Taiwan - Daten & Fakten

Daten & Fakten
Flagge:    Taiwan Taiwan
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Capital
name: Taipei geographic coordinates: 25 02 N, 121 31 E time difference: UTC+8 (13 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
Citizenship
citizenship by birth: no citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Taiwan dual citizenship recognized: yes, except that citizens of Taiwan are not recognized as dual citizens of the People's Republic of China residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years
Regierungstyp
semi-presidential republic
Legal system
civil law system
Suffrage
20 years of age; universal; note - in mid-2016, the Legislative Yuan drafted a constitutional amendment to reduce the voting age to 18, but it has not passed as of December 2017
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Country Comparison :: GDP - per capita (PPP)
$50,500
Country Comparison :: Labor force
11,780,000
Country Comparison :: Unemployment rate
3.80
Labor force
11,780,000
Population below poverty line
1.5%(2012 est.)
Unemployment rate
3.8%(2017 est.)3.9%(2016 est.)
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Age structure
0-14 years:12.68%(male 1,535,365 /female 1,449,336)15-24 years:12.52%(male 1,509,023 /female 1,438,278)25-54 years:46.08%(male 5,412,487 /female 5,437,015)55-64 years:14.36%(male 1,652,683 /female 1,729,571)65 years and over:14.36%(male 1,541,716 /female 1,840,489)(2018 est.)
Birth rate
8.2 births/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Death rate
7.60
Languages
Mandarin Chinese (official), Taiwanese (Min Nan), Hakka dialects, approximately 16 indigenous languages
Life expectancy at birth
80.40
Major urban areas - population
4.325 million New Taipei City, 2.706 million TAIPEI (capital), 2.19 million Taiyuan, 1.532 million Kaohsiung, 1.283 million Taichung, 836,000 Tainan (2018)
Median age
total:41.3 yearsmale:40.5 yearsfemale:42 years(2018 est.)
Net migration rate
0.9 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Population distribution
distribution exhibits a peripheral coastal settlement pattern, with the largest populations on the north and west coasts
Population growth rate
0.15%(2018 est.)
Total fertility rate
1.13 children born/woman(2018 est.)
Urbanization
rate of urbanization: 0.8% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
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Age structure
0-14 years:12.68%(male 1,535,365 /female 1,449,336)15-24 years:12.52%(male 1,509,023 /female 1,438,278)25-54 years:46.08%(male 5,412,487 /female 5,437,015)55-64 years:14.36%(male 1,652,683 /female 1,729,571)65 years and over:14.36%(male 1,541,716 /female 1,840,489)(2018 est.)
Birth rate
8.2 births/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Death rate
7.60
Languages
Mandarin Chinese (official), Taiwanese (Min Nan), Hakka dialects, approximately 16 indigenous languages
Life expectancy at birth
80.40
Major urban areas - population
4.325 million New Taipei City, 2.706 million TAIPEI (capital), 2.19 million Taiyuan, 1.532 million Kaohsiung, 1.283 million Taichung, 836,000 Tainan (2018)
Median age
total:41.3 yearsmale:40.5 yearsfemale:42 years(2018 est.)
Net migration rate
0.9 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Population distribution
distribution exhibits a peripheral coastal settlement pattern, with the largest populations on the north and west coasts
Population growth rate
0.15%(2018 est.)
Total fertility rate
1.13 children born/woman(2018 est.)
Urbanization
rate of urbanization: 0.8% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
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Education expenditures
NA
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Education expenditures
NA
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Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$78,300,000,000
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$332,400,000,000
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$332.4 billion(31 December 2017 est.)$354 billion(31 December 2016 est.)
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$78,300,000,000
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Country Comparison :: Central bank discount rate
1.38
Central bank discount rate
1.38
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Country Comparison :: Exports
$349,800,000,000
Exports
$349,800,000,000
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Area
total:35,980 sq kmland:32,260 sq kmwater:3,720 sq km note: includes the Pescadores, Matsu, and Quemoy islands
Land use
agricultural land:22.7%(2011 est.)arable land:16.9%(2011 est.) / permanent crops:5.8%(2011 est.)other:77.3%(2011 est.)
Location
Eastern Asia, islands bordering the East China Sea, Philippine Sea, South China Sea, and Taiwan Strait, north of the Philippines, off the southeastern coast of China
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Country Comparison :: Imports
$269,000,000,000
Imports
$269,000,000,000
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Country Comparison :: Inflation rate (consumer prices)
1.10
Inflation rate (consumer prices)
1.10
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Country Comparison :: Electricity - production
246,100,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - consumption
237,400,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - exports
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - imports
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - production
196
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - exports
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - imports
846,400
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - production
237,900,000
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - exports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - imports
22,140,000,000
Country Comparison :: Telephones - fixed lines
13,565,064
Country Comparison :: Telephones - mobile cellular
28,777,408
Country Comparison :: Internet users
20,601,000
Country Comparison :: Broadband - fixed subscriptions
5,713,568
Country Comparison :: Airports
37
Country Comparison :: Railways
1,613
Country Comparison :: Roadways
43,365
Airports
37
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total:5,713,568(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:24(2017 est.)
Crude oil - exports
0
Crude oil - imports
846,400 bbl/day(2015 est.)
Crude oil - production
196 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Electricity - consumption
237,400,000,000
Electricity - exports
0
Electricity - imports
0
Electricity - production
246,100,000,000
Internet users
total: 20.601 million (July 2016 est.)
Natural gas - exports
0
Natural gas - imports
22.14 billion cu m(2017 est.)
Natural gas - production
237.9 million cu m(2017 est.)
Railways
total:1,613 km(2018)standard gauge:345 km1.435-m gauge (345 km electrified)(2018)narrow gauge:1,118.1 km1.067-m gauge (793.9 km electrified)(2018) 150 0.762-m gauge note: the 0.762-gauge track belongs to three entities: the Forestry Bureau, Taiwan Cement, and TaiPower
Roadways
43,206
Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions:13,565,064(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:58(2017 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
28,777,408
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Disputes - international
involved in complex dispute with Brunei, China, Malaysia, the Philippines, and Vietnam over the Spratly Islands, and with China and the Philippines over Scarborough Reef; the 2002 "Declaration on the Conduct of Parties in the South China Sea" has eased tensions but falls short of a legally binding "code of conduct" desired by several of the disputants; Paracel Islands are occupied by China, but claimed by Taiwan and Vietnam; in 2003, China and Taiwan became more vocal in rejecting both Japan's claims to the uninhabited islands of the Senkaku-shoto (Diaoyu Tai) and Japan's unilaterally declared exclusive economic zone in the East China Sea where all parties engage in hydrocarbon prospecting
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Country Comparison :: Public debt
35.70
Public debt
35.70
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Country Comparison :: GDP - real growth rate
2.90
Country Comparison :: Gross national saving
34.90
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)
-0.1% (of GDP)(2017 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$1,189,000,000,000
Industrial production growth rate
3.90

Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Taiwan
7 797 926 000 EUR
8 190 611 000 EUR
5.04 %
Bekleidung
Taiwan
11 015 000 EUR
9 551 000 EUR
-13.29 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Taiwan
1 108 900 000 EUR
1 118 619 000 EUR
0.88 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Taiwan
1 810 518 000 EUR
1 802 091 000 EUR
-0.47 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Taiwan
458 566 000 EUR
529 408 000 EUR
15.45 %
Energieversorgung
Taiwan
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Taiwan
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erze
Taiwan
237 000 EUR
93 000 EUR
-60.76 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Taiwan
5 305 000 EUR
4 558 000 EUR
-14.08 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Taiwan
146 000 EUR
166 000 EUR
13.70 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Taiwan
374 000 EUR
436 000 EUR
16.58 %
Getränke
Taiwan
13 235 000 EUR
14 200 000 EUR
7.29 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Taiwan
74 895 000 EUR
71 210 000 EUR
-4.92 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Taiwan
96 061 000 EUR
100 226 000 EUR
4.34 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Taiwan
34 258 000 EUR
37 092 000 EUR
8.27 %
Kohle
Taiwan
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Taiwan
18 837 000 EUR
20 508 000 EUR
8.87 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Taiwan
1 408 018 000 EUR
1 555 963 000 EUR
10.51 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Taiwan
23 494 000 EUR
20 367 000 EUR
-13.31 %
Maschinen
Taiwan
1 299 527 000 EUR
1 414 932 000 EUR
8.88 %
Metalle
Taiwan
176 702 000 EUR
159 670 000 EUR
-9.64 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Taiwan
151 454 000 EUR
208 713 000 EUR
37.81 %
Möbel
Taiwan
21 370 000 EUR
20 150 000 EUR
-5.71 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Taiwan
77 446 000 EUR
84 742 000 EUR
9.42 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Taiwan
37 730 000 EUR
33 595 000 EUR
-10.96 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Taiwan
492 219 000 EUR
538 671 000 EUR
9.44 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Taiwan
182 425 000 EUR
179 592 000 EUR
-1.55 %
Sonstige Waren
Taiwan
219 430 000 EUR
199 605 000 EUR
-9.03 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbaürzeugnisse
Taiwan
3 180 000 EUR
3 114 000 EUR
-2.08 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Taiwan
58 681 000 EUR
46 159 000 EUR
-21.34 %
Textilien
Taiwan
13 903 000 EUR
17 180 000 EUR
23.57 %