Tschechische Republik - Daten & Fakten

Daten & Fakten
Flagge: Tschechische Republik Tschechische Republik
Hauptstadt
name: Prague geographic coordinates: 50 05 N, 14 28 E time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time) daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October etymology: the name likely derives from an old Slavic root "praga" or "prah", meaning "ford", and refers to the city's origin at a crossing point of the Vltava (Moldau) River
Staatsbürgerschaft
citizenship by birth: no citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Czechia dual citizenship recognized: no residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years
Government type
parliamentary republic
Legal system
new civil code enacted in 2014, replacing civil code of 1964 - based on former Austro-Hungarian civil codes and socialist theory - and reintroducing former Czech legal terminology
Suffrage
18 years of age; universal
Country Comparison :: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
7.9
est.
Country Comparison :: GDP - per capita (PPP)
$35,500
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Labor force
5,427,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Unemployment rate
2.90
2017 est.
Labor force
5,427,000
Population below poverty line
9.7%(2015 est.)
Unemployment rate   (%)
2.9%(2017 est.)3.9%(2016 est.)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24   (%)
total:7.9%male:7.4%female:8.7%(2017 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years:15.21%(male 834,800 /female 790,128)15-24 years:9.34%(male 514,728 /female 483,546)25-54 years:43.79%(male 2,404,724 /female 2,275,309)55-64 years:12.24%(male 638,130 /female 669,959)65 years and over:19.42%(male 865,455 /female 1,209,490)(2018 est.)
Birth rate   (births/1,000 population)
9.2 births/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Death rate   (deaths/1,000 population)
10.50
Languages
Czech (official) 95.4%, Slovak 1.6%, other 3% (2011 census)
Life expectancy at birth   (years)
78.90
Major urban areas - population
1.292 million PRAGUE (capital) (2018)
Median age   (years)
total:42.5 yearsmale:41.2 yearsfemale:43.8 years(2018 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
28.1 years (2014 est.)
Net migration rate
2.3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Population distribution
a fairly even distribution throughout most of the country, but the northern and eastern regions tend to have larger urban concentrations
Population growth rate   (%)
0.1%(2018 est.)
Total fertility rate   (children born/woman)
1.46 children born/woman(2018 est.)
Urbanization
rate of urbanization: 0.21% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Education expenditures   (% of GDP)
5.80
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
female: 18 years (2016)
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$185,600,000,000
31 December 2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$54,390,000,000
31 December 2017 est.
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$54.39 billion(31 December 2017 est.)$43.09 billion(31 December 2016 est.)
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$185,600,000,000
Country Comparison :: Central bank discount rate
0.05
31 December 2017
Central bank discount rate   (%)
0.05
Country Comparison :: Exports
$144,800,000,000
2017 est.
Exports
$144,800,000,000
Exports - partners
Germany 32.8%, Slovakia 7.8%, Poland 6.1%, France 5.1%, UK 4.9%, Austria 4.4%, Italy 4.1% (2017)
Area   (sq km)
total:78,867 sq kmland:77,247 sq kmwater:1,620 sq km
Land use
agricultural land:54.8%(2011 est.)arable land:41%(2011 est.) / permanent crops:1%(2011 est.) / permanent pasture:12.8%(2011 est.)forest:34.4%(2011 est.)other:10.8%(2011 est.)
Location
Central Europe, between Germany, Poland, Slovakia, and Austria
Country Comparison :: Imports
$134,700,000,000
2017 est.
Imports
$134,700,000,000
Imports - partners
Germany 29.8%, Poland 9.1%, China 7.4%, Slovakia 5.8%, Netherlands 5.3%, Italy 4% (2017)
Country Comparison :: Inflation rate (consumer prices)
2.40
2017 est.
Inflation rate (consumer prices)   (%)
2.40
Country Comparison :: Electricity - production
77,390,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - consumption
62,340,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - exports
24,790,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - imports
13,820,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - production
2,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - exports
446
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - imports
155,900
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - production
229,400,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - exports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - imports
8,891,000,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - fixed lines
1,616,631
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - mobile cellular
12,634,937
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Internet users
8,141,303
July 2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Broadband - fixed subscriptions
3,060,597
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Airports
128
2013
Country Comparison :: Railways
9,622
2014
Country Comparison :: Roadways
130,661
2011
Country Comparison :: Waterways
664
2010
Airports
128
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total:3,060,597(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:29(2017 est.)
