Kanada - Daten & Fakten

Daten & Fakten
Flagge:    Kanada Kanada
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Capital
name: Ottawa geographic coordinates: 45 25 N, 75 42 W time difference: UTC-5 (same time as Washington, DC, during Standard Time) daylight saving time: +1hr, begins second Sunday in March; ends first Sunday in November etymology: the city lies on the south bank of the Ottawa River, from which it derives its name; the river name comes from the Algonquin word "adawe" meaning "to trade" and refers to the indigenous peoples who used the river as a trade highwaynote: Canada has six time zones
Citizenship
citizenship by birth: yes citizenship by descent only: yes dual citizenship recognized: yes residency requirement for naturalization: minimum of 3 of last 5 years resident in Canada
Regierungstyp
federal parliamentary democracy (Parliament of Canada) under a constitutional monarchy; a Commonwealth realm; federal and state authorities and responsibilities regulated in constitution
Legal system
common law system except in Quebec, where civil law based on the French civil code prevails
Suffrage
18 years of age; universal
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Country Comparison :: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
11.1
Country Comparison :: GDP - per capita (PPP)
$48,400
Country Comparison :: Labor force
19,520,000
Country Comparison :: Unemployment rate
6.30
Labor force
19,520,000
Population below poverty line
9.4%(2008 est.) note: this figure is the Low Income Cut-Off, a calculation that results in higher figures than found in many comparable economies; Canada does not have an official poverty line
Unemployment rate
6.3%(2017 est.)7%(2016 est.)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
total:11.1%male:12.5%female:9.6%(2018 est.)
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Age structure
0-14 years:15.43%(male 2,839,236 /female 2,698,592)15-24 years:11.62%(male 2,145,626 /female 2,023,369)25-54 years:39.62%(male 7,215,261 /female 7,002,546)55-64 years:14.24%(male 2,538,820 /female 2,570,709)65 years and over:19.08%(male 3,055,560 /female 3,791,940)(2018 est.)
Birth rate
10.2 births/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Death rate
8.80
Languages
English (official) 58.7%, French (official) 22%, Punjabi 1.4%, Italian 1.3%, Spanish 1.3%, German 1.3%, Cantonese 1.2%, Tagalog 1.2%, Arabic 1.1%, other 10.5% (2011 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
82.00
Major urban areas - population
6.082 million Toronto, 4.172 million Montreal, 2.531 million Vancouver, 1.477 million Calgary, 1.397 million Edmonton, 1.363 million OTTAWA (capital) (2018)
Median age
total:42.4 yearsmale:41.1 yearsfemale:43.7 years(2018 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
28.1 years (2012 est.)
Net migration rate
5.7 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Population distribution
vast majority of Canadians are positioned in a discontinuous band within approximately 300 km of the southern border with the United States; the most populated province is Ontario, followed by Quebec and British Columbia
Population growth rate
0.72%(2018 est.)
Total fertility rate
1.6 children born/woman(2018 est.)
Urbanization
rate of urbanization: 0.97% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
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Age structure
0-14 years:15.43%(male 2,839,236 /female 2,698,592)15-24 years:11.62%(male 2,145,626 /female 2,023,369)25-54 years:39.62%(male 7,215,261 /female 7,002,546)55-64 years:14.24%(male 2,538,820 /female 2,570,709)65 years and over:19.08%(male 3,055,560 /female 3,791,940)(2018 est.)
Birth rate
10.2 births/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Death rate
8.80
Languages
English (official) 58.7%, French (official) 22%, Punjabi 1.4%, Italian 1.3%, Spanish 1.3%, German 1.3%, Cantonese 1.2%, Tagalog 1.2%, Arabic 1.1%, other 10.5% (2011 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
82.00
Major urban areas - population
6.082 million Toronto, 4.172 million Montreal, 2.531 million Vancouver, 1.477 million Calgary, 1.397 million Edmonton, 1.363 million OTTAWA (capital) (2018)
Median age
total:42.4 yearsmale:41.1 yearsfemale:43.7 years(2018 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
28.1 years (2012 est.)
Net migration rate
5.7 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Population distribution
vast majority of Canadians are positioned in a discontinuous band within approximately 300 km of the southern border with the United States; the most populated province is Ontario, followed by Quebec and British Columbia
Population growth rate
0.72%(2018 est.)
Total fertility rate
1.6 children born/woman(2018 est.)
Urbanization
rate of urbanization: 0.97% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
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Education expenditures
5.30
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
female: 17 years (2016)
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Education expenditures
5.30
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
female: 17 years (2016)
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Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$1,039,000,000,000
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$1,371,000,000,000
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$1.371 trillion(31 December 2017 est.)$1.277 trillion(31 December 2016 est.)
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$1,039,000,000,000
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Country Comparison :: Central bank discount rate
1.00
Central bank discount rate
1.00
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Country Comparison :: Exports
$423,500,000,000
Exports
$423,500,000,000
Exports - partners
US 76.4%, China 4.3% (2017)
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Area
total:9,984,670 sq kmland:9,093,507 sq kmwater:891,163 sq km
Land use
agricultural land:6.8%(2011 est.)arable land:4.7%(2011 est.) / permanent crops:0.5%(2011 est.) / permanent pasture:1.6%(2011 est.)forest:34.1%(2011 est.)other:59.1%(2011 est.)
