Italien - Daten & Fakten

Daten & Fakten
Flagge:    Italien Italien
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Capital
name: Rome geographic coordinates: 41 54 N, 12 29 E time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time) daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October etymology: by tradition, named after Romulus, one of the legendary founders of the city and its first king
Citizenship
citizenship by birth: no citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Italy dual citizenship recognized: yes residency requirement for naturalization: 4 years for EU nationals, 5 years for refugees and specified exceptions, 10 years for all others
Regierungstyp
parliamentary republic
Legal system
civil law system; judicial review of legislation under certain conditions in Constitutional Court
Suffrage
18 years of age; universal except in senatorial elections, where minimum age is 25
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Country Comparison :: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
34.7
Country Comparison :: GDP - per capita (PPP)
$38,200
Country Comparison :: Labor force
25,940,000
Country Comparison :: Unemployment rate
11.30
Labor force
25,940,000
Population below poverty line
29.9%(2012 est.)
Unemployment rate
11.3%(2017 est.)11.7%(2016 est.)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
total:34.7%male:33%female:37.3%(2017 est.)
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Age structure
0-14 years:13.6%(male 4,326,862 /female 4,136,562)15-24 years:9.61%(male 2,994,651 /female 2,984,172)25-54 years:41.82%(male 12,845,442 /female 13,183,240)55-64 years:13.29%(male 4,012,640 /female 4,261,956)65 years and over:21.69%(male 5,817,819 /female 7,683,330)(2018 est.)
Birth rate
8.5 births/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Death rate
10.50
Languages
Italian (official), German (parts of Trentino-Alto Adige region are predominantly German speaking), French (small French-speaking minority in Valle d'Aosta region), Slovene (Slovene-speaking minority in the Trieste-Gorizia area)
Life expectancy at birth
82.40
Major urban areas - population
4.21 million ROME (capital), 3.132 million Milan, 2.198 million Naples, 1.786 million Turin, 874,000 Bergamo, 854,000 Palermo (2018)
Median age
total:45.8 yearsmale:44.7 yearsfemale:46.9 years(2018 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
30.7 years (2014 est.)
Net migration rate
3.6 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Population distribution
despite a distinctive pattern with an industrial north and an agrarian south, a fairly even population distribution exists throughout most of the country, with coastal areas, the Po River Valley, and urban centers (particularly Milan, Rome, and Naples), attracting larger and denser populations
Population growth rate
0.16%(2018 est.)
Total fertility rate
1.45 children born/woman(2018 est.)
Urbanization
rate of urbanization: 0.29% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
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Age structure
0-14 years:13.6%(male 4,326,862 /female 4,136,562)15-24 years:9.61%(male 2,994,651 /female 2,984,172)25-54 years:41.82%(male 12,845,442 /female 13,183,240)55-64 years:13.29%(male 4,012,640 /female 4,261,956)65 years and over:21.69%(male 5,817,819 /female 7,683,330)(2018 est.)
Birth rate
8.5 births/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Death rate
10.50
Languages
Italian (official), German (parts of Trentino-Alto Adige region are predominantly German speaking), French (small French-speaking minority in Valle d'Aosta region), Slovene (Slovene-speaking minority in the Trieste-Gorizia area)
Life expectancy at birth
82.40
Major urban areas - population
4.21 million ROME (capital), 3.132 million Milan, 2.198 million Naples, 1.786 million Turin, 874,000 Bergamo, 854,000 Palermo (2018)
Median age
total:45.8 yearsmale:44.7 yearsfemale:46.9 years(2018 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
30.7 years (2014 est.)
Net migration rate
3.6 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Population distribution
despite a distinctive pattern with an industrial north and an agrarian south, a fairly even population distribution exists throughout most of the country, with coastal areas, the Po River Valley, and urban centers (particularly Milan, Rome, and Naples), attracting larger and denser populations
Population growth rate
0.16%(2018 est.)
Total fertility rate
1.45 children born/woman(2018 est.)
Urbanization
rate of urbanization: 0.29% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
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Education expenditures
4.10
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
female: 17 years (2016)
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Education expenditures
4.10
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
female: 17 years (2016)
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Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$552,100,000,000
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$671,800,000,000
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$671.8 billion(31 December 2017 est.)$584.1 billion(31 December 2016 est.)
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$552,100,000,000
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Country Comparison :: Central bank discount rate
0.25
Central bank discount rate
0.25
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Country Comparison :: Exports
$496,300,000,000
Exports
$496,300,000,000
Exports - partners
Germany 12.5%, France 10.3%, US 9%, Spain 5.2%, UK 5.2%, Switzerland 4.6% (2017)
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Area
total:301,340 sq kmland:294,140 sq kmwater:7,200 sq km note: includes Sardinia and Sicily
Land use
agricultural land:47.1%(2011 est.)arable land:22.8%(2011 est.) / permanent crops:8.6%(2011 est.) / permanent pasture:15.7%(2011 est.)forest:31.4%(2011 est.)other:21.5%(2011 est.)
