Rumänien - Daten & Fakten

Daten & Fakten
Flagge: Rumänien Rumänien
Hauptstadt
name: Bucharest geographic coordinates: 44 26 N, 26 06 E time difference: UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time) daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
Staatsbürgerschaft
citizenship by birth: no citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Romania dual citizenship recognized: yes residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years
Government type
semi-presidential republic
Legal system
civil law system
Suffrage
18 years of age; universal
Country Comparison :: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
18.3
est.
Country Comparison :: GDP - per capita (PPP)
$24,600
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Labor force
8,951,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Unemployment rate
4.90
2017 est.
Labor force
8,951,000
Population below poverty line
22.4%(2012 est.)
Unemployment rate   (%)
4.9%(2017 est.)5.9%(2016 est.)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24   (%)
total:18.3%male:18.1%female:18.6%(2017 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years:14.31%(male 1,576,621 /female 1,493,082)15-24 years:10.45%(male 1,151,312 /female 1,091,956)25-54 years:46.11%(male 5,010,272 /female 4,883,090)55-64 years:12.37%(male 1,244,669 /female 1,409,854)65 years and over:16.76%(male 1,454,320 /female 2,141,940)(2018 est.)
Birth rate   (births/1,000 population)
8.7 births/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Death rate   (deaths/1,000 population)
12.00
Languages
Romanian (official) 85.4%, Hungarian 6.3%, Romani 1.2%, other 1%, unspecified 6.1% (2011 est.)
Life expectancy at birth   (years)
75.60
Major urban areas - population
1.821 million BUCHAREST (capital) (2018)
Median age   (years)
total:41.6 yearsmale:40.2 yearsfemale:43 years(2018 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
26.7 years (2014 est.)
Net migration rate
-0.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Population distribution
urbanization is not particularly high, and a fairly even population distribution can be found throughout most of the country, with urban areas attracting larger and denser populations; Hungarians, the country's largest minority, have a particularly strong presence in eastern Transylvania
Population growth rate   (%)
-0.35%(2018 est.)
Total fertility rate   (children born/woman)
1.36 children born/woman(2018 est.)
Urbanization
rate of urbanization: -0.38% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Education expenditures   (% of GDP)
3.10
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
female: 15 years (2016)
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$94,000,000,000
31 December 2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$6,822,000,000
31 December 2017 est.
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$6.822 billion(31 December 2017 est.)$5.963 billion(31 December 2016 est.)
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$94,000,000,000
Country Comparison :: Central bank discount rate
1.75
31 December 2017
Central bank discount rate   (%)
1.75
Country Comparison :: Exports
$64,580,000,000
2017 est.
Exports
$64,580,000,000
Exports - partners
Germany 23%, Italy 11.2%, France 6.8%, Hungary 4.7%, UK 4.1% (2017)
Area   (sq km)
total:238,391 sq kmland:229,891 sq kmwater:8,500 sq km
Land use
agricultural land:60.7%(2011 est.)arable land:39.1%(2011 est.) / permanent crops:1.9%(2011 est.) / permanent pasture:19.7%(2011 est.)forest:28.7%(2011 est.)other:10.6%(2011 est.)
Location
Southeastern Europe, bordering the Black Sea, between Bulgaria and Ukraine
Country Comparison :: Imports
$78,120,000,000
2017 est.
Imports
$78,120,000,000
Imports - partners
Germany 20%, Italy 10%, Hungary 7.5%, Poland 5.5%, France 5.3%, China 5%, Netherlands 4% (2017)
Country Comparison :: Inflation rate (consumer prices)
1.30
2017 est.
Inflation rate (consumer prices)   (%)
1.30
Country Comparison :: Electricity - production
61,780,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - consumption
49,640,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - exports
11,220,000,000
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - imports
4,177,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - production
73,740
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - exports
2,076
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - imports
145,300
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - production
10,870,000,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - exports
22,650,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - imports
1,218,000,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - fixed lines
3,890,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - mobile cellular
22,550,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Internet users
12,852,696
July 2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Broadband - fixed subscriptions
4,780,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Airports
45
2013
Country Comparison :: Railways
11,268
2014
Country Comparison :: Roadways
84,185
2012
Country Comparison :: Waterways
1,731
2010
Airports
45
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total:4.78 million(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:22(2017 est.)
