Mali - Daten & Fakten

Daten & Fakten
Flagge: Mali Mali
Hauptstadt
name: Bamako geographic coordinates: 12 39 N, 8 00 W time difference: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
Staatsbürgerschaft
citizenship by birth: no citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Mali dual citizenship recognized: yes residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years
Regierungstyp
semi-presidential republic
Rechtsordnung
civil law system based on the French civil law model and influenced by customary law; judicial review of legislative acts in the Constitutional Court
Wahlrecht
18 years of age; universal
Country Comparison :: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
2.3
est.
Country Comparison :: GDP - per capita (PPP)
$2,200
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Labor force
6,447,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Unemployment rate
7.90
2017 est.
Labor force
6,447,000
Population below poverty line
36.1%(2005 est.)
Unemployment rate   (%)
7.9%(2017 est.)7.8%(2016 est.)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24   (%)
total:2.3%male:2.5%female:2.2%(2016 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years:48.03%(male 4,449,790 /female 4,402,076)15-24 years:18.89%(male 1,657,609 /female 1,823,453)25-54 years:26.36%(male 2,243,158 /female 2,615,695)55-64 years:3.7%(male 346,003 /female 335,733)65 years and over:3.02%(male 277,834 /female 278,542)(2018 est.)
Birth rate   (births/1,000 population)
43.2 births/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Death rate   (deaths/1,000 population)
9.60
Languages
French (official), Bambara 46.3%, Peuhl/Foulfoulbe 9.4%, Dogon 7.2%, Maraka/Soninke 6.4%, Malinke 5.6%, Sonrhai/Djerma 5.6%, Minianka 4.3%, Tamacheq 3.5%, Senoufo 2.6%, Bobo 2.1%, unspecified 0.7%, other 6.3% (2009 est.) note: Mali has 13 national languages in addition to its official language
Life expectancy at birth   (years)
60.80
Major urban areas - population
2.447 million BAMAKO (capital) (2018)
Median age   (years)
total:15.8 yearsmale:15.2 yearsfemale:16.5 years(2018 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
18.8 years (2012/13 est.)
Net migration rate
-3.9 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Population distribution
the overwhelming majority of the population lives in the southern half of the country, with greater density along the border with Burkina Faso
Population growth rate   (%)
2.98%(2018 est.)
Total fertility rate   (children born/woman)
5.9 children born/woman(2018 est.)
Urbanization
rate of urbanization: 4.86% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Education expenditures   (% of GDP)
3.10
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
female: 7 years (2015)
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$3,845,000,000
31 December 2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$286,200,000
31 December 2017 est.
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$286.2 million(31 December 2017 est.)$62.2 million(31 December 2016 est.)
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$3,845,000,000
Country Comparison :: Central bank discount rate
16.00
31 December 2010
Central bank discount rate   (%)
16.00
Country Comparison :: Exports
$3,060,000,000
2017 est.
Exports
$3,060,000,000
Exports - partners
Switzerland 31.8%, UAE 15.4%, Burkina Faso 7.8%, Cote dIvoire 7.3%, South Africa 5%, Bangladesh 4.6% (2017)
Area   (sq km)
total:1,240,192 sq kmland:1,220,190 sq kmwater:20,002 sq km
Land use
agricultural land:34.1%(2011 est.)arable land:5.6%(2011 est.) / permanent crops:0.1%(2011 est.) / permanent pasture:28.4%(2011 est.)forest:10.2%(2011 est.)other:55.7%(2011 est.)
Location
interior Western Africa, southwest of Algeria, north of Guinea, Cote d'Ivoire, and Burkina Faso, west of Niger
Country Comparison :: Imports
$3,644,000,000
2017 est.
Imports
$3,644,000,000
Imports - partners
Senegal 24.4%, China 13.2%, Cote dIvoire 9%, France 7.3% (2017)
Country Comparison :: Inflation rate (consumer prices)
1.80
2017 est.
Inflation rate (consumer prices)   (%)
1.80
Country Comparison :: Electricity - production
2,489,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - consumption
2,982,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - exports
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - imports
800,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - production
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - exports
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - imports
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - production
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - exports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - imports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - fixed lines
200,812
July 2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - mobile cellular
20,217,697
July 2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Internet users
1,940,978
July 2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Broadband - fixed subscriptions
21,444
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Airports
25
2013
Country Comparison :: Railways
593
2014
Country Comparison :: Waterways
1,800
2011
Airports
25
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total:21,444(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:less than 1(2017 est.)
Crude oil - exports   (bbl/day)
0
Crude oil - imports   (bbl/day)
0 bbl/day(2015 est.)
Crude oil - production   (bbl/day)
0 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Electricity - consumption   (kWh)
2,982,000,000
Electricity - exports   (kWh)
0
Electricity - imports   (kWh)
800,000,000
Electricity - production   (kWh)
2,489,000,000
Internet users
total: 1,940,978 (July 2016 est.)
Natural gas - exports   (cu m)
0
Natural gas - imports   (cu m)
0 cu m(2017 est.)
Natural gas - production   (cu m)
0 cu m(2017 est.)
Railways   (km)
total:593 km(2014)narrow gauge:593 km1.000-m gauge(2014)
Roadways   (km)
139,107
Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions:200,812(July 2016 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:1(July 2016 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
20,217,697
Waterways   (km)
1,800
Disputes - international
demarcation is underway with Burkina Faso
Country Comparison :: Public debt
35.40
2017 est.
Public debt   (% of GDP)
35.40
Country Comparison :: GDP - real growth rate
5.40
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Gross national saving
16.50
2017 est.
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)   (% (of GDP))
-2.9% (of GDP)(2017 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$41,220,000,000
Industrial production growth rate   (%)
6.30

Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Mali
86 317 000 EUR
0 EUR

Bekleidung
Mali
4 684 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Mali
8 062 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Mali
5 160 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Mali
7 027 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Energieversorgung
Mali
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Mali
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erze
Mali
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Mali
19 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Mali
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Mali
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Getränke
Mali
2 883 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Mali
1 377 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Mali
1 762 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Mali
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kohle
Mali
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Mali
229 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Mali
19 191 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Mali
168 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Maschinen
Mali
10 040 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Metalle
Mali
281 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Mali
6 361 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Möbel
Mali
104 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Mali
2 835 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Mali
1 960 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Mali
1 095 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Mali
45 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Sonstige Waren
Mali
4 401 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbauerzeugnisse
Mali
22 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Mali
360 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Textilien
Mali
8 251 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %