Polen - Daten & Fakten

Daten & Fakten
Flagge: Polen Polen
Hauptstadt
name: Warsaw geographic coordinates: 52 15 N, 21 00 E time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time) daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
Staatsbürgerschaft
citizenship by birth: no citizenship by descent only: both parents must be citizens of Poland dual citizenship recognized: no residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years
Regierungstyp
parliamentary republic
Rechtsordnung
civil law system; judicial review of legislative, administrative, and other governmental acts; constitutional law rulings of the Constitutional Tribunal are final
Wahlrecht
18 years of age; universal
Country Comparison :: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
14.8
est.
Country Comparison :: GDP - per capita (PPP)
$29,600
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Labor force
17,600,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Unemployment rate
4.90
2017 est.
Labor force
17,600,000
Population below poverty line
17.6%(2015 est.)
Unemployment rate   (%)
4.9%(2017 est.)6.2%(2016 est.)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24   (%)
total:14.8%male:14.6%female:15.1%(2017 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years:14.8%(male 2,924,077 /female 2,762,634)15-24 years:10.34%(male 2,040,043 /female 1,932,009)25-54 years:43.44%(male 8,431,045 /female 8,260,124)55-64 years:13.95%(male 2,538,566 /female 2,819,544)65 years and over:17.47%(male 2,663,364 /female 4,049,281)(2018 est.)
Birth rate   (births/1,000 population)
9.3 births/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Death rate   (deaths/1,000 population)
10.50
Languages
Polish (official) 98.2%, Silesian 1.4%, other 1.1%, unspecified 1.3% (2011 est.) note: data represents the language spoken at home; shares sum to more than 100% because some respondents gave more than one answer on the census; Poland ratified the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages in 2009 recognizing Kashub as a regional language, Czech, Hebrew, Yiddish, Belarusian, Lithuanian, German, Armenian, Russian, Slovak, and Ukrainian as national minority languages, and Karaim, Lemko, Romani (Polska Roma and Bergitka Roma), and Tatar as ethnic minority languages
Life expectancy at birth   (years)
77.90
Major urban areas - population
1.768 million WARSAW (capital), 767,000 Krakow (2018)
Median age   (years)
total:41.1 yearsmale:39.4 yearsfemale:42.8 years(2018 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
27.4 years (2014 est.)
Net migration rate   (migrant(s)/1,000 population)
-0.4 migrant(s)/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Population distribution
population concentrated in the southern area around Krakow and the central area around Warsaw and Lodz, with an extension to the northern coastal city of Gdansk
Population growth rate   (%)
-0.16%(2018 est.)
Total fertility rate   (children born/woman)
1.36 children born/woman(2018 est.)
Urbanization
rate of urbanization: -0.25% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Education expenditures   (% of GDP)
4.80
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
female: 17 years (2016)
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$282,600,000,000
31 December 2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$72,870,000,000
31 December 2017 est.
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$72.87 billion(31 December 2017 est.)$64.52 billion(31 December 2016 est.)
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$282,600,000,000
Country Comparison :: Central bank discount rate
1.50
31 December 2017
Central bank discount rate   (%)
1.50
Country Comparison :: Exports
$224,600,000,000
2017 est.
Exports
$224,600,000,000
Exports - partners
Germany 27.4%, Czech Republic 6.4%, UK 6.4%, France 5.6%, Italy 4.9%, Netherlands 4.4% (2017)
Area   (sq km)
total:312,685 sq kmland:304,255 sq kmwater:8,430 sq km
Land use
agricultural land:48.2%(2011 est.)arable land:36.2%(2011 est.) / permanent crops:1.3%(2011 est.) / permanent pasture:10.7%(2011 est.)forest:30.6%(2011 est.)other:21.2%(2011 est.)
Location
Central Europe, east of Germany
Country Comparison :: Imports
$223,800,000,000
2017 est.
Imports
$223,800,000,000
Imports - partners
Germany 27.9%, China 8%, Russia 6.4%, Netherlands 6%, Italy 5.3%, France 4.2%, Czech Republic 4% (2017)
Country Comparison :: Inflation rate (consumer prices)
2.00
2017 est.
Inflation rate (consumer prices)   (%)
2.00
Country Comparison :: Electricity - production
156,900,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - consumption
149,400,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - exports
12,020,000,000
2016
Country Comparison :: Electricity - imports
14,020,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - production
20,070
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - exports
4,451
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - imports
493,100
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - production
5,748,000,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - exports
1,246,000,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - imports
15,720,000,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - fixed lines
8,143,145
July 2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - mobile cellular
49,828,596
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Internet users
28,237,820
July 2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Broadband - fixed subscriptions
7,053,333
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Airports
126
2013
Country Comparison :: Railways
19,231
2016
Country Comparison :: Roadways
420,000
2016
Country Comparison :: Waterways
3,997
2009
Airports
126
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total:7,053,333(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:18(2017 est.)
Crude oil - exports   (bbl/day)
4,451
Crude oil - imports   (bbl/day)
493,100 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Crude oil - production   (bbl/day)
20,070 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Electricity - consumption   (kWh)
149,400,000,000
Electricity - exports   (kWh)
12,020,000,000
Electricity - imports   (kWh)
14,020,000,000
Electricity - production   (kWh)
156,900,000,000
Internet users
total: 28,237,820 (July 2016 est.)
Natural gas - exports   (cu m)
1,246,000,000
Natural gas - imports   (cu m)
15.72 billion cu m(2017 est.)
Natural gas - production   (cu m)
5.748 billion cu m(2017 est.)
Railways   (km)
total:19,231 km(2016)standard gauge:18,836 km1.435-m gauge (11,874 km electrified)(2016)broad gauge:395 km1.524-m gauge(2016)
Roadways   (km)
420,000
Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions:8,143,145(July 2016 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:24(July 2016 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
49,828,596
Waterways   (km)
3,997
Disputes - international
as a member state that forms part of the EU's external border, Poland has implemented the strict Schengen border rules to restrict illegal immigration and trade along its eastern borders with Belarus and Ukraine
Country Comparison :: Public debt
50.60
2017 est.
Public debt   (% of GDP)
50.60
Country Comparison :: GDP - real growth rate
4.70
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Gross national saving
20.00
2017 est.
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)   (% (of GDP))
-1.7% (of GDP)(2017 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$1,126,000,000,000
Industrial production growth rate   (%)
7.50

Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Polen
65 912 377 000 EUR
0 EUR

Bekleidung
Polen
3 008 233 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Polen
6 890 250 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Polen
5 965 775 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Polen
3 967 713 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Energieversorgung
Polen
624 328 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Polen
54 742 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erze
Polen
5 078 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Polen
558 599 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Polen
4 227 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Polen
10 639 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Getränke
Polen
166 216 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Polen
979 487 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Polen
3 386 205 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Polen
326 018 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kohle
Polen
24 766 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Polen
863 472 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Polen
7 582 125 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Polen
1 354 966 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Maschinen
Polen
8 209 282 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Metalle
Polen
3 762 396 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Polen
2 908 188 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Möbel
Polen
531 210 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Polen
3 747 478 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Polen
1 993 338 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Polen
1 462 223 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Polen
1 058 944 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Sonstige Waren
Polen
5 115 562 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbauerzeugnisse
Polen
88 290 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Polen
158 962 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Textilien
Polen
1 103 665 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %