Russland - Daten & Fakten

Daten & Fakten
Flagge: Russische Föderation Russische Föderation
Hauptstadt
name: Moscow geographic coordinates: 55 45 N, 37 36 E time difference: UTC+3 (8 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time) daylight saving time: does not observe daylight savings time note: Russia has 11 time zones, the largest number of contiguous time zones of any country in the world; in 2014, two time zones were added and DST dropped
Staatsbürgerschaft
citizenship by birth: no citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Russia dual citizenship recognized: yes residency requirement for naturalization: 3-5 years
Regierungstyp
semi-presidential federation
Rechtsordnung
civil law system; judicial review of legislative acts
Wahlrecht
18 years of age; universal
Country Comparison :: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
16.3
est.
Country Comparison :: GDP - per capita (PPP)
$27,900
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Labor force
76,530,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Unemployment rate
5.20
2017 est.
Labor force
76,530,000
Population below poverty line
13.3%(2015 est.)
Unemployment rate   (%)
5.2%(2017 est.)5.5%(2016 est.)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24   (%)
total:16.3%male:15.7%female:17%(2017 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years:17.21%(male 12,566,314 /female 11,896,416)15-24 years:9.41%(male 6,840,759 /female 6,530,991)25-54 years:44.21%(male 30,868,831 /female 31,960,407)55-64 years:14.51%(male 8,907,031 /female 11,709,921)65 years and over:14.66%(male 6,565,308 /female 14,276,798)(2018 est.)
Birth rate   (births/1,000 population)
10.7 births/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Death rate   (deaths/1,000 population)
13.40
Languages
Russian (official) 85.7%, Tatar 3.2%, Chechen 1%, other 10.1% (2010 est.) note: data represent native language spoken
Life expectancy at birth   (years)
71.30
Major urban areas - population
12.41 million MOSCOW (capital), 5.383 million Saint Petersburg, 1.636 million Novosibirsk, 1.482 million Yekaterinburg, 1.264 million Nizhniy Novgorod, 1.164 million Samara (2018)
Median age   (years)
total:39.8 yearsmale:36.9 yearsfemale:42.7 years(2018 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
24.6 years (2009 est.)
Net migration rate
1.7 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Population distribution
population is heavily concentrated in the westernmost fifth of the country extending from the Baltic Sea, south to the Caspian Sea, and eastward parallel to the Kazakh border; elsewhere, sizeable pockets are isolated and generally found in the south
Population growth rate   (%)
-0.11%(2018 est.)
Total fertility rate   (children born/woman)
1.61 children born/woman(2018 est.)
Urbanization
rate of urbanization: 0.18% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Education expenditures   (% of GDP)
3.80
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
female: 16 years (2016)
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$535,200,000,000
31 December 2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$470,900,000,000
31 December 2017 est.
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$470.9 billion(31 December 2017 est.)$418 billion(31 December 2016 est.)
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$535,200,000,000
Country Comparison :: Central bank discount rate
10.00
31 December 2016 est.
Central bank discount rate   (%)
10.00
Country Comparison :: Exports
$353,000,000,000
2017 est.
Exports
$353,000,000,000
Exports - partners
China 10.9%, Netherlands 10%, Germany 7.1%, Belarus 5.1%, Turkey 4.9% (2017)
Area   (sq km)
total:17,098,242 sq kmland:16,377,742 sq kmwater:720,500 sq km
Land use
agricultural land:13.1%(2011 est.)arable land:7.3%(2011 est.) / permanent crops:0.1%(2011 est.) / permanent pasture:5.7%(2011 est.)forest:49.4%(2011 est.)other:37.5%(2011 est.)
Location
North Asia bordering the Arctic Ocean, extending from Europe (the portion west of the Urals) to the North Pacific Ocean
Country Comparison :: Imports
$238,000,000,000
2017 est.
Imports
$238,000,000,000
Imports - partners
China 21.2%, Germany 10.7%, US 5.6%, Belarus 5%, Italy 4.5%, France 4.2% (2017)
Country Comparison :: Inflation rate (consumer prices)
3.70
2017 est.
Inflation rate (consumer prices)   (%)
3.70
Country Comparison :: Electricity - production
1,031,000,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - consumption
909,600,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - exports
13,130,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - imports
3,194,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - production
10,580,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - exports
4,921,000
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - imports
76,220
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - production
665,600,000,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - exports
210,200,000,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - imports
15,770,000,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - fixed lines
31,190,855
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - mobile cellular
227,341,873
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Internet users
108,772,470
July 2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Broadband - fixed subscriptions
30,872,788
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Airports
1,218
2013
Country Comparison :: Railways
87,157
2014
Country Comparison :: Roadways
1,283,387
2012
Country Comparison :: Waterways
102,000
2009
Airports
1,218
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total:30,872,788(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:22(2017 est.)
Crude oil - exports   (bbl/day)
4,921,000
Crude oil - imports   (bbl/day)
76,220 bbl/day(2015 est.)
Crude oil - production   (bbl/day)
10.58 million bbl/day(2017 est.)
Electricity - consumption   (kWh)
909,600,000,000
Electricity - exports   (kWh)
13,130,000,000
Electricity - imports   (kWh)
3,194,000,000
Electricity - production   (kWh)
1,031,000,000,000
Internet users
total: 108,772,470 (July 2016 est.)
Natural gas - exports   (cu m)
210,200,000,000
Natural gas - imports   (cu m)
15.77 billion cu m(2017 est.)
Natural gas - production   (cu m)
665.6 billion cu m(2017 est.)
Railways   (km)
total:87,157 km(2014)narrow gauge:957 km1.067-m gauge (on Sakhalin Island)(2014)broad gauge:86,200 km1.520-m gauge (40,300 km electrified)(2014) note: an additional 30,000 km of non-common carrier lines serve industries
Roadways   (km)
1,283,387
Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions:31,190,855(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:22(2017 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
227,341,873
Waterways   (km)
102,000
Disputes - international
Russia remains concerned about the smuggling of poppy derivatives from Afghanistan through Central Asian countries; China and Russia have demarcated the once disputed islands at the Amur and Ussuri confluence and in the Argun River in accordance with the 2004 Agreement, ending their centuries-long border disputes; the sovereignty dispute over the islands of Etorofu, Kunashiri, Shikotan, and the Habomai group, known in Japan as the "Northern Territories" and in Russia as the "Southern Kurils," occupied by the Soviet Union in 1945, now administered by Russia, and claimed by Japan, remains the primary sticking point to signing a peace treaty formally ending World War II hostilities; Russia's military support and subsequent recognition of Abkhazia and South Ossetia independence in 2008 continue to sour relations with Georgia; Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, and Russia ratified Caspian seabed delimitation treaties based on equidistance, while Iran continues to insist on a one-fifth slice of the sea; Norway and Russia signed a comprehensive maritime boundary agreement in 2010; various groups in Finland advocate restoration of Karelia (Kareliya) and other areas ceded to the Soviet Union following World War II but the Finnish Government asserts no territorial demands; Russia and Estonia signed a technical border agreement in May 2005, but Russia recalled its signature in June 2005 after the Estonian parliament added to its domestic ratification act a historical preamble referencing the Soviet occupation and Estonia's pre-war borders under the 1920 Treaty of Tartu; Russia contends that the preamble allows Estonia to make territorial claims on Russia in the future, while Estonian officials deny that the preamble has any legal impact on the treaty text; Russia demands better treatment of the Russian-speaking population in Estonia and Latvia; Russia remains involved in the conflict in eastern Ukraine while also occupying Ukraine’s territory of Crimea; Lithuania and Russia committed to demarcating their boundary in 2006 in accordance with the land and maritime treaty ratified by Russia in May 2003 and by Lithuania in 1999; Lithuania operates a simplified transit regime for Russian nationals traveling from the Kaliningrad coastal exclave into Russia, while still conforming, as an EU member state with an EU external border, where strict Schengen border rules apply; preparations for the demarcation delimitation of land boundary with Ukraine have commenced; the dispute over the boundary between Russia and Ukraine through the Kerch Strait and Sea of Azov is suspended due to the occupation of Crimea by Russia; Kazakhstan and Russia boundary delimitation was ratified on November 2005 and field demarcation should commence in 2007; Russian Duma has not yet ratified 1990 Bering Sea Maritime Boundary Agreement with the US; Denmark (Greenland) and Norway have made submissions to the Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf (CLCS) and Russia is collecting additional data to augment its 2001 CLCS submission
Country Comparison :: Public debt
15.50
2017 est.
Public debt   (% of GDP)
15.50
Country Comparison :: GDP - real growth rate
1.50
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Gross national saving
26.50
2017 est.
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)   (% (of GDP))
-1.4% (of GDP)(2017 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$4,016,000,000,000
Industrial production growth rate   (%)
-1.00

Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Russische Föderation
26 540 421 000 EUR
0 EUR

Bekleidung
Russische Föderation
487 571 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Russische Föderation
2 768 829 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Russische Föderation
2 062 244 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Russische Föderation
1 930 610 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Energieversorgung
Russische Föderation
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Russische Föderation
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erze
Russische Föderation
16 779 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Russische Föderation
180 666 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Russische Föderation
143 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Russische Föderation
818 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Getränke
Russische Föderation
145 556 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Russische Föderation
323 068 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Russische Föderation
959 583 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Russische Föderation
57 859 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kohle
Russische Föderation
52 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Russische Föderation
117 602 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Russische Föderation
4 355 064 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Russische Föderation
113 385 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Maschinen
Russische Föderation
5 709 671 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Metalle
Russische Föderation
480 247 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Russische Föderation
891 733 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Möbel
Russische Föderation
149 900 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Russische Föderation
742 359 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Russische Föderation
440 104 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Russische Föderation
2 508 420 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Russische Föderation
817 498 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Sonstige Waren
Russische Föderation
1 089 678 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbauerzeugnisse
Russische Föderation
14 855 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Russische Föderation
19 555 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Textilien
Russische Föderation
156 572 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %