Mongolei - Daten & Fakten

Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Mongolei
162 982 000 EUR
0 EUR

Bekleidung
Mongolei
5 136 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Mongolei
15 456 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Mongolei
9 146 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Mongolei
6 233 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Energieversorgung
Mongolei
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Mongolei
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erze
Mongolei
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Mongolei
858 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Mongolei
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Mongolei
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Getränke
Mongolei
4 253 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Mongolei
968 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Mongolei
5 478 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Mongolei
3 209 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kohle
Mongolei
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Mongolei
3 678 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Mongolei
20 208 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Mongolei
2 873 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Maschinen
Mongolei
18 094 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Metalle
Mongolei
2 542 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Mongolei
4 757 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Möbel
Mongolei
1 174 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Mongolei
32 342 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Mongolei
1 528 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Mongolei
14 631 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Mongolei
254 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Sonstige Waren
Mongolei
8 535 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbauerzeugnisse
Mongolei
61 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Mongolei
53 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Textilien
Mongolei
1 515 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %

Daten & Fakten
Flagge:    Mongolei Mongolei
Capital
name: Ulaanbaatar

geographic coordinates: 47 55 N, 106 55 E

time difference: UTC+8 (13 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)

daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Saturday in March; ends last Saturday in September

time zone note: Mongolia has two time zones - Ulaanbaatar Time (8 hours in advance of UTC) and Hovd Time (7 hours in advance of UTC)

etymology: the name means "red hero" in Mongolian and honors national hero Damdin SUKHBAATAR, leader of the partisan army that with Soviet Red Army help, liberated Mongolia from Chinese occupation in the early 1920s
Citizenship
citizenship by birth: no

citizenship by descent only: both parents must be citizens of Mongolia; one parent if born within Mongolia

dual citizenship recognized: no

residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years
Legal system
civil law system influenced by Soviet and Romano-Germanic legal systems; constitution ambiguous on judicial review of legislative acts
Suffrage
18 years of age; universal
Area
total: 1,564,116 sq km

land: 1,553,556 sq km

water: 10,560 sq km
Land use
agricultural land: 73% (2018 est.)

arable land: 0.4% (2018 est.)

permanent crops: 0% (2018 est.)

permanent pasture: 72.6% (2018 est.)

forest: 7% (2018 est.)

other: 20% (2018 est.)
Location
Northern Asia, between China and Russia
Age structure
0-14 years: 26.16% (male 434,400/female 417,335)

15-64 years: 68.24% (male 1,076,692/female 1,144,759)

65 years and over: 5.6% (2023 est.) (male 73,245/female 109,037)
Birth rate
15.4 births/1,000 population (2023 est.)
Death rate
6.3 deaths/1,000 population (2023 est.)
Languages
Mongolian 90% (official) (Khalkha dialect is predominant), Turkic, Russian (1999)

major-language sample(s):
Дэлхийн баримтат ном, үндсэн мэдээллийн зайлшгүй эх сурвалж. (Mongolian)

The World Factbook, the indispensable source for basic information.
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 71.7 years (2023 est.)

male: 67.5 years

female: 76 years
Major urban areas - population
1.673 million ULAANBAATAR (capital) (2023)
Median age
total: 31.2 years (2023 est.)

male: 29.9 years

female: 32.2 years
Mother's mean age at first birth
20.5 years (2008 est.)

note: data represents median age at first birth among women 20-24
Net migration rate
-0.8 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2023 est.)
Population distribution
sparsely distributed population throughout the country; the capital of Ulaanbaatar and the northern city of Darhan support the highest population densities
Population growth rate
0.83% (2023 est.)
Total fertility rate
1.89 children born/woman (2023 est.)
Urbanization
urban population: 69.1% of total population (2023)

rate of urbanization: 1.4% annual rate of change (2020-25 est.)
Education expenditures
4.7% of GDP (2020 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 15 years

male: 14 years

female: 16 years (2019)
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)
-6.4% (of GDP) (2017 est.)
Industrial production growth rate
-2.22% (2021 est.)
Labor force
1.331 million (2021 est.)
Population below poverty line
28.4% (2018 est.)
Unemployment rate
7.08% (2021 est.)

7.01% (2020 est.)

5.44% (2019 est.)
Public debt
73.94% of GDP (2020 est.)

60.84% of GDP (2019 est.)

65.97% of GDP (2018 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices)
7.35% (2021 est.)

3.8% (2020 est.)

7.3% (2019 est.)
Exports
$8.95 billion (2021 est.) note: data are in current year dollars

$7.646 billion (2020 est.) note: data are in current year dollars

$8.416 billion (2019 est.) note: data are in current year dollars
Exports - partners
China 73%, Switzerland 19%, Singapore 2%, South Korea 2%, Russia 1% (2021)
Imports
$9.256 billion (2021 est.) note: data are in current year dollars

$7.34 billion (2020 est.) note: data are in current year dollars

$9.249 billion (2019 est.) note: data are in current year dollars
Imports - partners
China 37%, Russia 27%, Japan 7%, South Korea 5%, Germany 3% (2021)
Airports
44 (2021)
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total: 307,166 (2020 est.)

subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 9 (2020 est.)
Internet users
total: 2.772 million (2021 est.)

percent of population: 84% (2021 est.)
Railways
total: 1,815 km (2017)

broad gauge: 1,815 km (2017) 1.520-m gauge

note: national operator Ulaanbaatar Railway is jointly owned by the Mongolian Government and by the Russian State Railway
Roadways
total: 113,200 km (2017)

paved: 10,600 km (2017)

unpaved: 102,600 km (2017)
Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions: 399,237 (2021 est.)

subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 12 (2021 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
total subscriptions: 4,687,304 (2021 est.)

subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 140 (2021 est.)
Waterways
580 km (2010) (the only waterway in operation is Lake Hovsgol) (135 km); Selenge River (270 km) and Orhon River (175 km) are navigable but carry little traffic; lakes and rivers ice-free from May to September)
Disputes - international

none identified