Südafrika - Daten & Fakten

Daten & Fakten
Flagge: Südafrika Südafrika
Hauptstadt
name: Pretoria (administrative capital); Cape Town (legislative capital); Bloemfontein (judicial capital) geographic coordinates: 25 42 S, 28 13 E time difference: UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
Staatsbürgerschaft
citizenship by birth: no citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of South Africa dual citizenship recognized: yes, but requires prior permission of the government residency requirement for naturalization: 1 year
Regierungstyp
parliamentary republic
Rechtsordnung
mixed legal system of Roman-Dutch civil law, English common law, and customary law
Wahlrecht
18 years of age; universal
Country Comparison :: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
53.4
est.
Country Comparison :: GDP - per capita (PPP)
$13,600
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Labor force
22,190,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Unemployment rate
27.50
2017 est.
Labor force
22,190,000
Population below poverty line
16.6%(2016 est.)
Unemployment rate   (%)
27.5%(2017 est.)26.7%(2016 est.)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24   (%)
total:53.4%male:49.2%female:58.8%(2018 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years:28.18%(male 7,815,651 /female 7,793,261)15-24 years:17.24%(male 4,711,480 /female 4,837,897)25-54 years:42.05%(male 11,782,848 /female 11,503,831)55-64 years:6.71%(male 1,725,034 /female 1,992,035)65 years and over:5.81%(male 1,351,991 /female 1,866,182)(2018 est.)
Birth rate   (births/1,000 population)
19.9 births/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Death rate   (deaths/1,000 population)
9.30
Languages
isiZulu (official) 24.7%, isiXhosa (official) 15.6%, Afrikaans (official) 12.1%, Sepedi (official) 9.8%, Setswana (official) 8.9%, English (official) 8.4%, Sesotho (official) 8%, Xitsonga (official) 4%, siSwati (official) 2.6%, Tshivenda (official) 2.5%, isiNdebele (official) 1.6%, other (includes Khoi, Nama, and San languages) 1.9% (2017 est.) note: data represent language spoken most often at home
Life expectancy at birth   (years)
64.10
Major urban areas - population
9.227 million Johannesburg (includes Ekurhuleni), 4.43 million Cape Town (legislative capital), 3.134 million Durban, 2.378 million PRETORIA (capital), 1.231 million Port Elizabeth, 765,000 Vereeniging (2018)
Median age   (years)
total:27.4 yearsmale:27.2 yearsfemale:27.6 years(2018 est.)
Net migration rate
-0.9 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Population distribution
the population concentrated along the southern and southeastern coast, and inland around Pretoria; the eastern half of the country is more densly populated than the west
Population growth rate   (%)
0.97%(2018 est.)
Total fertility rate   (children born/woman)
2.26 children born/woman(2018 est.)
Urbanization
rate of urbanization: 1.97% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Education expenditures   (% of GDP)
6.10
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
female: 14 years (2016)
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$156,800,000,000
31 December 2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$270,300,000,000
31 December 2017 est.
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$270.3 billion(31 December 2017 est.)$172.8 billion(31 December 2016 est.)
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$156,800,000,000
Country Comparison :: Central bank discount rate
5.75
31 December 2014
Central bank discount rate   (%)
5.75
Country Comparison :: Exports
$94,930,000,000
2017 est.
Exports
$94,930,000,000
Exports - partners
China 9.5%, US 7.7%, Germany 7.1%, Japan 4.7%, India 4.6%, Botswana 4.3%, Namibia 4.1% (2017)
Area   (sq km)
total:1,219,090 sq kmland:1,214,470 sq kmwater:4,620 sq km note: includes Prince Edward Islands (Marion Island and Prince Edward Island)
Land use
agricultural land:79.4%(2011 est.)arable land:9.9%(2011 est.) / permanent crops:0.3%(2011 est.) / permanent pasture:69.2%(2011 est.)forest:7.6%(2011 est.)other:13%(2011 est.)
Location
Southern Africa, at the southern tip of the continent of Africa
Country Comparison :: Imports
$89,360,000,000
2017 est.
Imports
$89,360,000,000
Imports - partners
China 18.3%, Germany 11.9%, US 6.6%, Saudi Arabia 4.7%, India 4.7% (2017)
Country Comparison :: Inflation rate (consumer prices)
5.30
2017 est.
Inflation rate (consumer prices)   (%)
5.30
Country Comparison :: Electricity - production
234,500,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - consumption
207,100,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - exports
16,550,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - imports
10,560,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - production
2,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - exports
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - imports
404,000
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - production
906,100,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - exports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - imports
4,162,000,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - fixed lines
3,629,141
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - mobile cellular
91,878,275
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Internet users
29,322,380
July 2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Broadband - fixed subscriptions
1,698,360
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Airports
566
2013
Country Comparison :: Railways
20,986
2014
Airports
566
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total:1,698,360(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:3(2017 est.)
Crude oil - exports   (bbl/day)
0
Crude oil - imports   (bbl/day)
404,000 bbl/day(2015 est.)
Crude oil - production   (bbl/day)
2,000 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Electricity - consumption   (kWh)
207,100,000,000
Electricity - exports   (kWh)
16,550,000,000
Electricity - imports   (kWh)
10,560,000,000
Electricity - production   (kWh)
234,500,000,000
Internet users
total: 29,322,380 (July 2016 est.)
Natural gas - exports   (cu m)
0
Natural gas - imports   (cu m)
4.162 billion cu m(2017 est.)
Natural gas - production   (cu m)
906.1 million cu m(2017 est.)
Railways   (km)
total:20,986 km(2014)standard gauge:80 km1.435-m gauge (80 km electrified)(2014)narrow gauge:19,756 km1.065-m gauge (8,271 km electrified)(2014)other:1,150 km (passenger rail, gauge unspecified, 1,115.5 km electrified)(2014)
Roadways

Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions:3,629,141(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:7(2017 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
91,878,275
Disputes - international
South Africa has placed military units to assist police operations along the border of Lesotho, Zimbabwe, and Mozambique to control smuggling, poaching, and illegal migration; the governments of South Africa and Namibia have not signed or ratified the text of the 1994 Surveyor's General agreement placing the boundary in the middle of the Orange River
Country Comparison :: Public debt
53.00
2017 est.
Public debt   (% of GDP)
53.00
Country Comparison :: GDP - real growth rate
1.30
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Gross national saving
16.10
2017 est.
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)   (% (of GDP))
-4.4% (of GDP)(2017 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$767,200,000,000
Industrial production growth rate   (%)
1.20

Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Südafrika
9 346 018 000 EUR
0 EUR

Bekleidung
Südafrika
16 015 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Südafrika
1 142 779 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Südafrika
746 204 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Südafrika
643 858 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Energieversorgung
Südafrika
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Südafrika
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erze
Südafrika
1 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Südafrika
130 396 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Südafrika
26 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Südafrika
528 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Getränke
Südafrika
24 990 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Südafrika
114 584 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Südafrika
349 039 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Südafrika
13 367 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kohle
Südafrika
5 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Südafrika
32 374 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Südafrika
2 903 292 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Südafrika
8 718 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Maschinen
Südafrika
1 445 082 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Metalle
Südafrika
255 875 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Südafrika
267 792 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Möbel
Südafrika
22 226 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Südafrika
159 364 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Südafrika
177 727 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Südafrika
275 191 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Südafrika
261 244 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Sonstige Waren
Südafrika
291 509 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbauerzeugnisse
Südafrika
2 647 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Südafrika
1 266 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Textilien
Südafrika
59 919 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %