Kolumbien - Daten & Fakten

Daten & Fakten
Flagge: Kolumbien Kolumbien
Hauptstadt
name: Bogota geographic coordinates: 4 36 N, 74 05 W time difference: UTC-5 (same time as Washington, DC, during Standard Time) etymology: originally referred to as "Bacata," meaning "enclosure outside of the farm fields," by the indigenous Muisca
Staatsbürgerschaft
citizenship by birth: no citizenship by descent only: least one parent must be a citizen or permanent resident of Colombia dual citizenship recognized: yes residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years
Government type
presidential republic
Legal system
civil law system influenced by the Spanish and French civil codes
Suffrage
18 years of age; universal
Country Comparison :: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
18.7
est.
Country Comparison :: GDP - per capita (PPP)
$14,400
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Labor force
25,760,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Unemployment rate
9.30
2017 est.
Labor force
25,760,000
Population below poverty line
28%(2017 est.)
Unemployment rate   (%)
9.3%(2017 est.)9.2%(2016 est.)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24   (%)
total:18.7%male:14.7%female:24.1%(2018 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years:23.89%(male 5,895,637 /female 5,611,298)15-24 years:16.96%(male 4,161,661 /female 4,006,875)25-54 years:41.98%(male 10,043,080 /female 10,177,042)55-64 years:9.44%(male 2,145,031 /female 2,404,090)65 years and over:7.73%(male 1,555,848 /female 2,168,434)(2018 est.)
Birth rate   (births/1,000 population)
15.8 births/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Death rate   (deaths/1,000 population)
5.50
Languages
Spanish (official)
Life expectancy at birth   (years)
76.20
Major urban areas - population
10.574 million BOGOTA (capital), 3.934 million Medellin, 2.726 million Cali, 2.218 million Barranquilla, 1.295 million Bucaramanga, 1.047 million Cartagena (2018)
Median age   (years)
total:30.4 yearsmale:29.4 yearsfemale:31.4 years(2018 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
21.7 years (2015 est.)
Net migration rate
-0.6 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Population distribution
the majority of people live in the north and west where agricultural opportunities and natural resources are found; the vast grasslands of the llanos to the south and east, which make up approximately 60% of the country, are sparsely populated
Population growth rate   (%)
0.97%(2018 est.)
Total fertility rate   (children born/woman)
1.98 children born/woman(2018 est.)
Urbanization
rate of urbanization: 1.22% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Education expenditures   (% of GDP)
4.40
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
female: 15 years (2017)
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$179,600,000,000
31 December 2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$55,510,000,000
31 December 2017 est.
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$55.51 billion(31 December 2017 est.)$51.82 billion(31 December 2016 est.)
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$179,600,000,000
Country Comparison :: Central bank discount rate
4.75
12 December 2017
Central bank discount rate   (%)
4.75
Country Comparison :: Exports
$39,480,000,000
2017 est.
Exports
$39,480,000,000
Exports - partners
US 28.5%, Panama 8.6%, China 5.1% (2017)
Area   (sq km)
total:1,138,910 sq kmland:1,038,700 sq kmwater:100,210 sq km note: includes Isla de Malpelo, Roncador Cay, and Serrana Bank
Land use
agricultural land:37.5%(2011 est.)arable land:1.4%(2011 est.) / permanent crops:1.6%(2011 est.) / permanent pasture:34.5%(2011 est.)forest:54.4%(2011 est.)other:8.1%(2011 est.)
Location
Northern South America, bordering the Caribbean Sea, between Panama and Venezuela, and bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between Ecuador and Panama
Country Comparison :: Imports
$44,240,000,000
2017 est.
Imports
$44,240,000,000
Imports - partners
US 26.3%, China 19.3%, Mexico 7.5%, Brazil 5%, Germany 4.1% (2017)
Country Comparison :: Inflation rate (consumer prices)
4.30
2017 est.
Inflation rate (consumer prices)   (%)
4.30
Country Comparison :: Electricity - production
74,920,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - consumption
68,250,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - exports
460,000,000
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - imports
378,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - production
853,600
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - exports
726,700
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - imports
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - production
10,020,000,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - exports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - imports
48,140,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - fixed lines
6,987,654
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - mobile cellular
62,222,011
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Internet users
27,452,550
July 2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Broadband - fixed subscriptions
6,318,936
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Airports
836
2013
Country Comparison :: Railways
2,141
2015
Country Comparison :: Roadways
206,500
2016
Country Comparison :: Waterways
24,725
2012
Airports
836
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total:6,318,936(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:13(2017 est.)
Crude oil - exports   (bbl/day)
726,700
Crude oil - imports   (bbl/day)
0 bbl/day(2015 est.)
Crude oil - production   (bbl/day)
853,600 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Electricity - consumption   (kWh)
68,250,000,000
Electricity - exports   (kWh)
460,000,000
Electricity - imports   (kWh)
378,000,000
Electricity - production   (kWh)
74,920,000,000
Internet users
total: 27,452,550 (July 2016 est.)
Natural gas - exports   (cu m)
0
Natural gas - imports   (cu m)
48.14 million cu m(2017 est.)
Natural gas - production   (cu m)
10.02 billion cu m(2017 est.)
Railways   (km)
total:2,141 km(2015)standard gauge:150 km1.435-m gauge(2015)narrow gauge:1,991 km0.914-m gauge(2015)
Roadways   (km)
206,500
Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions:6,987,654(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:15(2017 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
62,222,011
Waterways   (km)
24,725
Disputes - international
in December 2007, ICJ allocated San Andres, Providencia, and Santa Catalina islands to Colombia under 1928 Treaty but did not rule on 82 degrees W meridian as maritime boundary with Nicaragua; managed dispute with Venezuela over maritime boundary and Venezuelan-administered Los Monjes Islands near the Gulf of Venezuela; Colombian-organized illegal narcotics, guerrilla, and paramilitary activities penetrate all neighboring borders and have caused Colombian citizens to flee mostly into neighboring countries; Colombia, Honduras, Nicaragua, Jamaica, and the US assert various claims to Bajo Nuevo and Serranilla Bank
Country Comparison :: Public debt
49.40
2017 est.
Public debt   (% of GDP)
49.40
Country Comparison :: GDP - real growth rate
1.80
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Gross national saving
18.90
2017 est.
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)   (% (of GDP))
-2.7% (of GDP)(2017 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$711,600,000,000
Industrial production growth rate   (%)
-2.20

Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Kolumbien
1 481 259 000 EUR
1 717 357 000 EUR
15.94 %
Bekleidung
Kolumbien
3 188 000 EUR
8 080 000 EUR
153.45 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Kolumbien
256 688 000 EUR
269 657 000 EUR
5.05 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Kolumbien
86 566 000 EUR
96 864 000 EUR
11.90 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Kolumbien
75 791 000 EUR
80 533 000 EUR
6.26 %
Energieversorgung
Kolumbien
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Kolumbien
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erze
Kolumbien
5 000 EUR
1 000 EUR
-80.00 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Kolumbien
1 780 000 EUR
1 963 000 EUR
10.28 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Kolumbien
2 000 EUR
10 000 EUR
400.00 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Kolumbien
196 000 EUR
195 000 EUR
-0.51 %
Getränke
Kolumbien
7 374 000 EUR
14 668 000 EUR
98.92 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Kolumbien
20 643 000 EUR
17 540 000 EUR
-15.03 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Kolumbien
57 835 000 EUR
58 753 000 EUR
1.59 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Kolumbien
8 337 000 EUR
5 615 000 EUR
-32.65 %
Kohle
Kolumbien
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Kolumbien
6 690 000 EUR
8 759 000 EUR
30.93 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Kolumbien
143 131 000 EUR
188 848 000 EUR
31.94 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Kolumbien
1 514 000 EUR
2 047 000 EUR
35.20 %
Maschinen
Kolumbien
284 931 000 EUR
299 078 000 EUR
4.97 %
Metalle
Kolumbien
26 106 000 EUR
31 211 000 EUR
19.55 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Kolumbien
32 674 000 EUR
38 417 000 EUR
17.58 %
Möbel
Kolumbien
5 146 000 EUR
4 666 000 EUR
-9.33 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Kolumbien
18 011 000 EUR
19 035 000 EUR
5.69 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Kolumbien
56 956 000 EUR
56 493 000 EUR
-0.81 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Kolumbien
233 294 000 EUR
268 349 000 EUR
15.03 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Kolumbien
62 811 000 EUR
150 824 000 EUR
140.12 %
Sonstige Waren
Kolumbien
74 148 000 EUR
81 378 000 EUR
9.75 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbauerzeugnisse
Kolumbien
8 169 000 EUR
7 515 000 EUR
-8.01 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Kolumbien
1 942 000 EUR
199 000 EUR
-89.75 %
Textilien
Kolumbien
7 331 000 EUR
6 659 000 EUR
-9.17 %