Lettland - Daten & Fakten

Daten & Fakten
Flagge: Lettland Lettland
Hauptstadt
name: Riga geographic coordinates: 56 57 N, 24 06 E time difference: UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time) daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
Staatsbürgerschaft
citizenship by birth: no citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Latvia dual citizenship recognized: no residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years
Regierungstyp
parliamentary republic
Rechtsordnung
civil law system with traces of socialist legal traditions and practices
Wahlrecht
18 years of age; universal
Country Comparison :: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
17.0
est.
Country Comparison :: GDP - per capita (PPP)
$27,700
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Labor force
990,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Unemployment rate
8.70
2017 est.
Labor force
990,000
Population below poverty line
25.5%(2015)
Unemployment rate   (%)
8.7%(2017 est.)9.6%(2016 est.)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24   (%)
total:17%male:18.3%female:15.4%(2017 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years:15.24%(male 150,514 /female 142,580)15-24 years:9.16%(male 90,980 /female 85,302)25-54 years:41.36%(male 396,677 /female 398,972)55-64 years:14.38%(male 123,611 /female 153,007)65 years and over:19.85%(male 125,709 /female 256,207)(2018 est.)
Birth rate   (births/1,000 population)
9.6 births/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Death rate   (deaths/1,000 population)
14.50
Languages
Latvian (official) 56.3%, Russian 33.8%, other 0.6% (includes Polish, Ukrainian, and Belarusian), unspecified 9.4% (2011 est.) note: data represent language usually spoken at home
Life expectancy at birth   (years)
74.90
Major urban areas - population
637,000 RIGA (capital) (2018)
Median age   (years)
total:43.9 yearsmale:40 yearsfemale:47.3 years(2018 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
27.2 years (2014 est.)
Net migration rate
-6 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Population distribution
largest concentration of people is found in and around the port and capital city of Riga; small agglomerations are scattered throughout the country
Population growth rate   (%)
-1.1%(2018 est.)
Total fertility rate   (children born/woman)
1.52 children born/woman(2018 est.)
Urbanization
rate of urbanization: -0.93% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Education expenditures   (% of GDP)
5.30
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
female: 17 years (2016)
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$18,840,000,000
31 December 2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$3,402,000,000
31 December 2017 est.
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$3.402 billion(31 December 2017 est.)$2.485 billion(31 December 2016 est.)
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$18,840,000,000
Country Comparison :: Central bank discount rate
0.00
31 December 2017 est.
Central bank discount rate   (%)
0.00
Country Comparison :: Exports
$12,840,000,000
2017 est.
Exports
$12,840,000,000
Exports - partners
Lithuania 15.8%, Russia 14%, Estonia 10.9%, Germany 6.9%, Sweden 5.7%, UK 4.9%, Poland 4.3%, Denmark 4.1% (2017)
Area   (sq km)
total:64,589 sq kmland:62,249 sq kmwater:2,340 sq km
Land use
agricultural land:29.2%(2011 est.)arable land:18.6%(2011 est.) / permanent crops:0.1%(2011 est.) / permanent pasture:10.5%(2011 est.)forest:54.1%(2011 est.)other:16.7%(2011 est.)
Location
Eastern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea, between Estonia and Lithuania
Country Comparison :: Imports
$15,790,000,000
2017 est.
Imports
$15,790,000,000
Imports - partners
Lithuania 17.6%, Germany 11.7%, Poland 8.7%, Estonia 7.6%, Russia 7.1%, Netherlands 4.2%, Finland 4.2%, Italy 4% (2017)
Country Comparison :: Inflation rate (consumer prices)
2.90
2017 est.
Inflation rate (consumer prices)   (%)
2.90
Country Comparison :: Electricity - production
6,241,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - consumption
6,798,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - exports
3,795,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - imports
4,828,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - production
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - exports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - imports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - production
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - exports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - imports
1,246,000,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - fixed lines
342,097
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - mobile cellular
2,464,122
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Internet users
1,570,374
July 2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Broadband - fixed subscriptions
525,679
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Airports
42
2013
Country Comparison :: Railways
2,239
2008
Country Comparison :: Roadways
70,192
2016
Country Comparison :: Waterways
300
2010
Airports
42
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total:525,679(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:27(2017 est.)
Crude oil - exports   (bbl/day)
0
Crude oil - imports   (bbl/day)
0 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Crude oil - production   (bbl/day)
0 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Electricity - consumption   (kWh)
6,798,000,000
Electricity - exports   (kWh)
3,795,000,000
Electricity - imports   (kWh)
4,828,000,000
Electricity - production   (kWh)
6,241,000,000
Internet users
total: 1,570,374 (July 2016 est.)
Natural gas - exports   (cu m)
0
Natural gas - imports   (cu m)
1.246 billion cu m(2017 est.)
Natural gas - production   (cu m)
0 cu m(2017 est.)
Railways   (km)
total:1,860 km(2018)narrow gauge:34 km0.750-m gauge(2018)broad gauge:1,826 km1.520-m gauge(2018)
Roadways   (km)
70,244
Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions:342,097(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:18(2017 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
2,464,122
Waterways   (km)
300
Disputes - international
Russia demands better Latvian treatment of ethnic Russians in Latvia; boundary demarcated with Latvia and Lithuania; the Latvian parliament has not ratified its 1998 maritime boundary treaty with Lithuania, primarily due to concerns over oil exploration rights; as a member state that forms part of the EU's external border, Latvia has implemented the strict Schengen border rules with Russia
Country Comparison :: Public debt
36.30
2017 est.
Public debt   (% of GDP)
36.30
Country Comparison :: GDP - real growth rate
4.50
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Gross national saving
20.70
2017 est.
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)   (% (of GDP))
-0.5% (of GDP)(2017 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$54,020,000,000
Industrial production growth rate   (%)
10.60

Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Lettland
1 720 034 000 EUR
1 156 113 000 EUR
-32.79 %
Bekleidung
Lettland
55 297 000 EUR
59 693 000 EUR
7.95 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Lettland
132 991 000 EUR
125 757 000 EUR
-5.44 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Lettland
150 987 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Lettland
104 926 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Energieversorgung
Lettland
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Lettland
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erze
Lettland
171 000 EUR
86 000 EUR
-49.71 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Lettland
18 720 000 EUR
19 842 000 EUR
5.99 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Lettland
999 000 EUR
1 280 000 EUR
28.13 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Lettland
1 725 000 EUR
2 435 000 EUR
41.16 %
Getränke
Lettland
41 996 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Lettland
27 682 000 EUR
25 148 000 EUR
-9.15 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Lettland
67 847 000 EUR
68 617 000 EUR
1.13 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Lettland
12 150 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kohle
Lettland
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Lettland
7 291 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Lettland
247 550 000 EUR
172 535 000 EUR
-30.30 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Lettland
28 391 000 EUR
26 668 000 EUR
-6.07 %
Maschinen
Lettland
276 966 000 EUR
248 322 000 EUR
-10.34 %
Metalle
Lettland
54 713 000 EUR
31 488 000 EUR
-42.45 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Lettland
66 768 000 EUR
74 679 000 EUR
11.85 %
Möbel
Lettland
10 917 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Lettland
95 669 000 EUR
93 819 000 EUR
-1.93 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Lettland
35 071 000 EUR
34 522 000 EUR
-1.57 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Lettland
62 533 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Lettland
10 364 000 EUR
7 163 000 EUR
-30.89 %
Sonstige Waren
Lettland
170 936 000 EUR
137 772 000 EUR
-19.40 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbauerzeugnisse
Lettland
4 306 000 EUR
1 235 000 EUR
-71.32 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Lettland
6 952 000 EUR
4 463 000 EUR
-35.80 %
Textilien
Lettland
26 116 000 EUR
20 589 000 EUR
-21.16 %