Türkei - Daten & Fakten

Daten & Fakten
Flagge: Türkei Türkei
Hauptstadt
name: Ankara geographic coordinates: 39 56 N, 32 52 E time difference: UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
Staatsbürgerschaft
citizenship by birth: no citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Turkey dual citizenship recognized: yes, but requires prior permission from the government residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years
Regierungstyp
presidential republic
Rechtsordnung
civil law system based on various European legal systems, notably the Swiss civil code
Wahlrecht
18 years of age; universal
Country Comparison :: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
20.5
est.
Country Comparison :: GDP - per capita (PPP)
$27,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Labor force
31,300,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Unemployment rate
10.90
2017 est.
Labor force
31,300,000
Population below poverty line
21.9%(2015 est.)
Unemployment rate   (%)
10.9%(2017 est.)10.9%(2016 est.)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24   (%)
total:20.5%male:17.7%female:25.6%(2017 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years:24.26%(male 10,085,558 /female 9,627,967)15-24 years:15.88%(male 6,589,039 /female 6,311,113)25-54 years:43.26%(male 17,798,864 /female 17,349,228)55-64 years:8.82%(male 3,557,329 /female 3,606,120)65 years and over:7.79%(male 2,825,738 /female 3,506,283)(2018 est.)
Birth rate   (births/1,000 population)
15.4 births/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Death rate   (deaths/1,000 population)
6.00
Languages
Turkish (official), Kurdish, other minority languages
Life expectancy at birth   (years)
75.30
Major urban areas - population
14.751 million Istanbul, 4.919 million ANKARA (capital), 2.937 million Izmir, 1.916 million Bursa, 1.73 million Adana, 1.632 million Gaziantep (2018)
Median age   (years)
total:31.4 yearsmale:30.9 yearsfemale:31.9 years(2018 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
22.3 years (2010 est.)
Net migration rate
-4.5 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Population distribution
the most densely populated area is found around the Bosporus in the northwest where 20% of the population lives in Istanbul; with the exception of Ankara, urban centers remain small and scattered throughout the interior of Anatolia; an overall pattern of peripheral development exists, particularly along the Aegean Sea coast in the west, and the Tigris and Euphrates River systems in the southeast
Population growth rate   (%)
0.49%(2018 est.)
Total fertility rate   (children born/woman)
2 children born/woman(2018 est.)
Urbanization
rate of urbanization: 2.04% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Education expenditures   (% of GDP)
4.30
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
female: 17 years (2016)
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$180,300,000,000
31 December 2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$47,440,000,000
31 December 2017 est.
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$47.44 billion(31 December 2017 est.)$38.31 billion(31 December 2016 est.)
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$180,300,000,000
Country Comparison :: Central bank discount rate
5.25
31 December 2011
Central bank discount rate   (%)
5.25
Country Comparison :: Exports
$166,200,000,000
2017 est.
Exports
$166,200,000,000
Exports - partners
Germany 9.6%, UK 6.1%, UAE 5.9%, Iraq 5.8%, US 5.5%, Italy 5.4%, France 4.2%, Spain 4% (2017)
Area   (sq km)
total:783,562 sq kmland:769,632 sq kmwater:13,930 sq km
Land use
agricultural land:49.7%(2011 est.)arable land:26.7%(2011 est.) / permanent crops:4%(2011 est.) / permanent pasture:19%(2011 est.)forest:14.9%(2011 est.)other:35.4%(2011 est.)
Location
Southeastern Europe and Southwestern Asia (that portion of Turkey west of the Bosporus is geographically part of Europe), bordering the Black Sea, between Bulgaria and Georgia, and bordering the Aegean Sea and the Mediterranean Sea, between Greece and Syria
Country Comparison :: Imports
$225,100,000,000
2017 est.
Imports
$225,100,000,000
Imports - partners
China 10%, Germany 9.1%, Russia 8.4%, US 5.1%, Italy 4.8% (2017)
Country Comparison :: Inflation rate (consumer prices)
11.10
2017 est.
Inflation rate (consumer prices)   (%)
11.10
Country Comparison :: Electricity - production
261,900,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - consumption
231,100,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - exports
1,442,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - imports
6,330,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - production
245,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - exports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - imports
521,500
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - production
368,100,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - exports
622,900,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - imports
55,130,000,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - fixed lines
11,308,444
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - mobile cellular
77,800,170
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Internet users
46,838,412
July 2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Broadband - fixed subscriptions
11,924,905
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Airports
98
2013
Country Comparison :: Railways
12,008
2014
Country Comparison :: Roadways
385,754
2012
Country Comparison :: Waterways
1,200
2010
Airports
98
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total:11,924,905(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:15(2017 est.)
Crude oil - exports   (bbl/day)
0
Crude oil - imports   (bbl/day)
521,500 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Crude oil - production   (bbl/day)
245,000 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Electricity - consumption   (kWh)
231,100,000,000
Electricity - exports   (kWh)
1,442,000,000
Electricity - imports   (kWh)
6,330,000,000
Electricity - production   (kWh)
261,900,000,000
Internet users
total: 46,838,412 (July 2016 est.)
Natural gas - exports   (cu m)
622,900,000
Natural gas - imports   (cu m)
55.13 billion cu m(2017 est.)
Natural gas - production   (cu m)
368.1 million cu m(2017 est.)
Railways   (km)
total:12,710 km(2018)standard gauge:11,497 km1.435-m gauge (1.435 km high speed train)(2018)
Roadways   (km)
67,933
Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions:11,308,444(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:14(2017 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
77,800,170
Waterways   (km)
1,200
Disputes - international
complex maritime, air, and territorial disputes with Greece in the Aegean Sea; status of north Cyprus question remains; Turkey has expressed concern over the status of Kurds in Iraq; in 2009, Swiss mediators facilitated an accord reestablishing diplomatic ties between Armenia and Turkey, but neither side has ratified the agreement and the rapprochement effort has faltered; Turkish authorities have complained that blasting from quarries in Armenia might be damaging the medieval ruins of Ani, on the other side of the Arpacay valley
Country Comparison :: Public debt
28.30
2017 est.
Public debt   (% of GDP)
28.30
Country Comparison :: GDP - real growth rate
7.40
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Gross national saving
25.50
2017 est.
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)   (% (of GDP))
-1.5% (of GDP)(2017 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$2,186,000,000,000
Industrial production growth rate   (%)
9.10

Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Türkei
19 564 677 000 EUR
0 EUR

Bekleidung
Türkei
37 848 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Türkei
2 545 657 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Türkei
1 192 037 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Türkei
1 322 148 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Energieversorgung
Türkei
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Türkei
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erze
Türkei
225 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Türkei
21 496 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Türkei
25 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Türkei
890 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Getränke
Türkei
62 233 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Türkei
184 223 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Türkei
716 714 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Türkei
16 065 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kohle
Türkei
12 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Türkei
55 687 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Türkei
2 702 182 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Türkei
38 125 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Maschinen
Türkei
3 731 831 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Metalle
Türkei
1 611 360 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Türkei
644 870 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Möbel
Türkei
44 511 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Türkei
202 744 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Türkei
364 958 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Türkei
872 548 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Türkei
1 762 197 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Sonstige Waren
Türkei
1 046 464 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbauerzeugnisse
Türkei
12 488 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Türkei
93 506 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Textilien
Türkei
281 633 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %