Bolivien - Daten & Fakten

Daten & Fakten
Flagge:    Bolivien Bolivien
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Capital
name: La Paz (administrative capital); Sucre (constitutional [legislative and judicial] capital) geographic coordinates: 16 30 S, 68 09 W time difference: UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time) etymology: La Paz is a shortening of the original name of the city, Nuestra Senora de La Paz (Our Lady of Peace); Sucre is named after Antonio Jose de Sucre (1795-1830), military hero in the independence struggle from Spain and the second president of Bolivianote: at approximately 3,630 m above sea level, La Paz's elevation makes it the highest capital city in the world
Citizenship
citizenship by birth: yes citizenship by descent only: yes dual citizenship recognized: yes residency requirement for naturalization: 3 years
Regierungstyp
presidential republic
Legal system
civil law system with influences from Roman, Spanish, canon (religious), French, and indigenous law
Suffrage
18 years of age; universal and compulsory
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Country Comparison :: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
6.9
Country Comparison :: GDP - per capita (PPP)
$7,600
Country Comparison :: Labor force
5,719,000
Country Comparison :: Unemployment rate
4.00
Labor force
5,719,000
Population below poverty line
38.6%(2015 est.) note: based on percent of population living on less than the international standard of $2/day
Unemployment rate
4%(2017 est.)4%(2016 est.) note: data are for urban areas; widespread underemployment
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
total:6.9%male:5.8%female:8.6%(2015 est.)
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Age structure
0-14 years:31.34%(male 1,805,765 /female 1,737,647)15-24 years:19.37%(male 1,109,388 /female 1,080,662)25-54 years:37.9%(male 2,098,847 /female 2,185,890)55-64 years:5.96%(male 310,250 /female 363,403)65 years and over:5.43%(male 270,435 /female 344,054)(2018 est.)
Birth rate
21.6 births/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Death rate
6.30
Languages
Spanish (official) 60.7%, Quechua (official) 21.2%, Aymara (official) 14.6%, foreign languages 2.4%, Guarani (official) 0.6%, other native languages 0.4%, none 0.1% (2001 est.) note: Bolivia's 2009 constitution designates Spanish and all indigenous languages as official; 36 indigenous languages are specified, including a few that are extinct
Life expectancy at birth
69.80
Major urban areas - population
1.814 million LA PAZ (capital), 1.641 million Santa Cruz, 1.24 million Cochabamba, 278,000 Sucre (constitutional capital) (2018)
Median age
total:24.6 yearsmale:23.9 yearsfemale:25.4 years(2018 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
21.2 years (2008 est.)
Net migration rate
-0.4 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Population distribution
a high altitude plain in the west between two cordillera of the Andes, known as the Altiplano, is the focal area for most of the population; a dense settlement pattern is also found in and around the city of Santa Cruz, located on the eastern side of the Andes
Population growth rate
1.48%(2018 est.)
Total fertility rate
2.58 children born/woman(2018 est.)
Urbanization
rate of urbanization: 1.97% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
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Age structure
0-14 years:31.34%(male 1,805,765 /female 1,737,647)15-24 years:19.37%(male 1,109,388 /female 1,080,662)25-54 years:37.9%(male 2,098,847 /female 2,185,890)55-64 years:5.96%(male 310,250 /female 363,403)65 years and over:5.43%(male 270,435 /female 344,054)(2018 est.)
Birth rate
21.6 births/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Death rate
6.30
Languages
Spanish (official) 60.7%, Quechua (official) 21.2%, Aymara (official) 14.6%, foreign languages 2.4%, Guarani (official) 0.6%, other native languages 0.4%, none 0.1% (2001 est.) note: Bolivia's 2009 constitution designates Spanish and all indigenous languages as official; 36 indigenous languages are specified, including a few that are extinct
Life expectancy at birth
69.80
Major urban areas - population
1.814 million LA PAZ (capital), 1.641 million Santa Cruz, 1.24 million Cochabamba, 278,000 Sucre (constitutional capital) (2018)
Median age
total:24.6 yearsmale:23.9 yearsfemale:25.4 years(2018 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
21.2 years (2008 est.)
Net migration rate
-0.4 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Population distribution
a high altitude plain in the west between two cordillera of the Andes, known as the Altiplano, is the focal area for most of the population; a dense settlement pattern is also found in and around the city of Santa Cruz, located on the eastern side of the Andes
Population growth rate
1.48%(2018 est.)
Total fertility rate
2.58 children born/woman(2018 est.)
Urbanization
rate of urbanization: 1.97% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
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Education expenditures
7.30
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Education expenditures
7.30
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Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$12,310,000,000
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$0
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$0(31 December 2017 est.)$0(31 December 2016 est.)
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$12,310,000,000
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Country Comparison :: Central bank discount rate
2.50
Central bank discount rate
2.50
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Country Comparison :: Exports
$7,746,000,000
Exports
$7,746,000,000
Exports - partners
Brazil 17.9%, Argentina 16%, US 7.8%, Japan 7.3%, India 6.6%, South Korea 6.3%, Colombia 5.8%, China 5.1%, UAE 4.7% (2017)
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Area
total:1,098,581 sq kmland:1,083,301 sq kmwater:15,280 sq km
Land use
agricultural land:34.3%(2011 est.)arable land:3.6%(2011 est.) / permanent crops:0.2%(2011 est.) / permanent pasture:30.5%(2011 est.)forest:52.5%(2011 est.)other:13.2%(2011 est.)
Location
Central South America, southwest of Brazil
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Country Comparison :: Imports
$8,601,000,000
Imports
$8,601,000,000
Imports - partners
China 21.7%, Brazil 16.8%, Argentina 12.6%, US 8.4%, Peru 6.5% (2017)
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Country Comparison :: Inflation rate (consumer prices)
2.80
Inflation rate (consumer prices)
2.80
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Country Comparison :: Electricity - production
8,951,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - consumption
7,785,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - exports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - imports
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - production
59,330
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - exports
1,274
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - imports
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - production
18,690,000,000
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - exports
15,460,000,000
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - imports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - fixed lines
851,110
Country Comparison :: Telephones - mobile cellular
10,106,216
Country Comparison :: Internet users
4,354,678
Country Comparison :: Broadband - fixed subscriptions
358,680
Country Comparison :: Airports
855
Country Comparison :: Railways
3,504
Country Comparison :: Roadways
90,568
Country Comparison :: Waterways
10,000
Airports
855
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total:358,680(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:3(2017 est.)
Crude oil - exports
1,274
Crude oil - imports
0 bbl/day(2015 est.)
Crude oil - production
59,330 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Electricity - consumption
7,785,000,000
Electricity - exports
0
Electricity - imports
0
Electricity - production
8,951,000,000
Internet users
total: 4,354,678 (July 2016 est.)
Natural gas - exports
15,460,000,000
Natural gas - imports
0 cu m(2017 est.)
Natural gas - production
18.69 billion cu m(2017 est.)
Railways
total:3,960 km(2019)narrow gauge:3,960 km1.000-m gauge(2014)
Roadways
90,568
Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions:851,110(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:8(2017 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
10,106,216
Waterways
10,000
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Disputes - international
Chile and Peru rebuff Bolivia's reactivated claim to restore the Atacama corridor, ceded to Chile in 1884, but Chile offers instead unrestricted but not sovereign maritime access through Chile for Bolivian products; contraband smuggling, human trafficking, and illegal narcotic trafficking are problems in the porous areas of its border regions with all of its neighbors (Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Paraguay, and Peru)
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Country Comparison :: Public debt
49.00
Public debt
49.00
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Country Comparison :: GDP - real growth rate
4.20
Country Comparison :: Gross national saving
15.70
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)
-7.8% (of GDP)(2017 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$83,720,000,000
Industrial production growth rate
2.20

Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Bolivien
126 578 000 EUR
104 321 000 EUR
-17.58 %
Bekleidung
Bolivien
31 000 EUR
32 000 EUR
3.23 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Bolivien
17 049 000 EUR
17 199 000 EUR
0.88 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Bolivien
12 047 000 EUR
8 541 000 EUR
-29.10 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Bolivien
9 041 000 EUR
4 391 000 EUR
-51.43 %
Energieversorgung
Bolivien
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Bolivien
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erze
Bolivien
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Bolivien
296 000 EUR
163 000 EUR
-44.93 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Bolivien
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Bolivien
175 000 EUR
25 000 EUR
-85.71 %
Getränke
Bolivien
322 000 EUR
265 000 EUR
-17.70 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Bolivien
3 032 000 EUR
1 618 000 EUR
-46.64 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Bolivien
3 884 000 EUR
2 383 000 EUR
-38.65 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Bolivien
405 000 EUR
345 000 EUR
-14.81 %
Kohle
Bolivien
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Bolivien
482 000 EUR
587 000 EUR
21.78 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Bolivien
9 933 000 EUR
6 822 000 EUR
-31.32 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Bolivien
51 000 EUR
85 000 EUR
66.67 %
Maschinen
Bolivien
34 253 000 EUR
37 521 000 EUR
9.54 %
Metalle
Bolivien
1 185 000 EUR
394 000 EUR
-66.75 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Bolivien
4 732 000 EUR
2 564 000 EUR
-45.82 %
Möbel
Bolivien
466 000 EUR
388 000 EUR
-16.74 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Bolivien
1 531 000 EUR
1 581 000 EUR
3.27 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Bolivien
3 840 000 EUR
2 139 000 EUR
-44.30 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Bolivien
5 511 000 EUR
4 442 000 EUR
-19.40 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Bolivien
1 057 000 EUR
1 068 000 EUR
1.04 %
Sonstige Waren
Bolivien
15 638 000 EUR
11 575 000 EUR
-25.98 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbaürzeugnisse
Bolivien
21 000 EUR
8 000 EUR
-61.90 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Bolivien
1 388 000 EUR
0 EUR
-100.00 %
Textilien
Bolivien
208 000 EUR
185 000 EUR
-11.06 %