Crude oil - exports   (bbl/day)
2,076
Crude oil - imports   (bbl/day)
145,300 bbl/day(2015 est.)
Crude oil - production   (bbl/day)
73,740 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Electricity - consumption   (kWh)
49,640,000,000
Electricity - exports   (kWh)
11,220,000,000
Electricity - imports   (kWh)
4,177,000,000
Electricity - production   (kWh)
61,780,000,000
Internet users
total: 12,852,696 (July 2016 est.)
Natural gas - exports   (cu m)
22,650,000
Natural gas - imports   (cu m)
1.218 billion cu m(2017 est.)
Natural gas - production   (cu m)
10.87 billion cu m(2017 est.)
Railways   (km)
total:11,268 km(2014)standard gauge:10,781 km1.435-m gauge (3,292 km electrified)(2014)narrow gauge:427 km0.760-m gauge(2014)broad gauge:60 km1.524-m gauge(2014)
Roadways   (km)
84,185
Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions:3.89 million(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:18(2017 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
22,550,000
Waterways   (km)
1,731
Disputes - international
the ICJ ruled largely in favor of Romania in its dispute submitted in 2004 over Ukrainian-administered Zmiyinyy/Serpilor (Snake) Island and Black Sea maritime boundary delimitation; Romania opposes Ukraine's reopening of a navigation canal from the Danube border through Ukraine to the Black Sea
Country Comparison :: Public debt
36.80
2017 est.
Public debt   (% of GDP)
36.80
Country Comparison :: GDP - real growth rate
6.90
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Gross national saving
21.10
2017 est.
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)   (% (of GDP))
-2.8% (of GDP)(2017 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$483,400,000,000
Industrial production growth rate   (%)
5.50

Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Rumänien
16 256 582 000 EUR
16 865 040 000 EUR
3.74 %
Bekleidung
Rumänien
113 558 000 EUR
149 930 000 EUR
32.03 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Rumänien
1 131 943 000 EUR
1 147 561 000 EUR
1.38 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Rumänien
1 933 282 000 EUR
1 954 257 000 EUR
1.08 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Rumänien
2 075 555 000 EUR
2 191 293 000 EUR
5.58 %
Energieversorgung
Rumänien
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Rumänien
0 EUR
544 000 EUR
0.00 %
Erze
Rumänien
347 000 EUR
265 000 EUR
-23.63 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Rumänien
140 084 000 EUR
90 640 000 EUR
-35.30 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Rumänien
84 000 EUR
56 000 EUR
-33.33 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Rumänien
2 627 000 EUR
1 770 000 EUR
-32.62 %
Getränke
Rumänien
43 141 000 EUR
48 686 000 EUR
12.85 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Rumänien
133 774 000 EUR
147 485 000 EUR
10.25 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Rumänien
889 374 000 EUR
873 310 000 EUR
-1.81 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Rumänien
73 758 000 EUR
68 710 000 EUR
-6.84 %
Kohle
Rumänien
17 000 EUR
140 000 EUR
723.53 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Rumänien
56 784 000 EUR
57 419 000 EUR
1.12 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Rumänien
2 894 390 000 EUR
2 757 115 000 EUR
-4.74 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Rumänien
93 386 000 EUR
107 534 000 EUR
15.15 %
Maschinen
Rumänien
2 246 162 000 EUR
2 282 299 000 EUR
1.61 %
Metalle
Rumänien
510 921 000 EUR
562 244 000 EUR
10.05 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Rumänien
843 231 000 EUR
810 857 000 EUR
-3.84 %
Möbel
Rumänien
83 228 000 EUR
87 200 000 EUR
4.77 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Rumänien
829 713 000 EUR
939 476 000 EUR
13.23 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Rumänien
214 532 000 EUR
218 320 000 EUR
1.77 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Rumänien
538 404 000 EUR
719 076 000 EUR
33.56 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Rumänien
135 031 000 EUR
149 016 000 EUR
10.36 %
Sonstige Waren
Rumänien
757 642 000 EUR
985 207 000 EUR
30.04 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbauerzeugnisse
Rumänien
9 705 000 EUR
9 853 000 EUR
1.52 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Rumänien
51 043 000 EUR
81 505 000 EUR
59.68 %
Textilien
Rumänien
454 866 000 EUR
423 272 000 EUR
-6.95 %