Location
Southern Europe, a peninsula extending into the central Mediterranean Sea, northeast of Tunisia
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Country Comparison :: Imports
$432,900,000,000
Imports
$432,900,000,000
Imports - partners
Germany 16.3%, France 8.8%, China 7.1%, Netherlands 5.6%, Spain 5.3%, Belgium 4.5% (2017)
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Country Comparison :: Inflation rate (consumer prices)
1.30
Inflation rate (consumer prices)
1.30
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Country Comparison :: Electricity - production
275,300,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - consumption
293,500,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - exports
6,155,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - imports
43,180,000,000
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - production
77,530
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - exports
13,790
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - imports
1,341,000
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - production
5,550,000,000
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - exports
271,800,000
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - imports
69,660,000,000
Country Comparison :: Telephones - fixed lines
20,700,659
Country Comparison :: Telephones - mobile cellular
83,871,543
Country Comparison :: Internet users
38,025,661
Country Comparison :: Broadband - fixed subscriptions
16,586,376
Country Comparison :: Airports
129
Country Comparison :: Railways
20,182
Country Comparison :: Roadways
487,700
Country Comparison :: Waterways
2,400
Airports
129
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total:16,586,376(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:27(2017 est.)
Crude oil - exports
13,790
Crude oil - imports
1.341 million bbl/day(2017 est.)
Crude oil - production
77,530 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Electricity - consumption
293,500,000,000
Electricity - exports
6,155,000,000
Electricity - imports
43,180,000,000
Electricity - production
275,300,000,000
Internet users
total: 38,025,661 (July 2016 est.)
Natural gas - exports
271,800,000
Natural gas - imports
69.66 billion cu m(2017 est.)
Natural gas - production
5.55 billion cu m(2017 est.)
Railways
total:20,182 km(2014)standard gauge:18,770.1 km1.435-m gauge (12,893.6 km electrified)(2014)narrow gauge:122.3 km1.000-m gauge (122.3 km electrified)(2014) 1289.3 0.950-m gauge (151.3 km electrified)
Roadways
487,700
Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions:20,700,659(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:33(2017 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
83,871,543
Waterways
2,400
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Disputes - international
Italy's long coastline and developed economy entices tens of thousands of illegal immigrants from southeastern Europe and northern Africa
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Country Comparison :: Public debt
131.80
Public debt
131.80
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Country Comparison :: GDP - real growth rate
1.50
Country Comparison :: Gross national saving
20.30
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)
-2.3% (of GDP)(2017 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$2,317,000,000,000
Industrial production growth rate
2.10

Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Italien
67 886 696 000 EUR
60 634 012 000 EUR
-10.68 %
Bekleidung
Italien
1 069 739 000 EUR
1 005 403 000 EUR
-6.01 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Italien
7 746 328 000 EUR
7 095 299 000 EUR
-8.40 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Italien
5 420 757 000 EUR
5 152 357 000 EUR
-4.95 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Italien
4 414 160 000 EUR
4 110 710 000 EUR
-6.87 %
Energieversorgung
Italien
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Italien
4 102 000 EUR
13 757 000 EUR
235.37 %
Erze
Italien
34 720 000 EUR
820 000 EUR
-97.64 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Italien
407 298 000 EUR
371 028 000 EUR
-8.91 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Italien
2 406 000 EUR
2 584 000 EUR
7.40 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Italien
9 669 000 EUR
5 461 000 EUR
-43.52 %
Getränke
Italien
421 805 000 EUR
319 192 000 EUR
-24.33 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Italien
810 765 000 EUR
722 596 000 EUR
-10.87 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Italien
2 587 191 000 EUR
2 460 867 000 EUR
-4.88 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Italien
355 034 000 EUR
315 377 000 EUR
-11.17 %
Kohle
Italien
14 000 EUR
23 000 EUR
64.29 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Italien
170 420 000 EUR
129 682 000 EUR
-23.90 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Italien
10 878 097 000 EUR
8 617 394 000 EUR
-20.78 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Italien
685 760 000 EUR
610 662 000 EUR
-10.95 %
Maschinen
Italien
9 180 592 000 EUR
7 720 539 000 EUR
-15.90 %
Metalle
Italien
4 198 389 000 EUR
3 508 837 000 EUR
-16.42 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Italien
1 783 525 000 EUR
1 591 088 000 EUR
-10.79 %
Möbel
Italien
337 633 000 EUR
338 930 000 EUR
0.38 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Italien
4 512 627 000 EUR
4 236 898 000 EUR
-6.11 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Italien
1 294 012 000 EUR
1 136 484 000 EUR
-12.17 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Italien
4 244 714 000 EUR
5 045 774 000 EUR
18.87 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Italien
1 166 700 000 EUR
1 081 047 000 EUR
-7.34 %
Sonstige Waren
Italien
4 944 235 000 EUR
4 085 001 000 EUR
-17.38 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbaürzeugnisse
Italien
113 827 000 EUR
101 639 000 EUR
-10.71 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Italien
451 844 000 EUR
271 063 000 EUR
-40.01 %
Textilien
Italien
640 333 000 EUR
583 500 000 EUR
-8.88 %