Chile - Daten & Fakten

Daten & Fakten
Flagge:    Chile Chile
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Capital
name: Santiago; note - Valparaiso is the seat of the national legislature geographic coordinates: 33 27 S, 70 40 W time difference: UTC-3 (2 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time) daylight saving time: +1hr, begins second Sunday in August; ends second Sunday in May; note - Punta Arenas observes DST throughout the year etymology: Santiago is named after the biblical figure Saint James (ca. A.D. 3-44), patron saint of Spain, but especially revered in Galicia; "Santiago" derives from the local Galician evolution of the Vulgar Latin "Sanctu Iacobu"; Valparaiso derives from the Spanish "Valle Paraiso" meaning "Paradise Valley"note: Chile has three time zones: the continental portion at UTC-3; the southern Magallanes region, which does not use daylight savings time and remains at UTC-3 for the summer months; and Easter Island at UTC-5
Citizenship
citizenship by birth: yes citizenship by descent only: yes dual citizenship recognized: yes residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years
Regierungstyp
presidential republic
Legal system
civil law system influenced by several West European civil legal systems; judicial review of legislative acts by the Constitutional Tribunal
Suffrage
18 years of age; universal
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Country Comparison :: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
18.1
Country Comparison :: GDP - per capita (PPP)
$24,600
Country Comparison :: Labor force
8,881,000
Country Comparison :: Unemployment rate
6.70
Labor force
8,881,000
Population below poverty line
14.4%(2013)
Unemployment rate
6.7%(2017 est.)6.5%(2016 est.)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
total:18.1%male:16.7%female:20.2%(2018 est.)
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Age structure
0-14 years:19.98%(male 1,827,657 /female 1,754,253)15-24 years:14.63%(male 1,337,663 /female 1,285,514)25-54 years:42.94%(male 3,851,775 /female 3,845,195)55-64 years:11.32%(male 957,872 /female 1,070,975)65 years and over:11.13%(male 836,489 /female 1,157,869)(2018 est.)
Birth rate
13.4 births/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Death rate
6.30
Languages
Spanish 99.5% (official), English 10.2%, indigenous 1% (includes Mapudungun, Aymara, Quechua, Rapa Nui), other 2.3%, unspecified 0.2% (2012 est.) note: shares sum to more than 100% because some respondents gave more than one answer on the census
Life expectancy at birth
79.10
Major urban areas - population
6.68 million SANTIAGO (capital), 967,000 Valparaiso, 857,000 Concepcion (2018)
Median age
total:34.8 yearsmale:33.6 yearsfemale:36 years(2018 est.)
Net migration rate
0.3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Population distribution
90% of the population is located in the middle third of the country around the capital of Santiago; the far north (anchored by the Atacama Desert) and the extreme south are relatively underpopulated
Population growth rate
0.75%(2018 est.)
Total fertility rate
1.79 children born/woman(2018 est.)
Urbanization
rate of urbanization: 0.87% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
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Education expenditures
5.40
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
female: 17 years (2016)
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Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$206,200,000,000
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$95,370,000,000
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$95.37 billion(31 December 2017 est.)$90.54 billion(31 December 2016 est.)
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$206,200,000,000
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Country Comparison :: Central bank discount rate
3.35
Central bank discount rate
3.35
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Country Comparison :: Exports
$69,230,000,000
Exports
$69,230,000,000
Exports - partners
China 27.5%, US 14.5%, Japan 9.3%, South Korea 6.2%, Brazil 5% (2017)
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Area
total:756,102 sq kmland:743,812 sq kmwater:12,290 sq km note: includes Easter Island (Isla de Pascua) and Isla Sala y Gomez
Land use
agricultural land:21.1%(2011 est.)arable land:1.7%(2011 est.) / permanent crops:0.6%(2011 est.) / permanent pasture:18.8%(2011 est.)forest:21.9%(2011 est.)other:57%(2011 est.)
Location
Southern South America, bordering the South Pacific Ocean, between Argentina and Peru
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Country Comparison :: Imports
$61,310,000,000
Imports
$61,310,000,000
Imports - partners
China 23.9%, US 18.1%, Brazil 8.6%, Argentina 4.5%, Germany 4% (2017)
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Country Comparison :: Inflation rate (consumer prices)
2.20
Inflation rate (consumer prices)
2.20
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Country Comparison :: Electricity - production
76,090,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - consumption
73,220,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - exports
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - imports
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - production
3,244
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - exports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - imports
169,600
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - production
1,218,000,000
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - exports
277,500,000
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - imports
4,446,000,000
Country Comparison :: Telephones - fixed lines
3,193,131
Country Comparison :: Telephones - mobile cellular
23,013,147
Country Comparison :: Internet users
11,650,840
Country Comparison :: Broadband - fixed subscriptions
3,058,979
Country Comparison :: Airports
481
Country Comparison :: Railways
7,282
Airports
481
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total:3,058,979(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:17(2017 est.)
