Myanmar - Daten & Fakten

Daten & Fakten
Flagge: Myanmar Myanmar
Hauptstadt
name: Rangoon (Yangon); note - Nay Pyi Taw is the administrative capital geographic coordinates: 16 48 N, 96 09 E time difference: UTC+6.5 (11.5 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time) etymology: Rangoon (Yangon) is a compound of "yan" signifying "enemies" and "koun" meaning "to run out of" and so denoting "End of Strife"; Nay Pyi Taw translates as: "Great City of the Sun" or "Abode of Kings"
Staatsbürgerschaft
citizenship by birth: no citizenship by descent only: both parents must be citizens of Burma dual citizenship recognized: no residency requirement for naturalization: none note: an applicant for naturalization must be the child or spouse of a citizen
Government type
parliamentary republic
Legal system
mixed legal system of English common law (as introduced in codifications designed for colonial India) and customary law
Suffrage
18 years of age; universal
Country Comparison :: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
4.0
est.
Country Comparison :: GDP - per capita (PPP)
$6,300
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Labor force
22,300,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Unemployment rate
4.00
2017 est.
Labor force
22,300,000
Population below poverty line
25.6%(2016 est.)
Unemployment rate   (%)
4%(2017 est.)4%(2016 est.)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24   (%)
total:4%male:3.3%female:4.8%(2017 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years:26.56%(male 7,556,848 /female 7,216,374)15-24 years:17.51%(male 4,900,092 /female 4,837,726)25-54 years:42.51%(male 11,577,883 /female 12,068,190)55-64 years:7.75%(male 2,011,057 /female 2,301,983)65 years and over:5.67%(male 1,373,892 /female 1,778,461)(2018 est.)
Birth rate   (births/1,000 population)
17.7 births/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Death rate   (deaths/1,000 population)
7.30
Languages
Burmese (official) note: minority ethnic groups use their own languages
Life expectancy at birth   (years)
68.60
Major urban areas - population
5.157 million RANGOON (Yangon) (capital), 1.374 million Mandalay (2018)
Median age   (years)
total:28.5 yearsmale:27.7 yearsfemale:29.4 years(2018 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
25 years (2015/16 est.)
Net migration rate
-1.5 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Population distribution
population concentrated along coastal areas and in general proximity to the shores of the Irrawaddy River; the extreme north is relatively underpopulated
Population growth rate   (%)
0.89%(2018 est.)
Total fertility rate   (children born/woman)
2.13 children born/woman(2018 est.)
Urbanization
rate of urbanization: 1.74% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Education expenditures   (% of GDP)
0.80
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
female: 10 years (2017)
Country Comparison :: Central bank discount rate
9.95
31 December 2010
Central bank discount rate   (%)
9.95
Country Comparison :: Exports
$9,832,000,000
2017 est.
Exports
$9,832,000,000
Exports - partners
China 36.5%, Thailand 21.8%, Japan 6.6%, Singapore 6.4%, India 5.9% (2017)
Area   (sq km)
total:676,578 sq kmland:653,508 sq kmwater:23,070 sq km
Land use
agricultural land:19.2%(2011 est.)arable land:16.5%(2011 est.) / permanent crops:2.2%(2011 est.) / permanent pasture:0.5%(2011 est.)forest:48.2%(2011 est.)other:32.6%(2011 est.)
Location
Southeastern Asia, bordering the Andaman Sea and the Bay of Bengal, between Bangladesh and Thailand
Country Comparison :: Imports
$15,780,000,000
2017 est.
Imports
$15,780,000,000
Imports - partners
China 31.4%, Singapore 15%, Thailand 11.1%, Saudi Arabia 7.5%, Malaysia 6.2%, Japan 6%, India 5.5%, Indonesia 4.5% (2017)
Country Comparison :: Inflation rate (consumer prices)
4.00
2017 est.
Inflation rate (consumer prices)   (%)
4.00
Country Comparison :: Electricity - production
17,320,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - consumption
14,930,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - exports
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - imports
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - production
12,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - exports
1,824
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - imports
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - production
18,410,000,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - exports
14,070,000,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - imports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - fixed lines
556,112
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - mobile cellular
47,951,228
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Internet users
14,264,308
July 2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Broadband - fixed subscriptions
404,932
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Airports
64
2013
Country Comparison :: Railways
5,031
2008
Country Comparison :: Waterways
12,800
2011
Airports
64
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total:404,932(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:less than 1(2017 est.)
