Äthiopien - Daten & Fakten

Daten & Fakten
Flagge:    Äthiopien Äthiopien
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Capital
name: Addis Ababa geographic coordinates: 9 02 N, 38 42 E time difference: UTC+3 (8 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time) etymology: the name in Amharic means "new flower" and was bestowed on the city in 1889, three years after its founding
Citizenship
citizenship by birth: no citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Ethiopia dual citizenship recognized: no residency requirement for naturalization: 4 years
Regierungstyp
federal parliamentary republic
Legal system
civil law system
Suffrage
18 years of age; universal
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Country Comparison :: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
25.2
Country Comparison :: GDP - per capita (PPP)
$2,200
Country Comparison :: Labor force
52,820,000
Country Comparison :: Unemployment rate
17.50
Labor force
52,820,000
Population below poverty line
29.6%(2014 est.)
Unemployment rate
17.5%(2012 est.)18%(2011 est.)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
total:25.2%male:17.1%female:30.9%(2016 est.)
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Age structure
0-14 years:43.21%(male 23,494,593 /female 23,336,508)15-24 years:20.18%(male 10,857,968 /female 11,011,100)25-54 years:29.73%(male 15,978,384 /female 16,247,086)55-64 years:3.92%(male 2,059,129 /female 2,185,814)65 years and over:2.97%(male 1,445,547 /female 1,770,262)(2018 est.)
Birth rate
36 births/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Death rate
7.50
Languages
Oromo (official working language in the State of Oromiya) 33.8%, Amharic (official national language) 29.3%, Somali (official working language of the State of Sumale) 6.2%, Tigrigna (Tigrinya) (official working language of the State of Tigray) 5.9%, Sidamo 4%, Wolaytta 2.2%, Gurage 2%, Afar (official working language of the State of Afar) 1.7%, Hadiyya 1.7%, Gamo 1.5%, Gedeo 1.3%, Opuuo 1.2%, Kafa 1.1%, other 8.1%, English (major foreign language taught in schools), Arabic (2007 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
63.00
Major urban areas - population
4.4 million ADDIS ABABA (capital) (2018)
Median age
total:18 yearsmale:17.8 yearsfemale:18.2 years(2018 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
20 years (2016 est.)
Net migration rate
-0.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Population distribution
highest density is found in the highlands of the north and middle areas of the country, particularly around the centrally located capital city of Addis Ababa; the far east and southeast are sparsely populated
Population growth rate
2.83%(2018 est.)
Total fertility rate
4.91 children born/woman(2018 est.)
Urbanization
rate of urbanization: 4.63% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
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Education expenditures
4.70
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
female: 8 years (2012)
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Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
(31 December 2009 est.)
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Country Comparison :: Exports
$3,230,000,000
Exports
$3,230,000,000
Exports - partners
Sudan 23.3%, Switzerland 10.2%, China 8.1%, Somalia 6.6%, Netherlands 6.2%, US 4.7%, Germany 4.7%, Saudi Arabia 4.6%, UK 4.6% (2017)
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Area
total:1,104,300 sq kmland:1,096,570 sq kmwater:7,730 sq km note: area numbers are approximate since a large portion of the Ethiopia-Somalia border is undefined
Land use
agricultural land:36.3%(2011 est.)arable land:15.2%(2011 est.) / permanent crops:1.1%(2011 est.) / permanent pasture:20%(2011 est.)forest:12.2%(2011 est.)other:51.5%(2011 est.)
Location
Eastern Africa, west of Somalia
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Country Comparison :: Imports
$15,590,000,000
Imports
$15,590,000,000
Imports - partners
China 24.1%, Saudi Arabia 10.1%, India 6.4%, Kuwait 5.3%, France 5.2% (2017)
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Country Comparison :: Inflation rate (consumer prices)
9.90
Inflation rate (consumer prices)
9.90
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Country Comparison :: Electricity - production
11,150,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - consumption
9,062,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - exports
166,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - imports
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - production
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - exports
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - imports
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - production
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - exports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - imports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - fixed lines
1,181,000
Country Comparison :: Telephones - mobile cellular
62,617,000
Country Comparison :: Internet users
15,731,741
Country Comparison :: Broadband - fixed subscriptions
580,120
Country Comparison :: Airports
57
Country Comparison :: Railways
659
Country Comparison :: Roadways
120,171
Airports
57
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total:580,120(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:1(2017 est.)
