Sri Lanka - Daten & Fakten

Daten & Fakten
Flagge:    Sri Lanka Sri Lanka
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Capital
name: Colombo (commercial capital); Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte (legislative capital) geographic coordinates: 6 55 N, 79 50 E time difference: UTC+5.5 (10.5 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
Citizenship
citizenship by birth: no citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Sri Lanka dual citizenship recognized: no, except in cases where the government rules it is to the benefit of Sri Lanka residency requirement for naturalization: 7 years
Regierungstyp
presidential republic
Legal system
mixed legal system of Roman-Dutch civil law, English common law, Jaffna Tamil customary law, and Muslim personal law
Suffrage
18 years of age; universal
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Country Comparison :: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
21.0
Country Comparison :: GDP - per capita (PPP)
$12,900
Country Comparison :: Labor force
8,937,000
Country Comparison :: Unemployment rate
4.40
Labor force
8,937,000
Population below poverty line
6.7%(2012 est.)
Unemployment rate
4.4%(2017 est.)4.4%(2016 est.)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
total:21%male:16.8%female:28.4%(2016 est.)
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Age structure
0-14 years:23.75%(male 2,734,114 /female 2,627,695)15-24 years:14.6%(male 1,677,547 /female 1,618,922)25-54 years:41.46%(male 4,596,388 /female 4,762,913)55-64 years:10.22%(male 1,067,258 /female 1,239,204)65 years and over:9.98%(male 951,213 /female 1,301,338)(2018 est.)
Birth rate
14.8 births/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Death rate
6.30
Languages
Sinhala (official and national language) 87%, Tamil (official and national language) 28.5%, English 23.8% (2012 est.) note: data represent main languages spoken by the population aged 10 years and older; shares sum to more than 100% because some respondents gave more than one answer on the census; English is commonly used in government and is referred to as the "link language" in the constitution
Life expectancy at birth
77.10
Major urban areas - population
600,000 COLOMBO (capital), 103,000 Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte (legislative capital) (2018)
Median age
total:33.1 yearsmale:31.8 yearsfemale:34.4 years(2018 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
25.6 years (2016 est.)
Net migration rate
-1.3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Population distribution
the population is primarily concentrated within a broad wet zone in the southwest, urban centers along the eastern coast, and on the Jaffna Peninsula in the north
Population growth rate
0.73%(2018 est.)
Total fertility rate
2.05 children born/woman(2018 est.)
Urbanization
rate of urbanization: 0.85% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
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Education expenditures
2.80
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
female: 14 years (2017)
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Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
NA
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$NA (31 December 2016)
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Country Comparison :: Central bank discount rate
7.25
Central bank discount rate
7.25
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Country Comparison :: Exports
$11,360,000,000
Exports
$11,360,000,000
Exports - partners
US 24.6%, UK 9%, India 5.8%, Singapore 4.5%, Germany 4.3%, Italy 4.3% (2017)
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Area
total:65,610 sq kmland:64,630 sq kmwater:980 sq km
Land use
agricultural land:43.5%(2011 est.)arable land:20.7%(2011 est.) / permanent crops:15.8%(2011 est.) / permanent pasture:7%(2011 est.)forest:29.4%(2011 est.)other:27.1%(2011 est.)
Location
Southern Asia, island in the Indian Ocean, south of India
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Country Comparison :: Imports
$20,980,000,000
Imports
$20,980,000,000
Imports - partners
India 22%, China 19.9%, Singapore 6.9%, UAE 5.7%, Japan 4.9% (2017)
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Country Comparison :: Inflation rate (consumer prices)
6.50
Inflation rate (consumer prices)
6.50
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Country Comparison :: Electricity - production
13,660,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - consumption
12,670,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - exports
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - imports
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - production
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - exports
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - imports
33,540
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - production
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - exports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - imports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - fixed lines
2,603,178
Country Comparison :: Telephones - mobile cellular
28,199,083
Country Comparison :: Internet users
7,126,540
Country Comparison :: Broadband - fixed subscriptions
1,220,504
Country Comparison :: Airports
19
Country Comparison :: Railways
1,562
Country Comparison :: Roadways
114,093
Country Comparison :: Waterways
160
Airports
19
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total:1,220,504(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:5(2017 est.)
Crude oil - exports
0
Crude oil - imports
33,540 bbl/day(2015 est.)
Crude oil - production
0 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Electricity - consumption
12,670,000,000
Electricity - exports
0
Electricity - imports
0
Electricity - production
13,660,000,000
Internet users
total: 7,126,540 (July 2016 est.)
Natural gas - exports
0
Natural gas - imports
0 cu m(2017 est.)
Natural gas - production
0 cu m(2017 est.)
Railways
total:1,562 km(2016)broad gauge:1,562 km1.676-m gauge(2016)
Roadways
114,093
Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions:2,603,178(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:12(2017 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
28,199,083
Waterways
160
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Disputes - international
none
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Country Comparison :: Public debt
79.10
Public debt
79.10
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Country Comparison :: GDP - real growth rate
3.30
Country Comparison :: Gross national saving
33.80
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)
-5.5% (of GDP)(2017 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$275,800,000,000
Industrial production growth rate
4.60

Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Sri Lanka
232 836 000 EUR
256 011 000 EUR
9.95 %
Bekleidung
Sri Lanka
248 000 EUR
231 000 EUR
-6.85 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Sri Lanka
42 723 000 EUR
50 547 000 EUR
18.31 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Sri Lanka
27 758 000 EUR
20 295 000 EUR
-26.89 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Sri Lanka
20 906 000 EUR
20 164 000 EUR
-3.55 %
Energieversorgung
Sri Lanka
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Sri Lanka
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erze
Sri Lanka
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Sri Lanka
2 402 000 EUR
2 744 000 EUR
14.24 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Sri Lanka
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Sri Lanka
56 000 EUR
36 000 EUR
-35.71 %
Getränke
Sri Lanka
4 509 000 EUR
731 000 EUR
-83.79 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Sri Lanka
1 160 000 EUR
1 265 000 EUR
9.05 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Sri Lanka
5 535 000 EUR
7 150 000 EUR
29.18 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Sri Lanka
569 000 EUR
746 000 EUR
31.11 %
Kohle
Sri Lanka
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Sri Lanka
259 000 EUR
457 000 EUR
76.45 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Sri Lanka
3 601 000 EUR
4 872 000 EUR
35.30 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Sri Lanka
244 000 EUR
42 000 EUR
-82.79 %
Maschinen
Sri Lanka
50 966 000 EUR
51 891 000 EUR
1.81 %
Metalle
Sri Lanka
1 549 000 EUR
1 954 000 EUR
26.15 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Sri Lanka
10 124 000 EUR
9 439 000 EUR
-6.77 %
Möbel
Sri Lanka
1 187 000 EUR
688 000 EUR
-42.04 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Sri Lanka
5 789 000 EUR
6 586 000 EUR
13.77 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Sri Lanka
11 616 000 EUR
10 959 000 EUR
-5.66 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Sri Lanka
6 602 000 EUR
7 309 000 EUR
10.71 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Sri Lanka
831 000 EUR
24 115 000 EUR
2 801.93 %
Sonstige Waren
Sri Lanka
19 095 000 EUR
16 706 000 EUR
-12.51 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbaürzeugnisse
Sri Lanka
2 285 000 EUR
1 054 000 EUR
-53.87 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Sri Lanka
9 000 EUR
28 000 EUR
211.11 %
Textilien
Sri Lanka
12 813 000 EUR
16 002 000 EUR
24.89 %