Niederlande - Daten & Fakten

Daten & Fakten
Flagge:    Niederlande Niederlande
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Capital
name: Amsterdam; note - The Hague is the seat of government geographic coordinates: 52 21 N, 4 55 E time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time) daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October note: time descriptions apply to the continental Netherlands only, for the constituent countries in the Caribbean, the time difference is UTC-4
Citizenship
citizenship by birth: no citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of the Netherlands dual citizenship recognized: no residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years
Regierungstyp
parliamentary constitutional monarchy; part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
Legal system
civil law system based on the French system; constitution does not permit judicial review of acts of the States General
Suffrage
18 years of age; universal
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Country Comparison :: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
8.9
Country Comparison :: GDP - per capita (PPP)
$53,900
Country Comparison :: Labor force
7,969,000
Country Comparison :: Unemployment rate
4.90
Labor force
7,969,000
Population below poverty line
8.8%(2015 est.)
Unemployment rate
4.9%(2017 est.)6%(2016 est.)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
total:8.9%male:9%female:8.8%(2017 est.)
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Age structure
0-14 years:16.28%(male 1,428,837 /female 1,362,686)15-24 years:12.03%(male 1,052,357 /female 1,011,710)25-54 years:39.18%(male 3,371,698 /female 3,348,595)55-64 years:13.41%(male 1,143,824 /female 1,155,751)65 years and over:19.1%(male 1,487,278 /female 1,788,492)(2018 est.)
Birth rate
10.9 births/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Death rate
9.00
Languages
Dutch (official) note: Frisian is an official language in Fryslan province; Frisian, Low Saxon, Limburgish, Romani, and Yiddish have protected status under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages; Dutch is the official language of the three special municipalities of the Caribbean Netherlands; English is a recognized regional language on Sint Eustatius and Saba; Papiamento is a recognized regional language on Bonaire
Life expectancy at birth
81.50
Major urban areas - population
1.132 million AMSTERDAM (capital), 1.008 million Rotterdam (2018)
Median age
total:42.7 yearsmale:41.6 yearsfemale:43.8 years(2018 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
29.6 years (2015 est.)
Net migration rate
1.9 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Population distribution
an area known as the Randstad, anchored by the cities of Amsterdam, Rotterdam, the Hague, and Utrecht, is the most densely populated region; the north tends to be less dense, though sizeable communities can be found throughout the entire country
Population growth rate
0.38%(2018 est.)
Total fertility rate
1.78 children born/woman(2018 est.)
Urbanization
rate of urbanization: 0.74% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
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Education expenditures
5.40
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
female: 18 years (2016)
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Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$5,499,000,000,000
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$6,579,000,000,000
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$6.579 trillion(31 December 2017 est.)$5.623 trillion(31 December 2016 est.)
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$5,499,000,000,000
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Country Comparison :: Central bank discount rate
0.00
Central bank discount rate
0.00
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Country Comparison :: Exports
$555,600,000,000
Exports
$555,600,000,000
Exports - partners
Germany 24.2%, Belgium 10.7%, UK 8.8%, France 8.8%, Italy 4.2% (2017)
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Area
total:41,543 sq kmland:33,893 sq kmwater:7,650 sq km
Land use
agricultural land:55.1%(2011 est.)arable land:29.8%(2011 est.) / permanent crops:1.1%(2011 est.) / permanent pasture:24.2%(2011 est.)forest:10.8%(2011 est.)other:34.1%(2011 est.)
Location
Western Europe, bordering the North Sea, between Belgium and Germany
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Country Comparison :: Imports
$453,800,000,000
Imports
$453,800,000,000
Imports - partners
China 16.4%, Germany 15.3%, Belgium 8.5%, US 6.9%, UK 5.1%, Russia 4.3% (2017)
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Country Comparison :: Inflation rate (consumer prices)
1.30
Inflation rate (consumer prices)
1.30
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Country Comparison :: Electricity - production
109,300,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - consumption
108,800,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - exports
19,340,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - imports
24,260,000,000
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - production
18,170
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - exports
7,984
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - imports
1,094,000
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - production
45,330,000,000
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - exports
51,250,000,000
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - imports
51,000,000,000
Country Comparison :: Telephones - fixed lines
6,551,000
Country Comparison :: Telephones - mobile cellular
20,532,000
Country Comparison :: Internet users
15,385,203
Country Comparison :: Broadband - fixed subscriptions
7,210,800
Country Comparison :: Airports
29
Country Comparison :: Railways
3,058
Country Comparison :: Roadways
139,124
Country Comparison :: Waterways
6,237
Airports
29
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total:7,210,800(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:42(2017 est.)
Crude oil - exports
7,984
Crude oil - imports
1.094 million bbl/day(2017 est.)
Crude oil - production
18,170 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Electricity - consumption
108,800,000,000
Electricity - exports
19,340,000,000
Electricity - imports
24,260,000,000
Electricity - production
109,300,000,000
Internet users
total: 15,385,203 (July 2016 est.)
Natural gas - exports
51,250,000,000
Natural gas - imports
51 billion cu m(2017 est.)
Natural gas - production
45.33 billion cu m(2017 est.) note: the Netherlands has curbed gas production due to seismic activity in the province of Groningen, largest source of gas reserves
Railways
total:3,058 km(2016)standard gauge:3,058 km1.435-m gauge (2,314 km electrified)(2016)
Roadways
139,124
Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions:6.551 million(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:38(2017 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
20,532,000
Waterways
6,237
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Disputes - international
none
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Country Comparison :: Public debt
56.50
Public debt
56.50
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Country Comparison :: GDP - real growth rate
2.90
Country Comparison :: Gross national saving
31.20
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)
1.1% (of GDP)(2017 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$924,400,000,000
Industrial production growth rate
3.30

Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Niederlande
84 578 985 000 EUR
100 359 767 000 EUR
18.66 %
Bekleidung
Niederlande
1 783 886 000 EUR
2 000 357 000 EUR
12.13 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Niederlande
8 531 985 000 EUR
10 853 242 000 EUR
27.21 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Niederlande
6 904 825 000 EUR
8 376 190 000 EUR
21.31 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Niederlande
4 102 709 000 EUR
4 759 579 000 EUR
16.01 %
Energieversorgung
Niederlande
362 163 000 EUR
912 283 000 EUR
151.90 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Niederlande
6 319 979 000 EUR
8 693 102 000 EUR
37.55 %
Erze
Niederlande
992 000 EUR
12 921 000 EUR
1 202.52 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Niederlande
1 781 452 000 EUR
2 108 012 000 EUR
18.33 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Niederlande
84 400 000 EUR
79 075 000 EUR
-6.31 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Niederlande
29 670 000 EUR
34 672 000 EUR
16.86 %
Getränke
Niederlande
758 522 000 EUR
821 564 000 EUR
8.31 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Niederlande
1 403 489 000 EUR
1 543 780 000 EUR
10.00 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Niederlande
3 056 173 000 EUR
3 447 412 000 EUR
12.80 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Niederlande
619 515 000 EUR
850 403 000 EUR
37.27 %
Kohle
Niederlande
2 170 000 EUR
4 547 000 EUR
109.54 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Niederlande
1 186 393 000 EUR
2 189 203 000 EUR
84.53 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Niederlande
6 469 390 000 EUR
7 670 199 000 EUR
18.56 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Niederlande
698 607 000 EUR
715 406 000 EUR
2.40 %
Maschinen
Niederlande
7 965 363 000 EUR
8 885 788 000 EUR
11.56 %
Metalle
Niederlande
3 091 419 000 EUR
4 139 886 000 EUR
33.92 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Niederlande
2 684 828 000 EUR
3 000 047 000 EUR
11.74 %
Möbel
Niederlande
942 929 000 EUR
1 074 420 000 EUR
13.94 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Niederlande
7 562 062 000 EUR
8 463 309 000 EUR
11.92 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Niederlande
1 611 857 000 EUR
1 821 578 000 EUR
13.01 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Niederlande
8 448 191 000 EUR
8 102 784 000 EUR
-4.09 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Niederlande
1 182 804 000 EUR
1 003 306 000 EUR
-15.18 %
Sonstige Waren
Niederlande
5 889 814 000 EUR
7 748 748 000 EUR
31.56 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbaürzeugnisse
Niederlande
250 677 000 EUR
268 862 000 EUR
7.25 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Niederlande
89 079 000 EUR
71 962 000 EUR
-19.22 %
Textilien
Niederlande
763 642 000 EUR
707 130 000 EUR
-7.40 %