Crude oil - exports   (bbl/day)
446
Crude oil - imports   (bbl/day)
155,900 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Crude oil - production   (bbl/day)
2,000 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Electricity - consumption   (kWh)
62,340,000,000
Electricity - exports   (kWh)
24,790,000,000
Electricity - imports   (kWh)
13,820,000,000
Electricity - production   (kWh)
77,390,000,000
Internet users
total: 8,141,303 (July 2016 est.)
Natural gas - exports   (cu m)
0
Natural gas - imports   (cu m)
8.891 billion cu m(2017 est.)
Natural gas - production   (cu m)
229.4 million cu m(2017 est.)
Railways   (km)
total:9,408 km(2017)standard gauge:9,385 km1.435-m gauge (3,218 km electrified)(2017)narrow gauge:10,223 km0.760-m gauge(2017)
Roadways   (km)
55,744
Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions:1,616,631(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:15(2017 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
12,634,937
Waterways   (km)
664
Disputes - international
none
Country Comparison :: Public debt
34.70
2017 est.
Public debt   (% of GDP)
34.70
Country Comparison :: GDP - real growth rate
4.30
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Gross national saving
26.90
2017 est.
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)   (% (of GDP))
1.6% (of GDP)(2017 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$375,900,000,000
Industrial production growth rate   (%)
7.50

Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Tschechische Republik
44 262 508 000 EUR
44 513 361 000 EUR
0.57 %
Bekleidung
Tschechische Republik
557 852 000 EUR
581 926 000 EUR
4.32 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Tschechische Republik
3 669 692 000 EUR
3 688 982 000 EUR
0.53 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Tschechische Republik
5 686 001 000 EUR
5 601 274 000 EUR
-1.49 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Tschechische Republik
4 046 557 000 EUR
4 068 092 000 EUR
0.53 %
Energieversorgung
Tschechische Republik
281 363 000 EUR
324 212 000 EUR
15.23 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Tschechische Republik
360 120 000 EUR
272 933 000 EUR
-24.21 %
Erze
Tschechische Republik
6 302 000 EUR
4 360 000 EUR
-30.82 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Tschechische Republik
271 469 000 EUR
260 597 000 EUR
-4.00 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Tschechische Republik
3 260 000 EUR
2 781 000 EUR
-14.69 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Tschechische Republik
12 168 000 EUR
11 421 000 EUR
-6.14 %
Getränke
Tschechische Republik
122 073 000 EUR
129 540 000 EUR
6.12 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Tschechische Republik
546 348 000 EUR
545 114 000 EUR
-0.23 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Tschechische Republik
2 357 225 000 EUR
2 270 458 000 EUR
-3.68 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Tschechische Republik
197 379 000 EUR
186 663 000 EUR
-5.43 %
Kohle
Tschechische Republik
4 469 000 EUR
3 542 000 EUR
-20.74 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Tschechische Republik
1 126 836 000 EUR
1 041 279 000 EUR
-7.59 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Tschechische Republik
5 899 396 000 EUR
6 005 700 000 EUR
1.80 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Tschechische Republik
304 328 000 EUR
303 163 000 EUR
-0.38 %
Maschinen
Tschechische Republik
6 226 180 000 EUR
6 258 333 000 EUR
0.52 %
Metalle
Tschechische Republik
2 626 349 000 EUR
2 421 659 000 EUR
-7.79 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Tschechische Republik
2 375 827 000 EUR
2 311 553 000 EUR
-2.71 %
Möbel
Tschechische Republik
445 366 000 EUR
423 549 000 EUR
-4.90 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Tschechische Republik
1 493 081 000 EUR
1 577 149 000 EUR
5.63 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Tschechische Republik
799 228 000 EUR
741 451 000 EUR
-7.23 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Tschechische Republik
943 799 000 EUR
1 072 296 000 EUR
13.61 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Tschechische Republik
396 646 000 EUR
375 753 000 EUR
-5.27 %
Sonstige Waren
Tschechische Republik
2 746 549 000 EUR
3 246 409 000 EUR
18.20 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbauerzeugnisse
Tschechische Republik
55 612 000 EUR
57 782 000 EUR
3.90 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Tschechische Republik
71 712 000 EUR
100 481 000 EUR
40.12 %
Textilien
Tschechische Republik
629 321 000 EUR
624 909 000 EUR
-0.70 %