Mexiko - Daten & Fakten

Daten & Fakten
Flagge:    Mexiko Mexiko
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Capital
name: Mexico City (Ciudad de Mexico) geographic coordinates: 19 26 N, 99 08 W time difference: UTC-6 (1 hour behind Washington, DC, during Standard Time) daylight saving time: +1hr, begins first Sunday in April; ends last Sunday in October note: Mexico has four time zones
Citizenship
citizenship by birth: yes citizenship by descent only: yes dual citizenship recognized: not specified residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years
Regierungstyp
federal presidential republic
Legal system
civil law system with US constitutional law influence; judicial review of legislative acts
Suffrage
18 years of age; universal and compulsory
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Country Comparison :: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
6.9
Country Comparison :: GDP - per capita (PPP)
$19,900
Country Comparison :: Labor force
54,510,000
Country Comparison :: Unemployment rate
3.40
Labor force
54,510,000
Population below poverty line
46.2%(2014 est.) note: from a food-based definition of poverty; asset-based poverty amounted to more than 47%
Unemployment rate
3.4%(2017 est.)3.9%(2016 est.) note: underemployment may be as high as 25%
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
total:6.9%male:6.5%female:7.6%(2018 est.)
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Age structure
0-14 years:26.61%(male 17,143,124 /female 16,378,309)15-24 years:17.35%(male 11,072,817 /female 10,779,029)25-54 years:40.91%(male 24,916,204 /female 26,612,272)55-64 years:7.87%(male 4,538,167 /female 5,375,867)65 years and over:7.26%(male 4,079,513 /female 5,063,903)(2018 est.)
Birth rate
18.1 births/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Death rate
5.40
Languages
Spanish only 92.7%, Spanish and indigenous languages 5.7%, indigenous only 0.8%, unspecified 0.8% (2005) note: indigenous languages include various Mayan, Nahuatl, and other regional languages
Life expectancy at birth
76.30
Major urban areas - population
21.581 million MEXICO CITY (capital), 5.023 million Guadalajara, 4.712 million Monterrey, 3.097 million Puebla, 2.354 million Toluca de Lerdo, 2.058 million Tijuana (2018)
Median age
total:28.6 yearsmale:27.5 yearsfemale:29.7 years(2018 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
21.3 years (2008 est.)
Net migration rate
-1.8 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Population distribution
most of the population is found in the middle of the country between the states of Jalisco and Veracruz; approximately a quarter of the population lives in and around Mexico City
Population growth rate
1.09%(2018 est.)
Total fertility rate
2.22 children born/woman(2018 est.)
Urbanization
rate of urbanization: 1.59% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
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Education expenditures
5.20
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
female: 14 years (2016)
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Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$554,300,000,000
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$243,800,000,000
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$243.8 billion(31 December 2017 est.)$148.6 billion(31 December 2016 est.)
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$554,300,000,000
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Country Comparison :: Central bank discount rate
7.25
Central bank discount rate
7.25
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Country Comparison :: Exports
$409,800,000,000
Exports
$409,800,000,000
Exports - partners
US 79.9% (2017)
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Area
total:1,964,375 sq kmland:1,943,945 sq kmwater:20,430 sq km
Land use
agricultural land:54.9%(2011 est.)arable land:11.8%(2011 est.) / permanent crops:1.4%(2011 est.) / permanent pasture:41.7%(2011 est.)forest:33.3%(2011 est.)other:11.8%(2011 est.)
Location
North America, bordering the Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico, between Belize and the United States and bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between Guatemala and the United States
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Country Comparison :: Imports
$420,800,000,000
Imports
$420,800,000,000
Imports - partners
US 46.4%, China 17.7%, Japan 4.3% (2017)
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Country Comparison :: Inflation rate (consumer prices)
6.00
Inflation rate (consumer prices)
6.00
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Country Comparison :: Electricity - production
302,700,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - consumption
258,700,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - exports
7,308,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - imports
3,532,000,000
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - production
1,981,000
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - exports
1,214,000
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - imports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - production
31,570,000,000
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - exports
36,810,000
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - imports
50,120,000,000
Country Comparison :: Telephones - fixed lines
20,602,668
Country Comparison :: Telephones - mobile cellular
114,326,842
Country Comparison :: Internet users
73,334,032
Country Comparison :: Broadband - fixed subscriptions
17,131,820
Country Comparison :: Airports
1,714
Country Comparison :: Railways
15,389
Country Comparison :: Roadways
377,660
Country Comparison :: Waterways
2,900
Airports
1,714
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total:17,131,820(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:14(2017 est.)
Crude oil - exports
1,214,000
Crude oil - imports
0 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Crude oil - production
1.981 million bbl/day(2017 est.)
Electricity - consumption
258,700,000,000
Electricity - exports
7,308,000,000
Electricity - imports
3,532,000,000
Electricity - production
302,700,000,000
Internet users
total: 73,334,032 (July 2016 est.)
Natural gas - exports
36,810,000
Natural gas - imports
50.12 billion cu m(2017 est.)
Natural gas - production
31.57 billion cu m(2017 est.)
Railways
total:20,825 km(2017)standard gauge:20,825 km1.435-m gauge (27 km electrified)(2017)
Roadways
398,148
Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions:20,602,668(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:17(2017 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
114,326,842
Waterways
2,900
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Disputes - international
abundant rainfall in recent years along much of the Mexico-US border region has ameliorated periodically strained water-sharing arrangements; the US has intensified security measures to monitor and control legal and illegal personnel, transport, and commodities across its border with Mexico; Mexico must deal with thousands of impoverished Guatemalans and other Central Americans who cross the porous border looking for work in Mexico and the US; Belize and Mexico are working to solve minor border demarcation discrepancies arising from inaccuracies in the 1898 border treaty
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Country Comparison :: Public debt
54.30
Public debt
54.30
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Country Comparison :: GDP - real growth rate
2.00
Country Comparison :: Gross national saving
21.40
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)
-1.1% (of GDP)(2017 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$2,463,000,000,000
Industrial production growth rate
-0.60

Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Mexiko
11 275 590 000 EUR
13 196 585 000 EUR
17.04 %
Bekleidung
Mexiko
11 074 000 EUR
15 245 000 EUR
37.66 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Mexiko
1 005 587 000 EUR
1 213 106 000 EUR
20.64 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Mexiko
950 914 000 EUR
987 833 000 EUR
3.88 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Mexiko
1 190 984 000 EUR
1 384 233 000 EUR
16.23 %
Energieversorgung
Mexiko
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Mexiko
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erze
Mexiko
71 000 EUR
200 000 EUR
181.69 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Mexiko
22 047 000 EUR
24 271 000 EUR
10.09 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Mexiko
0 EUR
11 000 EUR
0.00 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Mexiko
950 000 EUR
702 000 EUR
-26.11 %
Getränke
Mexiko
8 361 000 EUR
10 522 000 EUR
25.85 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Mexiko
119 193 000 EUR
164 029 000 EUR
37.62 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Mexiko
499 070 000 EUR
599 724 000 EUR
20.17 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Mexiko
40 144 000 EUR
51 610 000 EUR
28.56 %
Kohle
Mexiko
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Mexiko
17 902 000 EUR
22 857 000 EUR
27.68 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Mexiko
2 693 407 000 EUR
3 043 220 000 EUR
12.99 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Mexiko
21 070 000 EUR
25 989 000 EUR
23.35 %
Maschinen
Mexiko
2 101 389 000 EUR
2 483 991 000 EUR
18.21 %
Metalle
Mexiko
408 302 000 EUR
576 010 000 EUR
41.07 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Mexiko
502 810 000 EUR
624 071 000 EUR
24.12 %
Möbel
Mexiko
57 119 000 EUR
73 310 000 EUR
28.35 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Mexiko
95 099 000 EUR
114 074 000 EUR
19.95 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Mexiko
174 074 000 EUR
237 022 000 EUR
36.16 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Mexiko
627 821 000 EUR
730 226 000 EUR
16.31 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Mexiko
419 982 000 EUR
486 154 000 EUR
15.76 %
Sonstige Waren
Mexiko
218 111 000 EUR
218 371 000 EUR
0.12 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbaürzeugnisse
Mexiko
2 388 000 EUR
2 280 000 EUR
-4.52 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Mexiko
32 000 EUR
156 000 EUR
387.50 %
Textilien
Mexiko
87 689 000 EUR
107 368 000 EUR
22.44 %