Crude oil - exports
0
Crude oil - imports
0 bbl/day(2015 est.)
Crude oil - production
0 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Electricity - consumption
9,062,000,000
Electricity - exports
166,000,000
Electricity - imports
0
Electricity - production
11,150,000,000
Internet users
total: 15,731,741 (July 2016 est.)
Natural gas - exports
0
Natural gas - imports
0 cu m(2017 est.)
Natural gas - production
0 cu m(2017 est.)
Railways
total:659 km(Ethiopian segment of the 756 km Addis Ababa-Djibouti railroad)(2017)standard gauge:659 km1.435-m gauge(2017) note: electric railway with redundant power supplies; under joint control of Djibouti and Ethiopia and managed by a Chinese contractor
Roadways
120,171
Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions:1.181 million(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:1(2017 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
62,617,000
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Disputes - international
Eritrea and Ethiopia agreed to abide by the 2002 Eritrea-Ethiopia Boundary Commission's (EEBC) delimitation decision, but neither party responded to the revised line detailed in the November 2006 EEBC Demarcation Statement; the undemarcated former British administrative line has little meaning as a political separation to rival clans within Ethiopia's Ogaden and southern Somalia's Oromo region; Ethiopian forces invaded southern Somalia and routed Islamist courts from Mogadishu in January 2007; "Somaliland" secessionists provide port facilities in Berbera and trade ties to landlocked Ethiopia; civil unrest in eastern Sudan has hampered efforts to demarcate the porous boundary with Ethiopia
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Country Comparison :: Public debt
54.20
Public debt
54.20
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Country Comparison :: GDP - real growth rate
10.90
Country Comparison :: Gross national saving
32.10
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)
-3.2% (of GDP)(2017 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$200,600,000,000
Industrial production growth rate
10.50

Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Äthiopien
237 195 000 EUR
152 095 000 EUR
-35.88 %
Bekleidung
Äthiopien
790 000 EUR
767 000 EUR
-2.91 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Äthiopien
34 009 000 EUR
23 480 000 EUR
-30.96 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Äthiopien
24 960 000 EUR
15 434 000 EUR
-38.17 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Äthiopien
5 687 000 EUR
3 571 000 EUR
-37.21 %
Energieversorgung
Äthiopien
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Äthiopien
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erze
Äthiopien
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Äthiopien
845 000 EUR
477 000 EUR
-43.55 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Äthiopien
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Äthiopien
1 000 EUR
1 000 EUR
0.00 %
Getränke
Äthiopien
38 000 EUR
17 000 EUR
-55.26 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Äthiopien
1 828 000 EUR
505 000 EUR
-72.37 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Äthiopien
2 594 000 EUR
2 919 000 EUR
12.53 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Äthiopien
116 000 EUR
97 000 EUR
-16.38 %
Kohle
Äthiopien
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Äthiopien
303 000 EUR
379 000 EUR
25.08 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Äthiopien
48 500 000 EUR
49 704 000 EUR
2.48 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Äthiopien
223 000 EUR
326 000 EUR
46.19 %
Maschinen
Äthiopien
47 262 000 EUR
27 719 000 EUR
-41.35 %
Metalle
Äthiopien
1 465 000 EUR
1 013 000 EUR
-30.85 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Äthiopien
8 777 000 EUR
3 896 000 EUR
-55.61 %
Möbel
Äthiopien
3 308 000 EUR
325 000 EUR
-90.18 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Äthiopien
4 155 000 EUR
2 792 000 EUR
-32.80 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Äthiopien
2 771 000 EUR
1 890 000 EUR
-31.79 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Äthiopien
6 902 000 EUR
7 285 000 EUR
5.55 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Äthiopien
24 119 000 EUR
4 191 000 EUR
-82.62 %
Sonstige Waren
Äthiopien
17 683 000 EUR
4 072 000 EUR
-76.97 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbaürzeugnisse
Äthiopien
0 EUR
97 000 EUR
0.00 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Äthiopien
4 000 EUR
3 000 EUR
-25.00 %
Textilien
Äthiopien
855 000 EUR
1 135 000 EUR
32.75 %