Kenia - Daten & Fakten

Daten & Fakten
Flagge: Kenia Kenia
Hauptstadt
name: Nairobi geographic coordinates: 1 17 S, 36 49 E time difference: UTC+3 (8 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time) etymology: the name derives from the Maasai expression meaning "cool waters" and refers to a cold water stream that flowed through the area in the late 19th century
Staatsbürgerschaft
citizenship by birth: no citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Kenya dual citizenship recognized: yes residency requirement for naturalization: 4 out of the previous 7 years
Regierungstyp
presidential republic
Rechtsordnung
mixed legal system of English common law, Islamic law, and customary law; judicial review in the new Supreme Court established by the new constitution
Wahlrecht
18 years of age; universal
Country Comparison :: GDP - per capita (PPP)
$3,500
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Labor force
19,600,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Unemployment rate
40.00
2013 est.
Labor force
19,600,000
Population below poverty line
36.1%(2016 est.)
Unemployment rate   (%)
40%(2013 est.)40%(2001 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years:39.03%(male 9,474,968 /female 9,416,609)15-24 years:19.61%(male 4,737,647 /female 4,752,896)25-54 years:34.27%(male 8,393,673 /female 8,193,800)55-64 years:4%(male 894,371 /female 1,040,883)65 years and over:3.08%(male 640,005 /female 852,675)(2018 est.)
Birth rate   (births/1,000 population)
22.6 births/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Death rate   (deaths/1,000 population)
6.70
Languages
English (official), Kiswahili (official), numerous indigenous languages
Life expectancy at birth   (years)
64.60
Major urban areas - population
4.386 million NAIROBI (capital), 1.214 million Mombassa (2018)
Median age   (years)
total:20 yearsmale:19.9 yearsfemale:20.2 years(2018 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
20.3 years (2014 est.)
Net migration rate
-0.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Population distribution
population heavily concentrated in the west along the shore of Lake Victoria; other areas of high density include the capital of Nairobi, and in the southeast along the Indian Ocean coast
Population growth rate   (%)
1.57%(2018 est.)
Total fertility rate   (children born/woman)
2.81 children born/woman(2018 est.)
Urbanization
rate of urbanization: 4.23% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Education expenditures   (% of GDP)
5.20
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
female: 11 years (2009)
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$8,738,000,000
31 December 2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$1,545,000,000
31 December 2017 est.
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$1.545 billion(31 December 2017 est.)$335.5 million(31 December 2016 est.)
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$8,738,000,000
Country Comparison :: Central bank discount rate
10.00
1 January 2017
Central bank discount rate   (%)
10.00
Country Comparison :: Exports
$5,792,000,000
2017 est.
Exports
$5,792,000,000
Exports - partners
Uganda 10.8%, Pakistan 10.6%, US 8.1%, Netherlands 7.3%, UK 6.4%, Tanzania 4.8%, UAE 4.4% (2017)
Area   (sq km)
total:580,367 sq kmland:569,140 sq kmwater:11,227 sq km
Land use
agricultural land:48.1%(2011 est.)arable land:9.8%(2011 est.) / permanent crops:0.9%(2011 est.) / permanent pasture:37.4%(2011 est.)forest:6.1%(2011 est.)other:45.8%(2011 est.)
Location
Eastern Africa, bordering the Indian Ocean, between Somalia and Tanzania
Country Comparison :: Imports
$15,990,000,000
2017 est.
Imports
$15,990,000,000
Imports - partners
China 22.5%, India 9.9%, UAE 8.7%, Saudi Arabia 5.1%, Japan 4.5% (2017)
Country Comparison :: Inflation rate (consumer prices)
8.00
2017 est.
Inflation rate (consumer prices)   (%)
8.00
Country Comparison :: Electricity - production
9,634,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - consumption
7,863,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - exports
39,100,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - imports
184,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - production
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - exports
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - imports
12,550
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - production
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - exports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - imports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - fixed lines
69,861
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - mobile cellular
42,815,109
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Internet users
12,165,597
July 2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Broadband - fixed subscriptions
288,303
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Airports
197
2013
Country Comparison :: Railways
3,806
2014
Country Comparison :: Roadways
161,452
2017
Airports
197
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total:288,303(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:less than 1(2017 est.)
Crude oil - exports   (bbl/day)
0
Crude oil - imports   (bbl/day)
12,550 bbl/day(2015 est.)
Crude oil - production   (bbl/day)
0 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Electricity - consumption   (kWh)
7,863,000,000
Electricity - exports   (kWh)
39,100,000
Electricity - imports   (kWh)
184,000,000
Electricity - production   (kWh)
9,634,000,000
Internet users
total: 12,165,597 (July 2016 est.)
Natural gas - exports   (cu m)
0
Natural gas - imports   (cu m)
0 cu m(2017 est.)
Natural gas - production   (cu m)
0 cu m(2017 est.)
Railways   (km)
total:3,819 km(2018)standard gauge:47,285 km1.435-m gauge(2018)narrow gauge:3,334 km1.000-m gauge(2018)
Roadways   (km)
177,800
Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions:69,861(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:less than 1(2017 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
42,815,109
Waterways
none specifically; the only significant inland waterway is the part of Lake Victoria within the boundaries of Kenya; Kisumu is the main port and has ferry connections to Uganda and Tanzania (2011)
Disputes - international
Kenya served as an important mediator in brokering Sudan's north-south separation in February 2005; as of March 2019, Kenya provides shelter to nearly 475,000 refugees and asylum seekers, including Ugandans who flee across the border periodically to seek protection from Lord's Resistance Army rebels; Kenya works hard to prevent the clan and militia fighting in Somalia from spreading across the border, which has long been open to nomadic pastoralists; the boundary that separates Kenya's and Sudan's sovereignty is unclear in the "Ilemi Triangle," which Kenya has administered since colonial times
Country Comparison :: Public debt
54.20
2017 est.
Public debt   (% of GDP)
54.20
Country Comparison :: GDP - real growth rate
4.90
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Gross national saving
10.40
2017 est.
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)   (% (of GDP))
-6.7% (of GDP)(2017 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$163,700,000,000
Industrial production growth rate   (%)
3.60

Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Kenia
350 782 000 EUR
215 689 000 EUR
-38.51 %
Bekleidung
Kenia
4 350 000 EUR
2 294 000 EUR
-47.26 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Kenia
45 846 000 EUR
52 931 000 EUR
15.45 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Kenia
35 983 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Kenia
57 832 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Energieversorgung
Kenia
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Kenia
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erze
Kenia
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Kenia
28 218 000 EUR
39 391 000 EUR
39.60 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Kenia
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Kenia
22 000 EUR
17 000 EUR
-22.73 %
Getränke
Kenia
1 218 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Kenia
3 527 000 EUR
2 962 000 EUR
-16.02 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Kenia
7 334 000 EUR
5 926 000 EUR
-19.20 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Kenia
719 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kohle
Kenia
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Kenia
1 155 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Kenia
22 088 000 EUR
18 127 000 EUR
-17.93 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Kenia
311 000 EUR
303 000 EUR
-2.57 %
Maschinen
Kenia
67 768 000 EUR
57 104 000 EUR
-15.74 %
Metalle
Kenia
3 665 000 EUR
2 568 000 EUR
-29.93 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Kenia
7 947 000 EUR
5 013 000 EUR
-36.92 %
Möbel
Kenia
1 074 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Kenia
12 994 000 EUR
9 701 000 EUR
-25.34 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Kenia
6 686 000 EUR
5 936 000 EUR
-11.22 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Kenia
14 754 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Kenia
11 647 000 EUR
2 807 000 EUR
-75.90 %
Sonstige Waren
Kenia
14 573 000 EUR
9 892 000 EUR
-32.12 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbauerzeugnisse
Kenia
236 000 EUR
161 000 EUR
-31.78 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Kenia
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Textilien
Kenia
835 000 EUR
556 000 EUR
-33.41 %