Österreich - Daten & Fakten

Daten & Fakten
Flagge: Österreich Österreich
Hauptstadt
name: Vienna geographic coordinates: 48 12 N, 16 22 E time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time) daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October etymology: the origin of the name is disputed but may derive from earlier settlements of the area; a Celtic town of Vedunia, established about 500 B.C., came under Roman dominance around 15 B.C. and became known as Vindobona; archeological remains of the latter survive at many sites in the center of Vienna
Staatsbürgerschaft
citizenship by birth: no citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Austria dual citizenship recognized: no residency requirement for naturalization: 10 years
Government type
federal parliamentary republic
Legal system
civil law system; judicial review of legislative acts by the Constitutional Court
Suffrage
16 years of age; universal
Country Comparison :: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
9.8
est.
Country Comparison :: GDP - per capita (PPP)
$50,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Labor force
4,260,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Unemployment rate
5.50
2017 est.
Labor force
4,260,000
Population below poverty line
3%(2017 est.)
Unemployment rate   (%)
5.5%(2017 est.)6%(2016 est.)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24   (%)
total:9.8%male:10.8%female:8.7%(2017 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years:14%(male 630,739 /female 600,663)15-24 years:10.82%(male 484,515 /female 467,064)25-54 years:42.1%(male 1,851,209 /female 1,851,100)55-64 years:13.63%(male 595,146 /female 603,249)65 years and over:19.44%(male 743,174 /female 966,511)(2018 est.)
Birth rate   (births/1,000 population)
9.5 births/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Death rate   (deaths/1,000 population)
9.70
Languages
German (official nationwide) 88.6%, Turkish 2.3%, Serbian 2.2%, Croatian (official in Burgenland) 1.6%, other (includes Slovene, official in southern Carinthia, and Hungarian, official in Burgenland) 5.3% (2001 est.)
Life expectancy at birth   (years)
81.70
Major urban areas - population
1.901 million VIENNA (capital) (2018)
Median age   (years)
total:44.2 yearsmale:42.9 yearsfemale:45.4 years(2018 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
29 years (2014 est.)
Net migration rate
4.4 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Population distribution
the northern and eastern portions of the country are more densely populated; nearly two-thirds of the populace lives in urban areas
Population growth rate   (%)
0.42%(2018 est.)
Total fertility rate   (children born/woman)
1.48 children born/woman(2018 est.)
Urbanization
rate of urbanization: 0.59% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Education expenditures   (% of GDP)
5.50
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
female: 16 years (2016)
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$294,100,000,000
31 December 2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$339,700,000,000
31 December 2017 est.
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$339.7 billion(31 December 2017 est.)$214.7 billion(31 December 2016 est.)
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$294,100,000,000
Country Comparison :: Central bank discount rate
0.00
31 December 2017
Central bank discount rate   (%)
0.00
Country Comparison :: Exports
$156,700,000,000
2017 est.
Exports
$156,700,000,000
Exports - partners
Germany 29.4%, US 6.3%, Italy 6.2%, Switzerland 5.1%, France 4.8%, Slovakia 4.8% (2017)
Area   (sq km)
total:83,871 sq kmland:82,445 sq kmwater:1,426 sq km
Land use
agricultural land:38.4%(2016 est.)arable land:16.5%(2016 est.) / permanent crops:0.8%(2016 est.) / permanent pasture:21.1%(2016 est.)forest:47.2%(2016 est.)other:14.4%(2016 est.)
Location
Central Europe, north of Italy and Slovenia
Country Comparison :: Imports
$158,100,000,000
2017 est.
Imports
$158,100,000,000
Imports - partners
Germany 41.8%, Italy 5.8%, Switzerland 5.5%, Czech Republic 4.4%, Netherlands 4.2% (2017)
Country Comparison :: Inflation rate (consumer prices)
2.20
2017 est.
Inflation rate (consumer prices)   (%)
2.20
Country Comparison :: Electricity - production
60,780,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - consumption
64,600,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - exports
19,210,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - imports
26,370,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - production
14,260
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - exports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - imports
146,600
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - production
1,274,000,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - exports
5,437,000,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - imports
14,020,000,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - fixed lines
3,762,801
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - mobile cellular
14,924,340
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Internet users
7,346,055
July 2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Broadband - fixed subscriptions
2,511,200
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Airports
52
2013
Country Comparison :: Railways
5,800
Country Comparison :: Roadways
138,696
2016
Country Comparison :: Waterways
358
2011
Airports
52
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total:2,511,200(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:29(2017 est.)
Crude oil - exports   (bbl/day)
0
Crude oil - imports   (bbl/day)
146,600 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Crude oil - production   (bbl/day)
14,260 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Electricity - consumption   (kWh)
64,600,000,000
Electricity - exports   (kWh)
19,210,000,000
Electricity - imports   (kWh)
26,370,000,000
Electricity - production   (kWh)
60,780,000,000
Internet users
total: 7,346,055 (July 2016 est.)
Natural gas - exports   (cu m)
5,437,000,000
Natural gas - imports   (cu m)
14.02 billion cu m(2017 est.)
Natural gas - production   (cu m)
1.274 billion cu m(2017 est.)
Railways   (km)
total:5,800 km(2017)standard gauge:5,300 km1.435-m gauge (3,826 km electrified) (2016)
Roadways   (km)
137,039
Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions:3,762,801(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:43(2017 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
14,924,340
Waterways   (km)
358
Disputes - international
none
Country Comparison :: Public debt
78.60
2017 est.
Public debt   (% of GDP)
78.60
Country Comparison :: GDP - real growth rate
3.00
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Gross national saving
27.00
2017 est.
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)   (% (of GDP))
-0.7% (of GDP)(2017 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$441,000,000,000
Industrial production growth rate   (%)
6.50

Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Österreich
65 026 869 000 EUR
66 093 225 000 EUR
1.64 %
Bekleidung
Österreich
2 471 187 000 EUR
2 489 208 000 EUR
0.73 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Österreich
4 349 946 000 EUR
4 214 367 000 EUR
-3.12 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Österreich
4 449 918 000 EUR
4 467 330 000 EUR
0.39 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Österreich
4 341 889 000 EUR
4 382 592 000 EUR
0.94 %
Energieversorgung
Österreich
562 937 000 EUR
690 405 000 EUR
22.64 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Österreich
1 216 567 000 EUR
2 377 748 000 EUR
95.45 %
Erze
Österreich
6 291 000 EUR
69 963 000 EUR
1 012.11 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Österreich
735 263 000 EUR
692 067 000 EUR
-5.87 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Österreich
13 734 000 EUR
14 597 000 EUR
6.28 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Österreich
180 931 000 EUR
132 265 000 EUR
-26.90 %
Getränke
Österreich
265 464 000 EUR
268 174 000 EUR
1.02 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Österreich
1 150 802 000 EUR
1 167 735 000 EUR
1.47 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Österreich
2 685 979 000 EUR
2 700 570 000 EUR
0.54 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Österreich
736 998 000 EUR
720 463 000 EUR
-2.24 %
Kohle
Österreich
6 277 000 EUR
28 670 000 EUR
356.75 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Österreich
2 596 338 000 EUR
2 397 482 000 EUR
-7.66 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Österreich
7 256 468 000 EUR
6 847 178 000 EUR
-5.64 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Österreich
549 037 000 EUR
550 872 000 EUR
0.33 %
Maschinen
Österreich
8 412 817 000 EUR
8 381 449 000 EUR
-0.37 %
Metalle
Österreich
3 704 644 000 EUR
3 517 505 000 EUR
-5.05 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Österreich
3 166 475 000 EUR
3 105 559 000 EUR
-1.92 %
Möbel
Österreich
1 031 621 000 EUR
1 044 503 000 EUR
1.25 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Österreich
3 903 700 000 EUR
4 043 354 000 EUR
3.58 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Österreich
1 359 294 000 EUR
1 313 520 000 EUR
-3.37 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Österreich
1 846 144 000 EUR
1 908 976 000 EUR
3.40 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Österreich
1 129 598 000 EUR
1 160 420 000 EUR
2.73 %
Sonstige Waren
Österreich
5 851 072 000 EUR
6 390 848 000 EUR
9.23 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbauerzeugnisse
Österreich
100 111 000 EUR
86 889 000 EUR
-13.21 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Österreich
89 281 000 EUR
69 057 000 EUR
-22.65 %
Textilien
Österreich
856 086 000 EUR
859 459 000 EUR
0.39 %