Saudi-Arabien - Daten & Fakten

Daten & Fakten
Flagge: Saudi-Arabien Saudi-Arabien
Hauptstadt
name: Riyadh geographic coordinates: 24 39 N, 46 42 E time difference: UTC+3 (8 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
Staatsbürgerschaft
citizenship by birth: no citizenship by descent only: the father must be a citizen of Saudi Arabia; a child born out of wedlock in Saudi Arabia to a Saudi mother and unknown father dual citizenship recognized: no residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years
Regierungstyp
absolute monarchy
Rechtsordnung
Islamic (sharia) legal system with some elements of Egyptian, French, and customary law; note - several secular codes have been introduced; commercial disputes handled by special committees
Wahlrecht
18 years of age; restricted to males; universal for municipal elections
Country Comparison :: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
24.2
est.
Country Comparison :: GDP - per capita (PPP)
$54,500
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Labor force
13,800,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Unemployment rate
6.00
2017 est.
Labor force
13,800,000
Population below poverty line
NA
Unemployment rate   (%)
6%(2017 est.)5.6%(2016 est.) note: data are for total population; unemployment among Saudi nationals is more than double
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24   (%)
total:24.2%male:17.4%female:46.3%(2016 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years:25.74%(male 4,348,227 /female 4,170,944)15-24 years:15.58%(male 2,707,229 /female 2,447,519)25-54 years:49.88%(male 9,951,080 /female 6,554,525)55-64 years:5.48%(male 1,112,743 /female 700,553)65 years and over:3.32%(male 586,606 /female 511,687)(2018 est.)
Birth rate   (births/1,000 population)
15.6 births/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Death rate   (deaths/1,000 population)
3.30
Languages
Arabic (official)
Life expectancy at birth   (years)
75.70
Major urban areas - population
6.907 million RIYADH (capital), 4.433 million Jeddah, 1.967 million Mecca, 1.43 million Medina, 1.197 million Ad Dammam (2018)
Median age   (years)
total:29.9 yearsmale:32.1 yearsfemale:27.2 years(2018 est.)
Net migration rate
4.1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Population distribution
historically a population that was mostly nomadic or semi-nomadic, the Saudi population has become more settled since petroleum was discovered in the 1930s; most of the economic activities - and with it the country's population - is concentrated in a wide area across the middle of the peninsula, from Ad Dammam in the east, through Riyadh in the interior, to Mecca-Medina in the west near the Red Sea
Population growth rate   (%)
1.63%(2018 est.)
Total fertility rate   (children born/woman)
2.04 children born/woman(2018 est.)
Urbanization
rate of urbanization: 2.17% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Education expenditures
NA
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
female: 16 years (2014)
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$264,600,000,000
31 December 2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$56,090,000,000
31 December 2017 est.
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$56.09 billion(31 December 2017 est.)$46.45 billion(31 December 2016 est.)
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$264,600,000,000
Country Comparison :: Central bank discount rate
2.50
31 December 2008
Central bank discount rate   (%)
2.50
Country Comparison :: Exports
$221,100,000,000
2017 est.
Exports
$221,100,000,000
Exports - partners
Japan 12.2%, China 11.7%, South Korea 9%, India 8.9%, US 8.3%, UAE 6.7%, Singapore 4.2% (2017)
Area   (sq km)
total:2,149,690 sq kmland:2,149,690 sq kmwater:0 sq km
Land use
agricultural land:80.7%(2011 est.)arable land:1.5%(2011 est.) / permanent crops:0.1%(2011 est.) / permanent pasture:79.1%(2011 est.)forest:0.5%(2011 est.)other:18.8%(2011 est.)
Location
Middle East, bordering the Persian Gulf and the Red Sea, north of Yemen
Country Comparison :: Imports
$119,300,000,000
2017 est.
Imports
$119,300,000,000
Imports - partners
China 15.4%, US 13.6%, UAE 6.5%, Germany 5.8%, Japan 4.1%, India 4.1%, South Korea 4% (2017)
Country Comparison :: Inflation rate (consumer prices)
-0.90
2017 est.
Inflation rate (consumer prices)   (%)
-0.90
Country Comparison :: Electricity - production
324,100,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - consumption
296,200,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - exports
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - imports
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - production
10,130,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - exports
7,341,000
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - imports
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - production
109,300,000,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - exports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - imports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - fixed lines
3,619,352
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - mobile cellular
40,210,965
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Internet users
20,768,456
July 2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Broadband - fixed subscriptions
2,498,692
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Airports
214
2013
Country Comparison :: Railways
5,410
2016
Country Comparison :: Roadways
221,372
2006
Airports
214
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total:2,498,692(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:9(2017 est.)
Crude oil - exports   (bbl/day)
7,341,000
Crude oil - imports   (bbl/day)
0 bbl/day(2015 est.)
Crude oil - production   (bbl/day)
10.13 million bbl/day(2017 est.)
Electricity - consumption   (kWh)
296,200,000,000
Electricity - exports   (kWh)
0
Electricity - imports   (kWh)
0
Electricity - production   (kWh)
324,100,000,000
Internet users
20,768,456
Natural gas - exports   (cu m)
0
Natural gas - imports   (cu m)
0 cu m(2017 est.)
Natural gas - production   (cu m)
109.3 billion cu m(2017 est.)
Railways   (km)
total:5,410 km(2016)standard gauge:5,410 km1.435-m gauge (with branch lines and sidings)(2016)
Roadways   (km)
221,372
Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions:3,619,352(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:13(2017 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
40,210,965
Disputes - international
Saudi Arabia has reinforced its concrete-filled security barrier along sections of the now fully demarcated border with Yemen to stem illegal cross-border activities; Kuwait and Saudi Arabia continue discussions on a maritime boundary with Iran; Saudi Arabia claims Egyptian-administered islands of Tiran and Sanafir
Country Comparison :: Public debt
17.20
2017 est.
Public debt   (% of GDP)
17.20
Country Comparison :: GDP - real growth rate
-0.90
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Gross national saving
30.10
2017 est.
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)   (% (of GDP))
-8.9% (of GDP)(2017 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$1,775,000,000,000
Industrial production growth rate   (%)
-2.40

Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Saudi-Arabien
5 914 694 000 EUR
4 371 590 000 EUR
-26.09 %
Bekleidung
Saudi-Arabien
19 025 000 EUR
14 123 000 EUR
-25.77 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Saudi-Arabien
670 431 000 EUR
746 281 000 EUR
11.31 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Saudi-Arabien
548 169 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Saudi-Arabien
303 487 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Energieversorgung
Saudi-Arabien
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Saudi-Arabien
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erze
Saudi-Arabien
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Saudi-Arabien
199 629 000 EUR
214 033 000 EUR
7.22 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Saudi-Arabien
1 000 EUR
5 000 EUR
400.00 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Saudi-Arabien
39 000 EUR
17 000 EUR
-56.41 %
Getränke
Saudi-Arabien
4 250 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Saudi-Arabien
70 169 000 EUR
50 240 000 EUR
-28.40 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Saudi-Arabien
139 305 000 EUR
131 372 000 EUR
-5.69 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Saudi-Arabien
35 262 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kohle
Saudi-Arabien
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Saudi-Arabien
7 695 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Saudi-Arabien
967 175 000 EUR
770 537 000 EUR
-20.33 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Saudi-Arabien
7 550 000 EUR
6 799 000 EUR
-9.95 %
Maschinen
Saudi-Arabien
972 780 000 EUR
945 357 000 EUR
-2.82 %
Metalle
Saudi-Arabien
145 483 000 EUR
173 095 000 EUR
18.98 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Saudi-Arabien
194 928 000 EUR
171 920 000 EUR
-11.80 %
Möbel
Saudi-Arabien
44 473 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Saudi-Arabien
217 814 000 EUR
251 133 000 EUR
15.30 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Saudi-Arabien
47 776 000 EUR
45 503 000 EUR
-4.76 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Saudi-Arabien
525 414 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Saudi-Arabien
366 327 000 EUR
490 963 000 EUR
34.02 %
Sonstige Waren
Saudi-Arabien
329 622 000 EUR
276 107 000 EUR
-16.24 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbauerzeugnisse
Saudi-Arabien
3 726 000 EUR
3 064 000 EUR
-17.77 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Saudi-Arabien
66 052 000 EUR
55 999 000 EUR
-15.22 %
Textilien
Saudi-Arabien
28 112 000 EUR
25 042 000 EUR
-10.92 %