Serbien - Daten & Fakten

Daten & Fakten
Flagge: Serbien Serbien
Hauptstadt
name: Belgrade (Beograd) geographic coordinates: 44 50 N, 20 30 E time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time) daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
Staatsbürgerschaft
citizenship by birth: no citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Serbia dual citizenship recognized: yes residency requirement for naturalization: 3 years
Regierungstyp
parliamentary republic
Rechtsordnung
civil law system
Wahlrecht
18 years of age, 16 if employed; universal
Country Comparison :: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
29.7
est.
Country Comparison :: GDP - per capita (PPP)
$15,100
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Labor force
2,920,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Unemployment rate
14.10
2017 est.
Labor force
2,920,000
Population below poverty line
8.9%(2014 est.)
Unemployment rate   (%)
14.1%(2017 est.)15.9%(2016 est.)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24   (%)
total:29.7%male:28.3%female:32%(2018 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years:14.35%(male 523,473 /female 492,339)15-24 years:11.19%(male 408,379 /female 383,385)25-54 years:41.27%(male 1,475,243 /female 1,445,935)55-64 years:14.21%(male 485,849 /female 520,126)65 years and over:18.98%(male 557,307 /female 786,074)(2018 est.)
Birth rate   (births/1,000 population)
8.9 births/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Death rate   (deaths/1,000 population)
13.60
Languages
Serbian (official) 88.1%, Hungarian 3.4%, Bosnian 1.9%, Romani 1.4%, other 3.4%, undeclared or unknown 1.8% (2011 est.) note: Serbian, Hungarian, Slovak, Romanian, Croatian, and Ruthenian (Rusyn) are official in the Autonomous Province of Vojvodina; most ethnic Albanians boycotted the 2011 census
Life expectancy at birth   (years)
75.90
Major urban areas - population
1.389 million BELGRADE (capital) (2018)
Median age   (years)
total:42.8 yearsmale:41.2 yearsfemale:44.5 years(2018 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
27.9 years (2014 est.)
Net migration rate
0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Population distribution
a fairly even distribution throughout most of the country, with urban areas attracting larger and denser populations
Population growth rate   (%)
-0.47%(2018 est.)
Total fertility rate   (children born/woman)
1.44 children born/woman(2018 est.)
Urbanization
rate of urbanization: -0.07% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Education expenditures   (% of GDP)
3.90
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
female: 15 years (2017)
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$41,520,000,000
31 December 2016 est.
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
NA
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$41,520,000,000
Country Comparison :: Central bank discount rate
3.50
9 October 2017
Central bank discount rate   (%)
3.50
Country Comparison :: Exports
$15,920,000,000
2017 est.
Exports
$15,920,000,000
Exports - partners
Italy 13.5%, Germany 12.8%, Bosnia and Herzegovina 8.2%, Russia 6%, Romania 4.9% (2017)
Area   (sq km)
total:77,474 sq kmland:77,474 sq kmwater:0 sq km
Land use
agricultural land:57.9%(2011 est.)arable land:37.7%(2011 est.) / permanent crops:3.4%(2011 est.) / permanent pasture:16.8%(2011 est.)forest:31.6%(2011 est.)other:10.5%(2011 est.)
Location
Southeastern Europe, between Macedonia and Hungary
Country Comparison :: Imports
$20,440,000,000
2017 est.
Imports
$20,440,000,000
Imports - partners
Germany 12.7%, Italy 10%, China 8.2%, Russia 7.3%, Hungary 4.9%, Poland 4.1% (2017)
Country Comparison :: Inflation rate (consumer prices)
3.10
2017 est.
Inflation rate (consumer prices)   (%)
3.10
Country Comparison :: Electricity - production
36,540,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - consumption
29,810,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - exports
6,428,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - imports
5,068,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - production
18,740
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - exports
123
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - imports
40,980
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - production
509,700,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - exports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - imports
2,010,000,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - fixed lines
2,609,592
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - mobile cellular
8,626,903
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Internet users
4,790,488
July 2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Broadband - fixed subscriptions
1,474,970
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Airports
26
2013
Country Comparison :: Railways
3,809
2015
Country Comparison :: Roadways
44,248
2016
Country Comparison :: Waterways
587
2009
Airports
26
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total:1,474,970(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:21(2017 est.)
Crude oil - exports   (bbl/day)
123
Crude oil - imports   (bbl/day)
40,980 bbl/day(2015 est.)
Crude oil - production   (bbl/day)
18,740 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Electricity - consumption   (kWh)
29,810,000,000
Electricity - exports   (kWh)
6,428,000,000
Electricity - imports   (kWh)
5,068,000,000
Electricity - production   (kWh)
36,540,000,000
Internet users
total: 4,790,488 (July 2016 est.)
Natural gas - exports   (cu m)
0
Natural gas - imports   (cu m)
2.01 billion cu m(2017 est.)
Natural gas - production   (cu m)
509.7 million cu m(2017 est.)
Railways   (km)
total:3,809 km(2015)standard gauge:3,809 km1.435-m gauge (3,526 km one-track lines and 283 km double-track lines) out of which 1,279 km electrified (1,000 km one-track lines and 279 km double-track lines)(2015)
Roadways   (km)
44,248
Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions:2,609,592(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:37(2017 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
8,626,903
Waterways   (km)
587
Disputes - international
Serbia with several other states protest the US and other states' recognition of Kosovo's declaration of its status as a sovereign and independent state in February 2008; ethnic Serbian municipalities along Kosovo's northern border challenge final status of Kosovo-Serbia boundary; several thousand NATO-led Kosovo Force peacekeepers under UN Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo authority continue to keep the peace within Kosovo between the ethnic Albanian majority and the Serb minority in Kosovo; Serbia delimited about half of the boundary with Bosnia and Herzegovina, but sections along the Drina River remain in dispute
Country Comparison :: Public debt
62.50
2017 est.
Public debt   (% of GDP)
62.50
Country Comparison :: GDP - real growth rate
1.90
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Gross national saving
15.30
2017 est.
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)   (% (of GDP))
0.2% (of GDP)(2017 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$105,700,000,000
Industrial production growth rate   (%)
3.90

Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Serbien
2 932 364 000 EUR
0 EUR

Bekleidung
Serbien
38 510 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Serbien
325 916 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Serbien
167 883 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Serbien
421 186 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Energieversorgung
Serbien
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Serbien
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erze
Serbien
16 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Serbien
14 192 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Serbien
11 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Serbien
118 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Getränke
Serbien
4 774 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Serbien
26 303 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Serbien
194 421 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Serbien
9 721 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kohle
Serbien
31 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Serbien
9 385 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Serbien
275 196 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Serbien
24 915 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Maschinen
Serbien
413 550 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Metalle
Serbien
231 638 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Serbien
132 435 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Möbel
Serbien
18 210 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Serbien
116 821 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Serbien
66 407 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Serbien
88 400 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Serbien
166 521 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Sonstige Waren
Serbien
95 538 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbauerzeugnisse
Serbien
1 684 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Serbien
14 134 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Textilien
Serbien
74 448 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %