Somalia - Daten & Fakten

Daten & Fakten
Flagge: Somalia Somalia
Hauptstadt
name: Mogadishu geographic coordinates: 2 04 N, 45 20 E time difference: UTC+3 (8 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
Staatsbürgerschaft
citizenship by birth: no citizenship by descent only: the father must be a citizen of Somalia dual citizenship recognized: no residency requirement for naturalization: 7 years
Government type
federal parliamentary republic
Legal system
mixed legal system of civil law, Islamic law, and customary law (referred to as Xeer)
Suffrage
18 years of age; universal
Country Comparison :: Labor force
4,154,000
2016 est.
Labor force
4,154,000
Population below poverty line
NA
Unemployment rate
NA
Age structure
0-14 years:42.87%(male 2,410,215 /female 2,416,629)15-24 years:19.35%(male 1,097,358 /female 1,081,762)25-54 years:31.23%(male 1,821,823 /female 1,694,873)55-64 years:4.35%(male 245,744 /female 243,893)65 years and over:2.19%(male 95,845 /female 150,887)(2018 est.)
Birth rate   (births/1,000 population)
39.3 births/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Death rate   (deaths/1,000 population)
12.80
Languages
Somali (official, according to the 2012 Transitional Federal Charter), Arabic (official, according to the 2012 Transitional Federal Charter), Italian, English
Life expectancy at birth   (years)
53.20
Major urban areas - population
2.082 million MOGADISHU (capital) (2018)
Median age   (years)
total:18.2 yearsmale:18.4 yearsfemale:18 years(2018 est.)
Net migration rate
-5.6 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Population distribution
distribution varies greatly throughout the country; least densely populated areas are in the northeast and central regions, as well as areas along the Kenyan border; most populated areas are in and around the cities of Mogadishu, Marka, Boorama, Hargeysa, and Baidoa
Population growth rate   (%)
2.08%(2018 est.)
Total fertility rate   (children born/woman)
5.7 children born/woman(2018 est.)
Urbanization
rate of urbanization: 4.23% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Education expenditures
NA
Country Comparison :: Exports
$819,000,000
2014 est.
Exports
$819,000,000
Exports - partners
Oman 31.7%, Saudi Arabia 18.7%, UAE 16.3%, Nigeria 5.1%, Yemen 4.8%, Pakistan 4% (2017)
Area   (sq km)
total:637,657 sq kmland:627,337 sq kmwater:10,320 sq km
Land use
agricultural land:70.3%(2011 est.)arable land:1.8%(2011 est.) / permanent crops:0%(2011 est.) / permanent pasture:68.5%(2011 est.)forest:10.6%(2011 est.)other:19.1%(2011 est.)
Location
Eastern Africa, bordering the Gulf of Aden and the Indian Ocean, east of Ethiopia
Country Comparison :: Imports
$94,430,000,000
2018 est.
Imports
$94,430,000,000
Imports - partners
China 17.6%, India 17.2%, Ethiopia 10.5%, Oman 10.3%, Kenya 6.9%, Turkey 5.3%, Malaysia 4.1% (2017)
Country Comparison :: Inflation rate (consumer prices)
1.50
2017 est.
Inflation rate (consumer prices)   (%)
1.50
Country Comparison :: Electricity - production
339,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - consumption
315,300,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - exports
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - imports
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - production
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - exports
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - imports
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - production
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - exports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - imports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - fixed lines
48,000
July 2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - mobile cellular
6,653,040
July 2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Internet users
203,366
July 2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Broadband - fixed subscriptions
92,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Airports
61
2013
Airports
61
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total:92,000(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:1(2017 est.)
Crude oil - exports   (bbl/day)
0
Crude oil - imports   (bbl/day)
0 bbl/day(2015 est.)
Crude oil - production   (bbl/day)
0 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Electricity - consumption   (kWh)
315,300,000
Electricity - exports   (kWh)
0
Electricity - imports   (kWh)
0
Electricity - production   (kWh)
339,000,000
Internet users
total: 203,366 (July 2016 est.)
Natural gas - exports   (cu m)
0
Natural gas - imports   (cu m)
0 cu m(2017 est.)
Natural gas - production   (cu m)
0 cu m(2017 est.)
Roadways

Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions:48,000(July 2016 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:less than 1(July 2016 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
6,653,040
Disputes - international
Ethiopian forces invaded southern Somalia and routed Islamist Courts from Mogadishu in January 2007; "Somaliland" secessionists provide port facilities in Berbera to landlocked Ethiopia and have established commercial ties with other regional states; "Puntland" and "Somaliland" "governments" seek international support in their secessionist aspirations and overlapping border claims; the undemarcated former British administrative line has little meaning as a political separation to rival clans within Ethiopia's Ogaden and southern Somalia's Oromo region; Kenya works hard to prevent the clan and militia fighting in Somalia from spreading south across the border, which has long been open to nomadic pastoralists
Country Comparison :: Public debt
76.70
2017 est.
Public debt   (% of GDP)
76.70
Country Comparison :: GDP - real growth rate
2.30
2017 est.
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)   (% (of GDP))
-0.1% (of GDP)(2014 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$20,440,000,000
Industrial production growth rate   (%)
3.50

Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Somalia
22 681 000 EUR
27 266 000 EUR
20.22 %
Bekleidung
Somalia
213 000 EUR
428 000 EUR
100.94 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Somalia
716 000 EUR
1 137 000 EUR
58.80 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Somalia
2 561 000 EUR
4 143 000 EUR
61.77 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Somalia
1 176 000 EUR
1 571 000 EUR
33.59 %
Energieversorgung
Somalia
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Somalia
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erze
Somalia
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Somalia
6 000 EUR
5 000 EUR
-16.67 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Somalia
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Somalia
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Getränke
Somalia
7 000 EUR
16 000 EUR
128.57 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Somalia
6 000 EUR
33 000 EUR
450.00 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Somalia
245 000 EUR
285 000 EUR
16.33 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Somalia
11 490 000 EUR
5 742 000 EUR
-50.03 %
Kohle
Somalia
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Somalia
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Somalia
2 778 000 EUR
602 000 EUR
-78.33 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Somalia
7 000 EUR
36 000 EUR
414.29 %
Maschinen
Somalia
1 218 000 EUR
10 800 000 EUR
786.70 %
Metalle
Somalia
56 000 EUR
122 000 EUR
117.86 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Somalia
298 000 EUR
993 000 EUR
233.22 %
Möbel
Somalia
88 000 EUR
157 000 EUR
78.41 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Somalia
547 000 EUR
142 000 EUR
-74.04 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Somalia
41 000 EUR
5 000 EUR
-87.80 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Somalia
281 000 EUR
472 000 EUR
67.97 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Somalia
11 000 EUR
0 EUR
-100.00 %
Sonstige Waren
Somalia
935 000 EUR
491 000 EUR
-47.49 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbauerzeugnisse
Somalia
0 EUR
30 000 EUR
0.00 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Somalia
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Textilien
Somalia
1 000 EUR
56 000 EUR
5 500.00 %