Turkmenistan - Daten & Fakten

Daten & Fakten
Flagge: Turkmenistan Turkmenistan
Hauptstadt
name: Ashgabat (Ashkhabad) geographic coordinates: 37 57 N, 58 23 E time difference: UTC+5 (10 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
Staatsbürgerschaft
citizenship by birth: no citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Turkmenistan dual citizenship recognized: yes residency requirement for naturalization: 7 years
Government type
presidential republic; authoritarian
Legal system
civil law system with Islamic law influences
Suffrage
18 years of age; universal
Country Comparison :: GDP - per capita (PPP)
$18,200
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Labor force
2,305,000
2013 est.
Country Comparison :: Unemployment rate
11.00
2014 est.
Labor force
2,305,000
Population below poverty line
0.2%(2012 est.)
Unemployment rate   (%)
11%(2014 est.)10.6%(2013)
Age structure
0-14 years:25.66%(male 704,067 /female 684,581)15-24 years:17.71%(male 482,094 /female 476,080)25-54 years:43.52%(male 1,169,965 /female 1,185,159)55-64 years:8.17%(male 208,328 /female 233,902)65 years and over:4.93%(male 116,218 /female 150,618)(2018 est.)
Birth rate   (births/1,000 population)
18.9 births/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Death rate   (deaths/1,000 population)
6.10
Languages
Turkmen (official) 72%, Russian 12%, Uzbek 9%, other 7%
Life expectancy at birth   (years)
70.70
Major urban areas - population
810,000 ASHGABAT (capital) (2018)
Median age   (years)
total:28.3 yearsmale:27.8 yearsfemale:28.8 years(2018 est.)
Net migration rate
-1.8 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Population distribution
the most densely populated areas are the southern, eastern, and northeastern oases; approximately 50% of the population lives in and around the capital of Ashgabat
Population growth rate   (%)
1.1%(2018 est.)
Total fertility rate   (children born/woman)
2.06 children born/woman(2018 est.)
Urbanization
rate of urbanization: 2.46% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Education expenditures   (% of GDP)
3.00
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
female: 11 years (2014)
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$3,061,000,000
2013 est.
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$3,061,000,000
Country Comparison :: Central bank discount rate
5.00
31 December 2014
Central bank discount rate   (%)
5.00
Country Comparison :: Exports
$7,458,000,000
2017 est.
Exports
$7,458,000,000
Exports - partners
China 83.7%, Turkey 5.1% (2017)
Area   (sq km)
total:488,100 sq kmland:469,930 sq kmwater:18,170 sq km
Land use
agricultural land:72%(2011 est.)arable land:4.1%(2011 est.) / permanent crops:0.1%(2011 est.) / permanent pasture:67.8%(2011 est.)forest:8.8%(2011 est.)other:19.2%(2011 est.)
Location
Central Asia, bordering the Caspian Sea, between Iran and Kazakhstan
Country Comparison :: Imports
$4,571,000,000
2017 est.
Imports
$4,571,000,000
Imports - partners
Turkey 24.2%, Algeria 14.4%, Germany 9.8%, China 8.9%, Russia 8%, US 6.6% (2017)
Country Comparison :: Inflation rate (consumer prices)
8.00
2017 est.
Inflation rate (consumer prices)   (%)
8.00
Country Comparison :: Electricity - production
21,180,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - consumption
15,090,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - exports
3,201,000,000
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - imports
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - production
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - exports
67,790
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - imports
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - production
77,450,000,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - exports
38,140,000,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - imports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - fixed lines
665,000
July 2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - mobile cellular
8,575,000
July 2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Internet users
951,925
July 2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Broadband - fixed subscriptions
4,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Airports
26
2013
Country Comparison :: Railways
5,113
2017
Country Comparison :: Roadways
58,592
2002
Country Comparison :: Waterways
1,300
2011
Airports
26
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total:4,000(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:less than 1(2017 est.)
