Laos - Daten & Fakten

Daten & Fakten
Flagge: Laos Laos
Hauptstadt
name: Vientiane (Viangchan) geographic coordinates: 17 58 N, 102 36 E time difference: UTC+7 (12 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
Staatsbürgerschaft
citizenship by birth: no citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Laos dual citizenship recognized: no residency requirement for naturalization: 10 years
Government type
communist state
Legal system
civil law system similar in form to the French system
Suffrage
18 years of age; universal
Country Comparison :: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
18.2
est.
Country Comparison :: GDP - per capita (PPP)
$7,400
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Labor force
3,582,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Unemployment rate
0.70
2017 est.
Labor force
3,582,000
Population below poverty line
22%(2013 est.)
Unemployment rate   (%)
0.7%(2017 est.)0.7%(2016 est.)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24   (%)
total:18.2%male:20.8%female:15.5%(2017 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years:32.19%(male 1,177,639 /female 1,151,134)15-24 years:21%(male 754,198 /female 764,673)25-54 years:37.29%(male 1,332,231 /female 1,365,715)55-64 years:5.57%(male 196,509 /female 206,613)65 years and over:3.95%(male 129,336 /female 156,123)(2018 est.)
Birth rate   (births/1,000 population)
23.2 births/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Death rate   (deaths/1,000 population)
7.30
Languages
Lao (official), French, English, various ethnic languages
Life expectancy at birth   (years)
65.00
Major urban areas - population
665,000 VIENTIANE (capital) (2018)
Median age   (years)
total:23.4 yearsmale:23 yearsfemale:23.7 years(2018 est.)
Net migration rate
-1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Population distribution
most densely populated area is in and around the capital city of Vientiane; large communities are primarily found along the Mekong River along the southwestern border; overall density is considered one of the lowest in Southeast Asia
Population growth rate   (%)
1.48%(2018 est.)
Total fertility rate   (children born/woman)
2.65 children born/woman(2018 est.)
Urbanization
rate of urbanization: 3.28% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Education expenditures   (% of GDP)
2.90
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
female: 11 years (2017)
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$15,140,000,000
31 December 2012 est.
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$15,140,000,000
Country Comparison :: Central bank discount rate
4.30
31 December 2010
Central bank discount rate   (%)
4.30
Country Comparison :: Exports
$3,654,000,000
2017 est.
Exports
$3,654,000,000
Exports - partners
Thailand 42.6%, China 28.7%, Vietnam 10.4%, India 4.4% (2017)
Area   (sq km)
total:236,800 sq kmland:230,800 sq kmwater:6,000 sq km
Land use
agricultural land:10.6%(2011 est.)arable land:6.2%(2011 est.) / permanent crops:0.7%(2011 est.) / permanent pasture:3.7%(2011 est.)forest:67.9%(2011 est.)other:21.5%(2011 est.)
Location
Southeastern Asia, northeast of Thailand, west of Vietnam
Country Comparison :: Imports
$4,976,000,000
2017 est.
Imports
$4,976,000,000
Imports - partners
Thailand 59.1%, China 21.5%, Vietnam 9.8% (2017)
Country Comparison :: Inflation rate (consumer prices)
0.80
2017 est.
Inflation rate (consumer prices)   (%)
0.80
Country Comparison :: Electricity - production
29,740,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - consumption
5,471,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - exports
8,469,000,000
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - imports
2,500,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - production
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - exports
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - imports
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - production
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - exports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - imports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - fixed lines
1,125,469
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - mobile cellular
3,711,813
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Internet users
1,258,000
July 2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Broadband - fixed subscriptions
27,217
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Airports
41
2013
Country Comparison :: Roadways
39,586
2009
Country Comparison :: Waterways
4,600
2012
Airports
41
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total:27,217(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:less than 1(2017 est.)
Crude oil - exports   (bbl/day)
0
Crude oil - imports   (bbl/day)
0 bbl/day(2015 est.)
Crude oil - production   (bbl/day)
0 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Electricity - consumption   (kWh)
5,471,000,000
Electricity - exports   (kWh)
8,469,000,000
Electricity - imports   (kWh)
2,500,000,000
Electricity - production   (kWh)
29,740,000,000
Internet users
total: 1.258 million (July 2016 est.)
Natural gas - exports   (cu m)
0
Natural gas - imports   (cu m)
0 cu m(2017 est.)
Natural gas - production   (cu m)
0 cu m(2017 est.)
Roadways   (km)
39,586
Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions:1,125,469(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:16(2017 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
3,711,813
Waterways   (km)
4,600
Disputes - international
southeast Asian states have enhanced border surveillance to check the spread of avian flu; talks continue on completion of demarcation with Thailand but disputes remain over islands in the Mekong River; Cambodia and Laos have a longstanding border demarcation dispute; concern among Mekong River Commission members that China's construction of eight dams on the Upper Mekong River and construction of more dams on its tributaries will affect water levels, sediment flows, and fisheries; Cambodia and Vietnam are concerned about Laos' extensive plans for upstream dam construction for the same reasons
Country Comparison :: Public debt
63.60
2017 est.
Public debt   (% of GDP)
63.60
Country Comparison :: GDP - real growth rate
6.90
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Gross national saving
22.70
2017 est.
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)   (% (of GDP))
-5.5% (of GDP)(2017 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$49,340,000,000
Industrial production growth rate   (%)
8.00

Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Laos
29 524 000 EUR
21 035 000 EUR
-28.75 %
Bekleidung
Laos
11 000 EUR
8 000 EUR
-27.27 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Laos
938 000 EUR
1 407 000 EUR
50.00 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Laos
1 653 000 EUR
2 065 000 EUR
24.92 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Laos
5 387 000 EUR
2 604 000 EUR
-51.66 %
Energieversorgung
Laos
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Laos
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erze
Laos
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Laos
366 000 EUR
207 000 EUR
-43.44 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Laos
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Laos
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Getränke
Laos
45 000 EUR
880 000 EUR
1 855.56 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Laos
114 000 EUR
198 000 EUR
73.68 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Laos
355 000 EUR
475 000 EUR
33.80 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Laos
50 000 EUR
0 EUR
-100.00 %
Kohle
Laos
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Laos
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Laos
6 911 000 EUR
2 776 000 EUR
-59.83 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Laos
2 000 EUR
56 000 EUR
2 700.00 %
Maschinen
Laos
10 088 000 EUR
6 142 000 EUR
-39.12 %
Metalle
Laos
1 105 000 EUR
155 000 EUR
-85.97 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Laos
508 000 EUR
435 000 EUR
-14.37 %
Möbel
Laos
21 000 EUR
1 000 EUR
-95.24 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Laos
406 000 EUR
1 393 000 EUR
243.10 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Laos
10 000 EUR
47 000 EUR
370.00 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Laos
243 000 EUR
526 000 EUR
116.46 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Laos
89 000 EUR
44 000 EUR
-50.56 %
Sonstige Waren
Laos
850 000 EUR
1 039 000 EUR
22.24 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbauerzeugnisse
Laos
0 EUR
1 000 EUR
0.00 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Laos
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Textilien
Laos
372 000 EUR
576 000 EUR
54.84 %