Location
Northern North America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean on the east, North Pacific Ocean on the west, and the Arctic Ocean on the north, north of the conterminous US
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Country Comparison :: Imports
$442,100,000,000
Imports
$442,100,000,000
Imports - partners
US 51.5%, China 12.6%, Mexico 6.3% (2017)
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Country Comparison :: Inflation rate (consumer prices)
1.60
Inflation rate (consumer prices)
1.60
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Country Comparison :: Electricity - production
649,600,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - consumption
522,200,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - exports
73,350,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - imports
2,682,000,000
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - production
3,977,000
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - exports
2,818,000
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - imports
806,700
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - production
159,100,000,000
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - exports
83,960,000,000
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - imports
26,360,000,000
Country Comparison :: Telephones - fixed lines
14,700,854
Country Comparison :: Telephones - mobile cellular
31,458,600
Country Comparison :: Internet users
31,770,034
Country Comparison :: Broadband - fixed subscriptions
13,922,504
Country Comparison :: Airports
1,467
Country Comparison :: Railways
77,932
Country Comparison :: Roadways
1,042,300
Country Comparison :: Waterways
636
Airports
1,467
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total:13,922,504(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:39(2017 est.)
Crude oil - exports
2,818,000
Crude oil - imports
806,700 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Crude oil - production
3.977 million bbl/day(2017 est.)
Electricity - consumption
522,200,000,000
Electricity - exports
73,350,000,000
Electricity - imports
2,682,000,000
Electricity - production
649,600,000,000
Internet users
total: 31,770,034 (July 2016 est.)
Natural gas - exports
83,960,000,000
Natural gas - imports
26.36 billion cu m(2017 est.)
Natural gas - production
159.1 billion cu m(2017 est.)
Railways
total:77,932 km(2014)standard gauge:77,932 km1.435-m gauge(2014)
Roadways
1,042,300
Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions:14,700,854(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:41(2017 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
31,458,600
Waterways
636
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Disputes - international
managed maritime boundary disputes with the US at Dixon Entrance, Beaufort Sea, Strait of Juan de Fuca, and the Gulf of Maine, including the disputed Machias Seal Island and North Rock; Canada and the United States dispute how to divide the Beaufort Sea and the status of the Northwest Passage but continue to work cooperatively to survey the Arctic continental shelf; US works closely with Canada to intensify security measures for monitoring and controlling legal and illegal movement of people, transport, and commodities across the international border; sovereignty dispute with Denmark over Hans Island in the Kennedy Channel between Ellesmere Island and Greenland; commencing the collection of technical evidence for submission to the Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf in support of claims for continental shelf beyond 200 nm from its declared baselines in the Arctic, as stipulated in Article 76, paragraph 8, of the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea
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Country Comparison :: Public debt
89.70
Public debt
89.70
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Country Comparison :: GDP - real growth rate
3.00
Country Comparison :: Gross national saving
20.80
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)
-1% (of GDP)(2017 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$1,774,000,000,000
Industrial production growth rate
4.90

Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Kanada
10 913 514 000 EUR
9 333 411 000 EUR
-14.48 %
Bekleidung
Kanada
56 373 000 EUR
42 695 000 EUR
-24.26 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Kanada
503 878 000 EUR
475 610 000 EUR
-5.61 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Kanada
638 656 000 EUR
585 568 000 EUR
-8.31 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Kanada
608 762 000 EUR
532 501 000 EUR
-12.53 %
Energieversorgung
Kanada
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Kanada
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erze
Kanada
637 000 EUR
709 000 EUR
11.30 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Kanada
20 574 000 EUR
14 758 000 EUR
-28.27 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Kanada
352 000 EUR
187 000 EUR
-46.88 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Kanada
1 006 000 EUR
72 000 EUR
-92.84 %
Getränke
Kanada
62 969 000 EUR
57 408 000 EUR
-8.83 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Kanada
98 604 000 EUR
86 832 000 EUR
-11.94 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Kanada
203 900 000 EUR
194 176 000 EUR
-4.77 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Kanada
67 960 000 EUR
61 898 000 EUR
-8.92 %
Kohle
Kanada
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Kanada
27 124 000 EUR
25 933 000 EUR
-4.39 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Kanada
2 637 492 000 EUR
1 772 730 000 EUR
-32.79 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Kanada
60 442 000 EUR
41 240 000 EUR
-31.77 %
Maschinen
Kanada
1 942 545 000 EUR
1 567 460 000 EUR
-19.31 %
Metalle
Kanada
474 737 000 EUR
564 566 000 EUR
18.92 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Kanada
274 190 000 EUR
241 062 000 EUR
-12.08 %
Möbel
Kanada
58 296 000 EUR
45 457 000 EUR
-22.02 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Kanada
231 260 000 EUR
235 975 000 EUR
2.04 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Kanada
79 348 000 EUR
70 446 000 EUR
-11.22 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Kanada
1 319 917 000 EUR
1 224 480 000 EUR
-7.23 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Kanada
1 155 966 000 EUR
1 098 563 000 EUR
-4.97 %
Sonstige Waren
Kanada
336 372 000 EUR
343 575 000 EUR
2.14 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbaürzeugnisse
Kanada
2 799 000 EUR
1 707 000 EUR
-39.01 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Kanada
1 528 000 EUR
2 745 000 EUR
79.65 %
Textilien
Kanada
47 827 000 EUR
45 058 000 EUR
-5.79 %