Crude oil - exports   (bbl/day)
67,790
Crude oil - imports   (bbl/day)
0 bbl/day(2015 est.)
Crude oil - production   (bbl/day)
0 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Electricity - consumption   (kWh)
15,090,000,000
Electricity - exports   (kWh)
3,201,000,000
Electricity - imports   (kWh)
0
Electricity - production   (kWh)
21,180,000,000
Internet users
total: 951,925 (July 2016 est.)
Natural gas - exports   (cu m)
38,140,000,000
Natural gas - imports   (cu m)
0 cu m(2017 est.)
Natural gas - production   (cu m)
77.45 billion cu m(2017 est.)
Railways   (km)
total:5,113 km(2017)broad gauge:5,113 km1.520-m gauge(2017)
Roadways   (km)
58,592
Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions:665,000(July 2016 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:13(July 2016 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
8,575,000
Waterways   (km)
1,300
Disputes - international
cotton monoculture in Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan creates water-sharing difficulties for Amu Darya river states; field demarcation of the boundaries with Kazakhstan commenced in 2005; bilateral talks continue with Azerbaijan on dividing the seabed and contested oilfields in the middle of the Caspian
Country Comparison :: Public debt
28.80
2017 est.
Public debt   (% of GDP)
28.80
Country Comparison :: GDP - real growth rate
6.50
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Gross national saving
23.90
2017 est.
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)   (% (of GDP))
-2.8% (of GDP)(2017 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$103,700,000,000
Industrial production growth rate   (%)
1.00

Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Turkmenistan
143 947 000 EUR
159 957 000 EUR
11.12 %
Bekleidung
Turkmenistan
600 000 EUR
393 000 EUR
-34.50 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Turkmenistan
7 931 000 EUR
11 077 000 EUR
39.67 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Turkmenistan
10 892 000 EUR
5 643 000 EUR
-48.19 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Turkmenistan
5 109 000 EUR
5 489 000 EUR
7.44 %
Energieversorgung
Turkmenistan
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Turkmenistan
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erze
Turkmenistan
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Turkmenistan
3 366 000 EUR
1 196 000 EUR
-64.47 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Turkmenistan
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Turkmenistan
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Getränke
Turkmenistan
22 000 EUR
40 000 EUR
81.82 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Turkmenistan
4 892 000 EUR
414 000 EUR
-91.54 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Turkmenistan
2 673 000 EUR
3 048 000 EUR
14.03 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Turkmenistan
277 000 EUR
129 000 EUR
-53.43 %
Kohle
Turkmenistan
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Turkmenistan
6 079 000 EUR
9 187 000 EUR
51.13 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Turkmenistan
12 613 000 EUR
5 878 000 EUR
-53.40 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Turkmenistan
99 000 EUR
33 000 EUR
-66.67 %
Maschinen
Turkmenistan
65 452 000 EUR
78 461 000 EUR
19.88 %
Metalle
Turkmenistan
377 000 EUR
1 600 000 EUR
324.40 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Turkmenistan
3 024 000 EUR
3 537 000 EUR
16.96 %
Möbel
Turkmenistan
904 000 EUR
899 000 EUR
-0.55 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Turkmenistan
2 922 000 EUR
3 973 000 EUR
35.97 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Turkmenistan
174 000 EUR
535 000 EUR
207.47 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Turkmenistan
4 708 000 EUR
5 549 000 EUR
17.86 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Turkmenistan
721 000 EUR
108 000 EUR
-85.02 %
Sonstige Waren
Turkmenistan
8 701 000 EUR
18 290 000 EUR
110.21 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbauerzeugnisse
Turkmenistan
92 000 EUR
97 000 EUR
5.43 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Turkmenistan
2 027 000 EUR
4 051 000 EUR
99.85 %
Textilien
Turkmenistan
292 000 EUR
330 000 EUR
13.01 %