Mosambik - Daten & Fakten

Daten & Fakten
Flagge: Mosambik Mosambik
Hauptstadt
name: Maputo geographic coordinates: 25 57 S, 32 35 E time difference: UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
Staatsbürgerschaft
citizenship by birth: no citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Mozambique dual citizenship recognized: no residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years
Government type
presidential republic
Legal system
mixed legal system of Portuguese civil law, and customary law; note - in rural, predominately Muslim villages with no formal legal system, Islamic law may be applied
Suffrage
18 years of age; universal
Country Comparison :: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
7.4
est.
Country Comparison :: GDP - per capita (PPP)
$1,300
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Labor force
12,900,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Unemployment rate
24.50
2017 est.
Labor force
12,900,000
Population below poverty line
46.1%(2015 est.)
Unemployment rate   (%)
24.5%(2017 est.)25%(2016 est.)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24   (%)
total:7.4%male:7.7%female:7.1%(2015 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years:44.52%(male 6,097,116 /female 6,028,416)15-24 years:21.6%(male 2,905,254 /female 2,977,732)25-54 years:27.62%(male 3,525,755 /female 3,995,264)55-64 years:3.37%(male 442,990 /female 475,900)65 years and over:2.88%(male 359,624 /female 425,738)(2018 est.)
Birth rate   (births/1,000 population)
37.8 births/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Death rate   (deaths/1,000 population)
11.40
Languages
Emakhuwa 26.1%, Portuguese (official) 16.6%, Xichangana 8.6%, Cinyanja 8.1, Cisena 7.1%, Elomwe 7.1%, Echuwabo 4.7%, Cindau 3.8%, Xitswa 3.8%, other Mozambican languages 11.8%, other 0.5%, unspecified 1.8% (2017 est.)
Life expectancy at birth   (years)
54.10
Major urban areas - population
1.635 million Matola, 1.102 million MAPUTO (capital), 775,000 Nampula (2018)
Median age   (years)
total:17.3 yearsmale:16.7 yearsfemale:17.8 years(2018 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
18.9 years (2011 est.)
Net migration rate
-1.8 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Population distribution
three large populations clusters are found along the southern coast between Maputo and Inhambane, in the central area between Beira and Chimoio along the Zambezi River, and in and around the northern cities of Nampula, Cidade de Nacala, and Pemba; the northwest and southwest are the least populated areas
Population growth rate   (%)
2.46%(2018 est.)
Total fertility rate   (children born/woman)
5.02 children born/woman(2018 est.)
Urbanization
rate of urbanization: 4.35% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Education expenditures   (% of GDP)
6.50
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
female: 9 years (2017)
Country Comparison :: Central bank discount rate
19.00
4 November 2017
Central bank discount rate   (%)
19.00
Country Comparison :: Exports
$4,725,000,000
2017 est.
Exports
$4,725,000,000
Exports - partners
India 28.1%, Netherlands 24.4%, South Africa 16.7% (2017)
Area   (sq km)
total:799,380 sq kmland:786,380 sq kmwater:13,000 sq km
Land use
agricultural land:56.3%(2011 est.)arable land:6.4%(2011 est.) / permanent crops:0.3%(2011 est.) / permanent pasture:49.6%(2011 est.)forest:43.7%(2011 est.)other:0%(2011 est.)
Location
Southeastern Africa, bordering the Mozambique Channel, between South Africa and Tanzania
Country Comparison :: Imports
$5,223,000,000
2017 est.
Imports
$5,223,000,000
Imports - partners
South Africa 36.8%, China 7%, UAE 6.8%, India 6.2%, Portugal 4.4% (2017)
Country Comparison :: Inflation rate (consumer prices)
15.30
2017 est.
Inflation rate (consumer prices)   (%)
15.30
Country Comparison :: Electricity - production
18,390,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - consumption
11,570,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - exports
12,880,000,000
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - imports
9,928,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - production
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - exports
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - imports
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - production
6,003,000,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - exports
4,162,000,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - imports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - fixed lines
80,545
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - mobile cellular
11,875,506
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Internet users
4,543,284
July 2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Broadband - fixed subscriptions
41,653
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Airports
98
2013
Country Comparison :: Railways
4,787
2014
Country Comparison :: Roadways
31,083
2015
Country Comparison :: Waterways
460
2010
Airports
98
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total:41,653(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:less than 1(2017 est.)
Crude oil - exports   (bbl/day)
0
Crude oil - imports   (bbl/day)
0 bbl/day(2015 est.)
Crude oil - production   (bbl/day)
0 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Electricity - consumption   (kWh)
11,570,000,000
Electricity - exports   (kWh)
12,880,000,000
Electricity - imports   (kWh)
9,928,000,000
Electricity - production   (kWh)
18,390,000,000
Internet users
total: 4,543,284 (July 2016 est.)
Natural gas - exports   (cu m)
4,162,000,000
Natural gas - imports   (cu m)
0 cu m(2017 est.)
Natural gas - production   (cu m)
6.003 billion cu m(2017 est.)
Railways   (km)
total:4,787 km(2014)narrow gauge:4,787 km1.067-m gauge(2014)
Roadways   (km)
31,083
Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions:80,545(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:less than 1(2017 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
11,875,506
Waterways   (km)
460
Disputes - international
South Africa has placed military units to assist police operations along the border of Lesotho, Zimbabwe, and Mozambique to control smuggling, poaching, and illegal migration
Country Comparison :: Public debt
102.10
2017 est.
Public debt   (% of GDP)
102.10
Country Comparison :: GDP - real growth rate
3.70
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Gross national saving
16.80
2017 est.
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)   (% (of GDP))
-5.6% (of GDP)(2017 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$37,090,000,000
Industrial production growth rate   (%)
4.90

Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Mosambik
104 950 000 EUR
98 127 000 EUR
-6.50 %
Bekleidung
Mosambik
721 000 EUR
413 000 EUR
-42.72 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Mosambik
5 428 000 EUR
5 418 000 EUR
-0.18 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Mosambik
17 034 000 EUR
11 781 000 EUR
-30.84 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Mosambik
6 396 000 EUR
4 575 000 EUR
-28.47 %
Energieversorgung
Mosambik
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Mosambik
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erze
Mosambik
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Mosambik
12 062 000 EUR
14 069 000 EUR
16.64 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Mosambik
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Mosambik
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Getränke
Mosambik
2 668 000 EUR
3 212 000 EUR
20.39 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Mosambik
429 000 EUR
603 000 EUR
40.56 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Mosambik
693 000 EUR
857 000 EUR
23.67 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Mosambik
41 000 EUR
59 000 EUR
43.90 %
Kohle
Mosambik
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Mosambik
177 000 EUR
6 000 EUR
-96.61 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Mosambik
743 000 EUR
1 208 000 EUR
62.58 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Mosambik
52 000 EUR
59 000 EUR
13.46 %
Maschinen
Mosambik
48 063 000 EUR
38 298 000 EUR
-20.32 %
Metalle
Mosambik
148 000 EUR
1 217 000 EUR
722.30 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Mosambik
1 539 000 EUR
1 632 000 EUR
6.04 %
Möbel
Mosambik
36 000 EUR
439 000 EUR
1 119.44 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Mosambik
792 000 EUR
1 106 000 EUR
39.65 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Mosambik
188 000 EUR
643 000 EUR
242.02 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Mosambik
351 000 EUR
1 613 000 EUR
359.54 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Mosambik
94 000 EUR
62 000 EUR
-34.04 %
Sonstige Waren
Mosambik
7 253 000 EUR
10 442 000 EUR
43.97 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbauerzeugnisse
Mosambik
3 000 EUR
21 000 EUR
600.00 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Mosambik
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Textilien
Mosambik
39 000 EUR
394 000 EUR
910.26 %