %
Maschinen
Jordanien
144 842 000 EUR
148 165 000 EUR
2.29 %
Metalle
Jordanien
17 310 000 EUR
15 010 000 EUR
-13.29 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Jordanien
52 310 000 EUR
16 148 000 EUR
-69.13 %
Möbel
Jordanien
3 467 000 EUR
2 086 000 EUR
-39.83 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Jordanien
26 961 000 EUR
30 045 000 EUR
11.44 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Jordanien
8 405 000 EUR
10 176 000 EUR
21.07 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Jordanien
62 823 000 EUR
66 901 000 EUR
6.49 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Jordanien
40 883 000 EUR
67 188 000 EUR
64.34 %
Sonstige Waren
Jordanien
48 237 000 EUR
69 686 000 EUR
44.47 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbauerzeugnisse
Jordanien
382 000 EUR
368 000 EUR
-3.66 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Jordanien
12 510 000 EUR
11 736 000 EUR
-6.19 %
Textilien
Jordanien
3 911 000 EUR
5 108 000 EUR
30.61 %