Bulgarien - Daten & Fakten

Daten & Fakten
Flagge:    Bulgarien Bulgarien
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Capital
name: Sofia geographic coordinates: 42 41 N, 23 19 E time difference: UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time) daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October etymology: named after the Saint Sofia Church in the city, parts of which date back to the 4th century A.D.
Citizenship
citizenship by birth: no citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Bulgaria dual citizenship recognized: yes residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years
Regierungstyp
parliamentary republic
Legal system
civil law
Suffrage
18 years of age; universal
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Country Comparison :: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
12.9
Country Comparison :: GDP - per capita (PPP)
$21,800
Country Comparison :: Labor force
3,357,000
Country Comparison :: Unemployment rate
6.20
Labor force
3,357,000
Population below poverty line
23.4%(2016 est.)
Unemployment rate
6.2%(2017 est.)7.7%(2016 est.)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
total:12.9%male:13.3%female:12.4%(2017 est.)
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Age structure
0-14 years:14.6%(male 530,219 /female 500,398)15-24 years:9.43%(male 346,588 /female 318,645)25-54 years:43.12%(male 1,565,770 /female 1,477,719)55-64 years:13.3%(male 442,083 /female 496,888)65 years and over:19.54%(male 557,237 /female 821,957)(2018 est.)
Birth rate
8.5 births/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Death rate
14.50
Languages
Bulgarian (official) 76.8%, Turkish 8.2%, Romani 3.8%, other 0.7%, unspecified 10.5% (2011 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
74.80
Major urban areas - population
1.272 million SOFIA (capital) (2018)
Median age
total:43 yearsmale:41.2 yearsfemale:44.9 years(2018 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
26.7 years (2014 est.)
Net migration rate
-0.3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Population distribution
a fairly even distribution throughout most of the country, with urban areas attracting larger populations
Population growth rate
-0.63%(2018 est.)
Total fertility rate
1.47 children born/woman(2018 est.)
Urbanization
rate of urbanization: -0.22% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
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Education expenditures
4.10
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
female: 15 years (2016)
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Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$46,920,000,000
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$5,868,000,000
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$5.868 billion(31 December 2017 est.)$4.988 billion(31 December 2016 est.)
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$46,920,000,000
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Country Comparison :: Central bank discount rate
0.00
Central bank discount rate
0.00
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Country Comparison :: Exports
$29,080,000,000
Exports
$29,080,000,000
Exports - partners
Germany 13.5%, Italy 8.3%, Romania 8.2%, Turkey 7.7%, Greece 6.5%, Belgium 4.2%, France 4.1% (2017)
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Area
total:110,879 sq kmland:108,489 sq kmwater:2,390 sq km
Land use
agricultural land:46.9%(2011 est.)arable land:29.9%(2011 est.) / permanent crops:1.5%(2011 est.) / permanent pasture:15.5%(2011 est.)forest:36.7%(2011 est.)other:16.4%(2011 est.)
Location
Southeastern Europe, bordering the Black Sea, between Romania and Turkey
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Country Comparison :: Imports
$31,430,000,000
Imports
$31,430,000,000
Imports - partners
Germany 12.3%, Russia 10.3%, Italy 7.3%, Romania 7.1%, Turkey 6.2%, Spain 5.3%, Greece 4.4% (2017)
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Country Comparison :: Inflation rate (consumer prices)
1.20
Inflation rate (consumer prices)
1.20
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Country Comparison :: Electricity - production
42,290,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - consumption
32,340,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - exports
9,187,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - imports
4,568,000,000
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - production
1,000
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - exports
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - imports
133,900
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - production
79,280,000
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - exports
31,150,000
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - imports
3,256,000,000
Country Comparison :: Telephones - fixed lines
1,302,316
Country Comparison :: Telephones - mobile cellular
8,532,908
Country Comparison :: Internet users
4,274,328
Country Comparison :: Broadband - fixed subscriptions
1,764,782
Country Comparison :: Airports
68
Country Comparison :: Railways
5,114
Country Comparison :: Roadways
19,512
Country Comparison :: Waterways
470
Airports
68
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total:1,764,782(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:25(2017 est.)
Crude oil - exports
0
Crude oil - imports
133,900 bbl/day(2015 est.)
Crude oil - production
1,000 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Electricity - consumption
32,340,000,000
Electricity - exports
9,187,000,000
Electricity - imports
4,568,000,000
Electricity - production
42,290,000,000
Internet users
total: 4,274,328 (July 2016 est.)
Natural gas - exports
31,150,000
Natural gas - imports
3.256 billion cu m(2017 est.)
Natural gas - production
79.28 million cu m(2017 est.)
Railways
total:5,114 km(2014)standard gauge:4,989 km1.435-m gauge (2,880 km electrified)(2014)narrow gauge:125 km0.760-m gauge(2014)
Roadways
19,512
Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions:1,302,316(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:18(2017 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
8,532,908
Waterways
470
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Disputes - international
none
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Country Comparison :: Public debt
23.90
Public debt
23.90
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Country Comparison :: GDP - real growth rate
3.60
Country Comparison :: Gross national saving
25.40
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)
1.8% (of GDP)(2017 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$153,500,000,000
Industrial production growth rate
3.60

Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Bulgarien
3 646 062 000 EUR
4 537 658 000 EUR
24.45 %
Bekleidung
Bulgarien
48 975 000 EUR
76 676 000 EUR
56.56 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Bulgarien
262 502 000 EUR
322 770 000 EUR
22.96 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Bulgarien
336 895 000 EUR
402 622 000 EUR
19.51 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Bulgarien
329 599 000 EUR
409 294 000 EUR
24.18 %
Energieversorgung
Bulgarien
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Bulgarien
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erze
Bulgarien
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Bulgarien
21 529 000 EUR
21 567 000 EUR
0.18 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Bulgarien
71 000 EUR
35 000 EUR
-50.70 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Bulgarien
22 000 EUR
51 000 EUR
131.82 %
Getränke
Bulgarien
15 259 000 EUR
21 723 000 EUR
42.36 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Bulgarien
31 846 000 EUR
38 176 000 EUR
19.88 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Bulgarien
198 946 000 EUR
233 845 000 EUR
17.54 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Bulgarien
27 454 000 EUR
28 191 000 EUR
2.68 %
Kohle
Bulgarien
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Bulgarien
13 103 000 EUR
16 369 000 EUR
24.93 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Bulgarien
415 031 000 EUR
579 625 000 EUR
39.66 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Bulgarien
22 723 000 EUR
36 234 000 EUR
59.46 %
Maschinen
Bulgarien
571 918 000 EUR
658 984 000 EUR
15.22 %
Metalle
Bulgarien
128 808 000 EUR
186 513 000 EUR
44.80 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Bulgarien
165 167 000 EUR
205 749 000 EUR
24.57 %
Möbel
Bulgarien
20 055 000 EUR
26 406 000 EUR
31.67 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Bulgarien
299 283 000 EUR
334 615 000 EUR
11.81 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Bulgarien
58 916 000 EUR
71 123 000 EUR
20.72 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Bulgarien
239 403 000 EUR
363 847 000 EUR
51.98 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Bulgarien
88 709 000 EUR
86 235 000 EUR
-2.79 %
Sonstige Waren
Bulgarien
228 273 000 EUR
293 749 000 EUR
28.68 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbaürzeugnisse
Bulgarien
2 208 000 EUR
2 095 000 EUR
-5.12 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Bulgarien
12 522 000 EUR
15 375 000 EUR
22.78 %
Textilien
Bulgarien
106 845 000 EUR
105 789 000 EUR
-0.99 %