Crude oil - exports   (bbl/day)
1,824
Crude oil - imports   (bbl/day)
0 bbl/day(2015 est.)
Crude oil - production   (bbl/day)
12,000 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Electricity - consumption   (kWh)
14,930,000,000
Electricity - exports   (kWh)
0
Electricity - imports   (kWh)
0
Electricity - production   (kWh)
17,320,000,000
Internet users
total: 14,264,308 (July 2016 est.)
Natural gas - exports   (cu m)
14,070,000,000
Natural gas - imports   (cu m)
0 cu m(2017 est.)
Natural gas - production   (cu m)
18.41 billion cu m(2017 est.)
Railways   (km)
total:5,031 km(2008)narrow gauge:5,031 km1.000-m gauge(2008)
Roadways   (km)
157,000
Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions:556,112(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:1(2017 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
47,951,228
Waterways   (km)
12,800
Disputes - international
over half of Burma's population consists of diverse ethnic groups who have substantial numbers of kin in neighboring countries; the Naf River on the border with Bangladesh serves as a smuggling and illegal transit route; Bangladesh struggles to accommodate 741,792 Rohingya, Burmese Muslim minority from Arakan State, living as refugees in Cox's Bazar; Burmese border authorities are constructing a 200 km (124 mi) wire fence designed to deter illegal cross-border transit and tensions from the military build-up along border with Bangladesh in 2010; Bangladesh referred its maritime boundary claims with Burma and India to the International Tribunal on the Law of the Sea; Burmese forces attempting to dig in to the largely autonomous Shan State to rout local militias tied to the drug trade, prompts local residents to periodically flee into neighboring Yunnan Province in China; fencing along the India-Burma international border at Manipur's Moreh town is in progress to check illegal drug trafficking and movement of militants; over 100,000 mostly Karen refugees and asylum seekers fleeing civil strife, political upheaval, and economic stagnation in Burma were living in remote camps in Thailand near the border as of May 2017
Country Comparison :: Public debt
33.60
2017 est.
Public debt   (% of GDP)
33.60
Country Comparison :: GDP - real growth rate
6.80
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Gross national saving
17.70
2017 est.
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)   (% (of GDP))
-3.2% (of GDP)(2017 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$329,800,000,000
Industrial production growth rate   (%)
8.90

Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Myanmar
122 336 000 EUR
151 423 000 EUR
23.78 %
Bekleidung
Myanmar
335 000 EUR
284 000 EUR
-15.22 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Myanmar
13 355 000 EUR
13 603 000 EUR
1.86 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Myanmar
9 491 000 EUR
8 043 000 EUR
-15.26 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Myanmar
11 646 000 EUR
11 934 000 EUR
2.47 %
Energieversorgung
Myanmar
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Myanmar
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erze
Myanmar
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Myanmar
481 000 EUR
223 000 EUR
-53.64 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Myanmar
0 EUR
2 000 EUR
0.00 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Myanmar
0 EUR
62 000 EUR
0.00 %
Getränke
Myanmar
655 000 EUR
1 464 000 EUR
123.51 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Myanmar
877 000 EUR
622 000 EUR
-29.08 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Myanmar
1 835 000 EUR
4 263 000 EUR
132.32 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Myanmar
131 000 EUR
125 000 EUR
-4.58 %
Kohle
Myanmar
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Myanmar
2 539 000 EUR
3 303 000 EUR
30.09 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Myanmar
4 982 000 EUR
7 930 000 EUR
59.17 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Myanmar
344 000 EUR
226 000 EUR
-34.30 %
Maschinen
Myanmar
40 024 000 EUR
51 284 000 EUR
28.13 %
Metalle
Myanmar
1 710 000 EUR
1 588 000 EUR
-7.13 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Myanmar
2 325 000 EUR
2 913 000 EUR
25.29 %
Möbel
Myanmar
458 000 EUR
100 000 EUR
-78.17 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Myanmar
8 325 000 EUR
13 459 000 EUR
61.67 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Myanmar
1 789 000 EUR
3 067 000 EUR
71.44 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Myanmar
10 998 000 EUR
15 900 000 EUR
44.57 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Myanmar
872 000 EUR
193 000 EUR
-77.87 %
Sonstige Waren
Myanmar
7 474 000 EUR
9 225 000 EUR
23.43 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbauerzeugnisse
Myanmar
60 000 EUR
96 000 EUR
60.00 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Myanmar
1 000 EUR
2 000 EUR
100.00 %
Textilien
Myanmar
1 629 000 EUR
1 512 000 EUR
-7.18 %