Bangladesch - Daten & Fakten

Daten & Fakten
Flagge:    Bangladesch Bangladesch
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Capital
name: Dhaka geographic coordinates: 23 43 N, 90 24 E time difference: UTC+6 (11 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time) etymology: the origins of the name are unclear, but some sources state that the city's site was originally called "dhakka," meaning "watchtower," and that the area served as a watch-station for Bengal rulers
Citizenship
citizenship by birth: no citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Bangladesh dual citizenship recognized: yes, but limited to select countries residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years
Regierungstyp
parliamentary republic
Legal system
mixed legal system of mostly English common law and Islamic law
Suffrage
18 years of age; universal
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Country Comparison :: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
12.8
Country Comparison :: GDP - per capita (PPP)
$4,200
Country Comparison :: Labor force
66,640,000
Country Comparison :: Unemployment rate
4.40
Labor force
66,640,000
Population below poverty line
24.3%(2016 est.)
Unemployment rate
4.4%(2017 est.)4.4%(2016 est.) note: about 40% of the population is underemployed; many persons counted as employed work only a few hours a week and at low wages
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
total:12.8%male:10.8%female:16.8%(2017 est.)
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Age structure
0-14 years:27.29%(male 22,135,349 /female 21,373,470)15-24 years:19.14%(male 15,313,674 /female 15,200,861)25-54 years:40.07%(male 30,626,005 /female 33,267,339)55-64 years:7.09%(male 5,582,450 /female 5,716,763)65 years and over:6.42%(male 4,844,612 /female 5,392,478)(2018 est.)
Birth rate
18.6 births/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Death rate
5.40
Languages
Bangla 98.8% (official, also known as Bengali), other 1.2% (2011 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
73.70
Major urban areas - population
19.578 million DHAKA (capital), 4.816 million Chittagong, 975,000 Khulna, 880,000 Rajshahi, 776,000 Sylhet (2018)
Median age
total:27.1 yearsmale:26.3 yearsfemale:27.8 years(2018 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
18.5 years (2014 est.)
Net migration rate
-3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Population growth rate
1.02%(2018 est.)
Total fertility rate
2.15 children born/woman(2018 est.)
Urbanization
rate of urbanization: 3.17% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
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Education expenditures
1.50
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
female: 12 years (2017)
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Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$14,620,000,000
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$369,600,000
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$369.6 million(31 December 2017 est.)$228.5 million(31 December 2016 est.)
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$14,620,000,000
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Country Comparison :: Central bank discount rate
5.00
Central bank discount rate
5.00
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Country Comparison :: Exports
$35,300,000,000
Exports
$35,300,000,000
Exports - partners
Germany 12.9%, US 12.2%, UK 8.7%, Spain 5.3%, France 5.1%, Italy 4.1% (2017)
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Area
total:148,460 sq kmland:130,170 sq kmwater:18,290 sq km
Land use
agricultural land:70.1%(2016 est.)arable land:59%(2016 est.) / permanent crops:6.5%(2016 est.) / permanent pasture:4.6%(2016 est.)forest:11.1%(2016 est.)other:18.8%(2016 est.)
Location
Southern Asia, bordering the Bay of Bengal, between Burma and India
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Country Comparison :: Imports
$47,560,000,000
Imports
$47,560,000,000
Imports - partners
China 21.9%, India 15.3%, Singapore 5.7% (2017)
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Country Comparison :: Inflation rate (consumer prices)
5.60
Inflation rate (consumer prices)
5.60
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Country Comparison :: Electricity - production
60,510,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - consumption
53,650,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - exports
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - imports
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - production
3,666
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - exports
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - imports
21,860
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - production
29,530,000,000
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - exports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - imports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - fixed lines
710,189
Country Comparison :: Telephones - mobile cellular
145,113,669
Country Comparison :: Internet users
28,499,324
Country Comparison :: Broadband - fixed subscriptions
7,296,000
Country Comparison :: Airports
18
Country Comparison :: Railways
2,460
Country Comparison :: Roadways
370,000
Country Comparison :: Waterways
8,370
Airports
18
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total:7.296 million(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:5(2017 est.)
Crude oil - exports
0
Crude oil - imports
21,860 bbl/day(2015 est.)
Crude oil - production
3,666 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Electricity - consumption
53,650,000,000
Electricity - exports
0
Electricity - imports
0
Electricity - production
60,510,000,000
Internet users
total: 28,499,324 (July 2016 est.)
Natural gas - exports
0
Natural gas - imports
0 cu m(2017 est.)
Natural gas - production
29.53 billion cu m(2017 est.)
Railways
total:2,460 km(2014)narrow gauge:1,801 km1.000-m gauge(2014)broad gauge:659 km1.676-m gauge(2014)
Roadways
370,000
Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions:710,189(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:less than 1(2017 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
145,113,669
Waterways
8,370
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Disputes - international
Bangladesh referred its maritime boundary claims with Burma and India to the International Tribunal on the Law of the Sea; Indian Prime Minister Singh's September 2011 visit to Bangladesh resulted in the signing of a Protocol to the 1974 Land Boundary Agreement between India and Bangladesh, which had called for the settlement of longstanding boundary disputes over undemarcated areas and the exchange of territorial enclaves, but which had never been implemented; Bangladesh struggles to accommodate 741,792 Rohingya, Burmese Muslim minority from Arakan State, living as refugees in Cox's Bazar; Burmese border authorities are constructing a 200 km (124 mi) wire fence designed to deter illegal cross-border transit and tensions from the military build-up along border
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Country Comparison :: Public debt
33.10
Public debt
33.10
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Country Comparison :: GDP - real growth rate
7.40
Country Comparison :: Gross national saving
30.20
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)
-3.2% (of GDP)(2017 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$690,300,000,000
Industrial production growth rate
10.20

Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Bangladesch
530 984 000 EUR
744 709 000 EUR
40.25 %
Bekleidung
Bangladesch
99 000 EUR
130 000 EUR
31.31 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Bangladesch
99 296 000 EUR
111 792 000 EUR
12.58 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Bangladesch
49 695 000 EUR
50 490 000 EUR
1.60 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Bangladesch
50 217 000 EUR
76 858 000 EUR
53.05 %
Energieversorgung
Bangladesch
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Bangladesch
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erze
Bangladesch
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Bangladesch
88 000 EUR
191 000 EUR
117.05 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Bangladesch
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Bangladesch
8 000 EUR
2 000 EUR
-75.00 %
Getränke
Bangladesch
18 000 EUR
0 EUR
-100.00 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Bangladesch
3 683 000 EUR
4 678 000 EUR
27.02 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Bangladesch
9 155 000 EUR
10 624 000 EUR
16.05 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Bangladesch
2 038 000 EUR
1 521 000 EUR
-25.37 %
Kohle
Bangladesch
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Bangladesch
1 435 000 EUR
2 768 000 EUR
92.89 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Bangladesch
5 594 000 EUR
11 684 000 EUR
108.87 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Bangladesch
578 000 EUR
1 030 000 EUR
78.20 %
Maschinen
Bangladesch
209 597 000 EUR
293 313 000 EUR
39.94 %
Metalle
Bangladesch
3 630 000 EUR
5 068 000 EUR
39.61 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Bangladesch
15 562 000 EUR
11 605 000 EUR
-25.43 %
Möbel
Bangladesch
1 229 000 EUR
1 105 000 EUR
-10.09 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Bangladesch
20 364 000 EUR
15 246 000 EUR
-25.13 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Bangladesch
7 063 000 EUR
8 781 000 EUR
24.32 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Bangladesch
18 540 000 EUR
21 059 000 EUR
13.59 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Bangladesch
1 807 000 EUR
75 033 000 EUR
4 052.35 %
Sonstige Waren
Bangladesch
23 928 000 EUR
34 932 000 EUR
45.99 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbaürzeugnisse
Bangladesch
964 000 EUR
1 009 000 EUR
4.67 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Bangladesch
251 000 EUR
385 000 EUR
53.39 %
Textilien
Bangladesch
6 145 000 EUR
5 405 000 EUR
-12.04 %