Schweiz - Daten & Fakten

Daten & Fakten
Flagge:    Schweiz Schweiz
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Capital
name: Bern geographic coordinates: 46 55 N, 7 28 E time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time) daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
Citizenship
citizenship by birth: no citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Switzerland dual citizenship recognized: yes residency requirement for naturalization: 12 years including at least 3 of the last 5 years prior to application
Regierungstyp
federal republic (formally a confederation)
Legal system
civil law system; judicial review of legislative acts, except for federal decrees of a general obligatory character
Suffrage
18 years of age; universal
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Country Comparison :: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
8.1
Country Comparison :: GDP - per capita (PPP)
$62,100
Country Comparison :: Labor force
5,159,000
Country Comparison :: Unemployment rate
3.20
Labor force
5,159,000
Population below poverty line
6.6%(2014 est.)
Unemployment rate
3.2%(2017 est.)3.3%(2016 est.)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
total:8.1%male:8.1%female:8%(2017 est.)
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Age structure
0-14 years:15.23%(male 650,151 /female 612,479)15-24 years:10.69%(male 453,003 /female 433,101)25-54 years:42.88%(male 1,781,425 /female 1,774,124)55-64 years:12.88%(male 535,457 /female 532,454)65 years and over:18.34%(male 672,024 /female 848,591)(2018 est.)
Birth rate
10.5 births/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Death rate
8.40
Languages
German (or Swiss German) (official) 62.6%, French (official) 22.9%, Italian (official) 8.2%, English 5.4%, Portuguese 3.7%, Albanian 3.2%, Serbo-Croatian 2.5%, Spanish 2.4%, Romansh (official) 0.5%, other 7.7% (2017 est.) note: German, French, Italian, and Romansh are all national and official languages; shares sum to more than 100% because some respondents gave more than one answer
Life expectancy at birth
82.70
Major urban areas - population
1.371 million Zurich, 422,000 BERN (capital) (2018)
Median age
total:42.5 yearsmale:41.5 yearsfemale:43.5 years(2018 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
30.7 years (2014 est.)
Net migration rate
4.6 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Population distribution
population distribution corresponds to elevation with the northern and western areas far more heavily populated; the higher Alps of the south limit settlement
Population growth rate
0.68%(2018 est.)
Total fertility rate
1.56 children born/woman(2018 est.)
Urbanization
rate of urbanization: 0.88% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
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Education expenditures
5.10
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
female: 16 years (2016)
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Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$1,489,000,000,000
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$1,701,000,000,000
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$1.701 trillion(31 December 2017 est.)$1.528 trillion(31 December 2016 est.)
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$1,489,000,000,000
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Country Comparison :: Central bank discount rate
0.50
Central bank discount rate
0.50
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Country Comparison :: Exports
$313,500,000,000
Exports
$313,500,000,000
Exports - partners
Germany 15.2%, US 12.3%, China 8.2%, India 6.7%, France 5.7%, UK 5.7%, Hong Kong 5.4%, Italy 5.3% (2017)
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Area
total:41,277 sq kmland:39,997 sq kmwater:1,280 sq km
Land use
agricultural land:38.7%(2011 est.)arable land:10.2%(2011 est.) / permanent crops:0.6%(2011 est.) / permanent pasture:27.9%(2011 est.)forest:31.5%(2011 est.)other:29.8%(2011 est.)
Location
Central Europe, east of France, north of Italy
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Country Comparison :: Imports
$264,500,000,000
Imports
$264,500,000,000
Imports - partners
Germany 20.9%, US 7.9%, Italy 7.6%, UK 7.3%, France 6.8%, China 5% (2017)
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Country Comparison :: Inflation rate (consumer prices)
0.50
Inflation rate (consumer prices)
0.50
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Country Comparison :: Electricity - production
59,010,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - consumption
58,460,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - exports
30,170,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - imports
34,100,000,000
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - production
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - exports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - imports
57,400
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - production
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - exports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - imports
3,681,000,000
Country Comparison :: Telephones - fixed lines
3,672,500
Country Comparison :: Telephones - mobile cellular
11,292,000
Country Comparison :: Internet users
7,312,744
Country Comparison :: Broadband - fixed subscriptions
3,850,000
Country Comparison :: Airports
63
Country Comparison :: Railways
5,652
Country Comparison :: Roadways
71,464
Country Comparison :: Waterways
1,292
Airports
63
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total:3.85 million(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:47(2017 est.)
