Madagaskar - Daten & Fakten

Daten & Fakten
Flagge: Madagaskar Madagaskar
Hauptstadt
name: Antananarivo geographic coordinates: 18 55 S, 47 31 E time difference: UTC+3 (8 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
Staatsbürgerschaft
citizenship by birth: no citizenship by descent only: the father must be a citizen of Madagascar; in the case of a child born out of wedlock, the mother must be a citizen dual citizenship recognized: no residency requirement for naturalization: unknown
Government type
semi-presidential republic
Legal system
civil law system based on the old French civil code and customary law in matters of marriage, family, and obligation
Suffrage
18 years of age; universal
Country Comparison :: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
1.0
est.
Country Comparison :: GDP - per capita (PPP)
$1,600
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Labor force
13,400,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Unemployment rate
1.80
2017 est.
Labor force
13,400,000
Population below poverty line
70.7%(2012 est.)
Unemployment rate   (%)
1.8%(2017 est.)1.8%(2016 est.)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24   (%)
total:1%male:1%female:1%(2012 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years:39.55%(male 5,119,804 /female 5,037,438)15-24 years:20.23%(male 2,608,996 /female 2,587,745)25-54 years:32.42%(male 4,160,278 /female 4,166,538)55-64 years:4.45%(male 560,072 /female 581,963)65 years and over:3.35%(male 390,094 /female 470,682)(2018 est.)
Birth rate   (births/1,000 population)
31 births/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Death rate   (deaths/1,000 population)
6.40
Languages
French (official), Malagasy (official), English
Life expectancy at birth   (years)
66.60
Major urban areas - population
3.058 million ANTANANARIVO (capital) (2018)
Median age   (years)
total:19.9 yearsmale:19.7 yearsfemale:20.1 years(2018 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
19.5 years (2008/09 est.)
Net migration rate
0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Population distribution
most of population lives on the eastern half of the island; significant clustering is found in the central highlands and eastern coastline
Population growth rate   (%)
2.46%(2018 est.)
Total fertility rate   (children born/woman)
3.95 children born/woman(2018 est.)
Urbanization
rate of urbanization: 4.48% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Education expenditures   (% of GDP)
2.80
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
female: 10 years (2016)
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$6,461,000,000
2014 est.
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
NA
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$6,461,000,000
Country Comparison :: Central bank discount rate
9.50
31 December 2017
Central bank discount rate   (%)
9.50
Country Comparison :: Exports
$2,290,000,000
2017 est.
Exports
$2,290,000,000
Exports - partners
France 24.8%, US 16.5%, China 6.7%, Germany 6.5%, Japan 6%, Netherlands 4.7% (2017)
Area   (sq km)
total:587,041 sq kmland:581,540 sq kmwater:5,501 sq km
Land use
agricultural land:71.1%(2011 est.)arable land:6%(2011 est.) / permanent crops:1%(2011 est.) / permanent pasture:64.1%(2011 est.)forest:21.5%(2011 est.)other:7.4%(2011 est.)
Location
Southern Africa, island in the Indian Ocean, east of Mozambique
Country Comparison :: Imports
$2,738,000,000
2017 est.
Imports
$2,738,000,000
Imports - partners
China 18.7%, India 9.3%, France 6.4%, South Africa 5.6%, UAE 5.3% (2017)
Country Comparison :: Inflation rate (consumer prices)
8.30
2017 est.
Inflation rate (consumer prices)   (%)
8.30
Country Comparison :: Electricity - production
1,706,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - consumption
1,587,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - exports
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - imports
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - production
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - exports
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - imports
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - production
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - exports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - imports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - fixed lines
68,792
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - mobile cellular
8,730,499
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Internet users
1,151,563
July 2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Broadband - fixed subscriptions
25,062
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Airports
83
2013
Country Comparison :: Railways
836
2018
Country Comparison :: Waterways
600
2011
Airports
83
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total:25,062(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:less than 1(2017 est.)
Crude oil - exports   (bbl/day)
0
Crude oil - imports   (bbl/day)
0 bbl/day(2015 est.)
Crude oil - production   (bbl/day)
0 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Electricity - consumption   (kWh)
1,587,000,000
Electricity - exports   (kWh)
0
Electricity - imports   (kWh)
0
Electricity - production   (kWh)
1,706,000,000
Internet users
total: 1,151,563 (July 2016 est.)
Natural gas - exports   (cu m)
0
Natural gas - imports   (cu m)
0 cu m(2017 est.)
Natural gas - production   (cu m)
0 cu m(2017 est.)
Railways   (km)
total:836 km(2018)narrow gauge:836 km1.000-m gauge(2018)
Roadways   (km)
31,640
Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions:68,792(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:less than 1(2017 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
8,730,499
Waterways   (km)
600
Disputes - international
claims Bassas da India, Europa Island, Glorioso Islands, and Juan de Nova Island (all administered by France); the vegetated drying cays of Banc du Geyser, which were claimed by Madagascar in 1976, also fall within the EEZ claims of the Comoros and France (Glorioso Islands, part of the French Southern and Antarctic Lands)
Country Comparison :: Public debt
36.00
2017 est.
Public debt   (% of GDP)
36.00
Country Comparison :: GDP - real growth rate
4.20
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Gross national saving
14.80
2017 est.
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)   (% (of GDP))
-2.7% (of GDP)(2017 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$39,850,000,000
Industrial production growth rate   (%)
5.20

Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Madagaskar
39 339 000 EUR
52 542 000 EUR
33.56 %
Bekleidung
Madagaskar
430 000 EUR
521 000 EUR
21.16 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Madagaskar
2 972 000 EUR
4 067 000 EUR
36.84 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Madagaskar
3 588 000 EUR
5 909 000 EUR
64.69 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Madagaskar
1 955 000 EUR
3 725 000 EUR
90.54 %
Energieversorgung
Madagaskar
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Madagaskar
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erze
Madagaskar
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Madagaskar
0 EUR
221 000 EUR
0.00 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Madagaskar
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Madagaskar
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Getränke
Madagaskar
0 EUR
44 000 EUR
0.00 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Madagaskar
1 140 000 EUR
604 000 EUR
-47.02 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Madagaskar
493 000 EUR
929 000 EUR
88.44 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Madagaskar
69 000 EUR
29 000 EUR
-57.97 %
Kohle
Madagaskar
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Madagaskar
177 000 EUR
818 000 EUR
362.15 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Madagaskar
3 769 000 EUR
3 278 000 EUR
-13.03 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Madagaskar
52 000 EUR
103 000 EUR
98.08 %
Maschinen
Madagaskar
9 598 000 EUR
11 945 000 EUR
24.45 %
Metalle
Madagaskar
265 000 EUR
308 000 EUR
16.23 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Madagaskar
661 000 EUR
2 433 000 EUR
268.08 %
Möbel
Madagaskar
38 000 EUR
232 000 EUR
510.53 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Madagaskar
599 000 EUR
1 240 000 EUR
107.01 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Madagaskar
736 000 EUR
701 000 EUR
-4.76 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Madagaskar
747 000 EUR
1 295 000 EUR
73.36 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Madagaskar
198 000 EUR
572 000 EUR
188.89 %
Sonstige Waren
Madagaskar
11 441 000 EUR
12 923 000 EUR
12.95 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbauerzeugnisse
Madagaskar
6 000 EUR
4 000 EUR
-33.33 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Madagaskar
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Textilien
Madagaskar
405 000 EUR
641 000 EUR
58.27 %