Crude oil - exports
0
Crude oil - imports
169,600 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Crude oil - production
3,244 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Electricity - consumption
73,220,000,000
Electricity - exports
0
Electricity - imports
0
Electricity - production
76,090,000,000
Internet users
total: 11,650,840 (July 2016 est.)
Natural gas - exports
277,500,000
Natural gas - imports
4.446 billion cu m(2017 est.)
Natural gas - production
1.218 billion cu m(2017 est.)
Railways
total:7,282 km(2014)narrow gauge:3,853.5 km1.000-m gauge(2014)broad gauge:3,428 km1.676-m gauge (1,691 km electrified)(2014)
Roadways
77,801
Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions:3,193,131(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:18(2017 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
23,013,147
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Disputes - international
Chile and Peru rebuff Bolivia's reactivated claim to restore the Atacama corridor, ceded to Chile in 1884, but Chile has offered instead unrestricted but not sovereign maritime access through Chile to Bolivian natural gas; Chile rejects Peru's unilateral legislation to change its latitudinal maritime boundary with Chile to an equidistance line with a southwestern axis favoring Peru; in October 2007, Peru took its maritime complaint with Chile to the ICJ; territorial claim in Antarctica (Chilean Antarctic Territory) partially overlaps Argentine and British claims; the joint boundary commission, established by Chile and Argentina in 2001, has yet to map and demarcate the delimited boundary in the inhospitable Andean Southern Ice Field (Campo de Hielo Sur)
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Country Comparison :: Public debt
23.60
Public debt
23.60
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Country Comparison :: GDP - real growth rate
1.50
Country Comparison :: Gross national saving
20.50
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)
-2.8% (of GDP)(2017 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$452,100,000,000
Industrial production growth rate
-0.40

Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Chile
1 891 482 000 EUR
2 716 272 000 EUR
43.61 %
Bekleidung
Chile
13 173 000 EUR
17 676 000 EUR
34.18 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Chile
174 606 000 EUR
215 955 000 EUR
23.68 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Chile
101 500 000 EUR
110 044 000 EUR
8.42 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Chile
170 324 000 EUR
121 508 000 EUR
-28.66 %
Energieversorgung
Chile
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Chile
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erze
Chile
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Chile
3 268 000 EUR
4 579 000 EUR
40.12 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Chile
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Chile
20 000 EUR
10 000 EUR
-50.00 %
Getränke
Chile
17 889 000 EUR
41 544 000 EUR
132.23 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Chile
18 164 000 EUR
20 537 000 EUR
13.06 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Chile
95 189 000 EUR
118 867 000 EUR
24.87 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Chile
21 166 000 EUR
43 905 000 EUR
107.43 %
Kohle
Chile
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Chile
12 663 000 EUR
26 390 000 EUR
108.40 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Chile
175 969 000 EUR
326 782 000 EUR
85.70 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Chile
2 981 000 EUR
9 594 000 EUR
221.84 %
Maschinen
Chile
487 023 000 EUR
509 989 000 EUR
4.72 %
Metalle
Chile
26 173 000 EUR
34 649 000 EUR
32.38 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Chile
71 546 000 EUR
104 452 000 EUR
45.99 %
Möbel
Chile
7 213 000 EUR
7 136 000 EUR
-1.07 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Chile
120 792 000 EUR
209 680 000 EUR
73.59 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Chile
38 043 000 EUR
45 702 000 EUR
20.13 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Chile
153 910 000 EUR
204 094 000 EUR
32.61 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Chile
79 967 000 EUR
428 939 000 EUR
436.40 %
Sonstige Waren
Chile
86 040 000 EUR
98 502 000 EUR
14.48 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbaürzeugnisse
Chile
1 558 000 EUR
2 359 000 EUR
51.41 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Chile
284 000 EUR
281 000 EUR
-1.06 %
Textilien
Chile
12 021 000 EUR
13 098 000 EUR
8.96 %