Crude oil - exports
0
Crude oil - imports
57,400 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Crude oil - production
0 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Electricity - consumption
58,460,000,000
Electricity - exports
30,170,000,000
Electricity - imports
34,100,000,000
Electricity - production
59,010,000,000
Internet users
total: 7,312,744 (July 2016 est.)
Natural gas - exports
0
Natural gas - imports
3.681 billion cu m(2017 est.)
Natural gas - production
0 cu m(2017 est.)
Railways
total:5,196 km(includes 19 km in neighboring countries)(2015)standard gauge:3,836 km1.435-m gauge (3,634.1 km electrified)(2015)narrow gauge:1,630 km1.200-m gauge (2 km electrified) (includes 19 km in neighboring countries)(2015) 1188.3 1.000-m gauge (1,167.3 km electrified) 36.4 0.800-m gauge (36.4 km electrified)
Roadways
71,557
Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions:3,672,500(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:45(2017 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
11,292,000
Waterways
1,292
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Disputes - international
none
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Country Comparison :: Public debt
41.80
Public debt
41.80
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Country Comparison :: GDP - real growth rate
1.70
Country Comparison :: Gross national saving
33.80
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)
1.1% (of GDP)(2017 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$523,100,000,000
Industrial production growth rate
3.40

Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Schweiz
56 264 591 000 EUR
60 620 649 000 EUR
7.74 %
Bekleidung
Schweiz
3 004 194 000 EUR
3 104 888 000 EUR
3.35 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Schweiz
4 081 088 000 EUR
4 584 011 000 EUR
12.32 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Schweiz
3 686 932 000 EUR
3 938 107 000 EUR
6.81 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Schweiz
2 973 787 000 EUR
3 279 401 000 EUR
10.28 %
Energieversorgung
Schweiz
446 883 000 EUR
1 793 151 000 EUR
301.26 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Schweiz
24 686 000 EUR
3 187 000 EUR
-87.09 %
Erze
Schweiz
853 000 EUR
706 000 EUR
-17.23 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Schweiz
377 652 000 EUR
415 969 000 EUR
10.15 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Schweiz
7 365 000 EUR
7 083 000 EUR
-3.83 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Schweiz
12 569 000 EUR
12 924 000 EUR
2.82 %
Getränke
Schweiz
238 968 000 EUR
256 003 000 EUR
7.13 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Schweiz
1 057 061 000 EUR
1 130 242 000 EUR
6.92 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Schweiz
2 298 600 000 EUR
2 545 082 000 EUR
10.72 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Schweiz
786 423 000 EUR
916 302 000 EUR
16.52 %
Kohle
Schweiz
6 816 000 EUR
12 424 000 EUR
82.28 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Schweiz
1 476 277 000 EUR
2 004 687 000 EUR
35.79 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Schweiz
4 309 062 000 EUR
4 553 573 000 EUR
5.67 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Schweiz
995 220 000 EUR
955 715 000 EUR
-3.97 %
Maschinen
Schweiz
4 988 785 000 EUR
5 403 595 000 EUR
8.31 %
Metalle
Schweiz
5 476 768 000 EUR
4 317 615 000 EUR
-21.16 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Schweiz
2 263 325 000 EUR
2 571 044 000 EUR
13.60 %
Möbel
Schweiz
1 227 517 000 EUR
1 335 967 000 EUR
8.83 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Schweiz
1 615 304 000 EUR
1 758 707 000 EUR
8.88 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Schweiz
810 281 000 EUR
893 016 000 EUR
10.21 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Schweiz
8 294 914 000 EUR
8 411 654 000 EUR
1.41 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Schweiz
1 534 389 000 EUR
1 453 061 000 EUR
-5.30 %
Sonstige Waren
Schweiz
3 424 331 000 EUR
4 121 647 000 EUR
20.36 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbaürzeugnisse
Schweiz
97 929 000 EUR
96 295 000 EUR
-1.67 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Schweiz
61 997 000 EUR
73 303 000 EUR
18.24 %
Textilien
Schweiz
684 615 000 EUR
671 290 000 EUR
-1.95 %