Ungarn - Daten & Fakten

Daten & Fakten
Flagge: Ungarn Ungarn
Hauptstadt
name: Budapest geographic coordinates: 47 30 N, 19 05 E time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time) daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October etymology: the Hungarian capital city was formed in 1873 from the merger of three cities on opposite banks of the Danube: Buda and Obuda (Old Buda) on the western shore and Pest on the eastern; the origins of the original names are obscure, but according to the second century A.D. geographer, Ptolemy, the settlement that would become Pest was called "Pession" in ancient times; "Buda" may derive from either a Slavic or Turkic personal name
Staatsbürgerschaft
citizenship by birth: no citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Hungary dual citizenship recognized: yes residency requirement for naturalization: 8 years
Regierungstyp
parliamentary republic
Rechtsordnung
civil legal system influenced by the German model
Wahlrecht
18 years of age, 16 if married and marriage is registered in Hungary; universal
Country Comparison :: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
10.7
est.
Country Comparison :: GDP - per capita (PPP)
$29,600
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Labor force
4,599,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Unemployment rate
4.20
2017 est.
Labor force
4,599,000
Population below poverty line
14.9%(2015 est.)
Unemployment rate   (%)
4.2%(2017 est.)5.1%(2016 est.)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24   (%)
total:10.7%male:9.7%female:12.1%(2017 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years:14.66%(male 741,624 /female 698,905)15-24 years:10.76%(male 546,437 /female 511,214)25-54 years:42.01%(male 2,077,449 /female 2,050,330)55-64 years:13.07%(male 593,250 /female 690,784)65 years and over:19.5%(male 725,728 /female 1,189,983)(2018 est.)
Birth rate   (births/1,000 population)
8.9 births/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Death rate   (deaths/1,000 population)
12.80
Languages
Hungarian (official) 99.6%, English 16%, German 11.2%, Russian 1.6%, Romanian 1.3%, French 1.2%, other 4.2% (2011 est.) note: shares sum to more than 100% because some respondents gave more than one answer on the census; Hungarian is the mother tongue of 98.9% of Hungarian speakers
Life expectancy at birth   (years)
76.30
Major urban areas - population
1.759 million BUDAPEST (capital) (2018)
Median age   (years)
total:42.7 yearsmale:40.8 yearsfemale:44.7 years(2018 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
28.3 years (2014 est.)
Net migration rate
1.3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Population distribution
a fairly even distribution throughout most of the country, with urban areas attracting larger and denser populations
Population growth rate   (%)
-0.26%(2018 est.)
Total fertility rate   (children born/woman)
1.45 children born/woman(2018 est.)
Urbanization
rate of urbanization: 0.07% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Education expenditures   (% of GDP)
4.60
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
female: 15 years (2016)
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$290,000,000,000
31 December 2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$212,000,000,000
31 December 2017 est.
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$212 billion(31 December 2017 est.)$222.6 billion(31 December 2016 est.)
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$290,000,000,000
Country Comparison :: Central bank discount rate
0.90
31 December 2017
Central bank discount rate   (%)
0.90
Country Comparison :: Exports
$98,740,000,000
2017 est.
Exports
$98,740,000,000
Exports - partners
Germany 27.7%, Romania 5.4%, Italy 5.1%, Austria 5%, Slovakia 4.8%, France 4.4%, Czech Republic 4.4%, Poland 4.3% (2017)
Area   (sq km)
total:93,028 sq kmland:89,608 sq kmwater:3,420 sq km
Land use
agricultural land:58.9%(2011 est.)arable land:48.5%(2011 est.) / permanent crops:2%(2011 est.) / permanent pasture:8.4%(2011 est.)forest:22.5%(2011 est.)other:18.6%(2011 est.)
Location
Central Europe, northwest of Romania
Country Comparison :: Imports
$96,300,000,000
2017 est.
Imports
$96,300,000,000
Imports - partners
Germany 26.2%, Austria 6.3%, China 5.9%, Poland 5.5%, Slovakia 5.3%, Netherlands 5%, Czech Republic 4.8%, Italy 4.7%, France 4% (2017)
Country Comparison :: Inflation rate (consumer prices)
2.40
2017 est.
Inflation rate (consumer prices)   (%)
2.40
Country Comparison :: Electricity - production
30,220,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - consumption
39,370,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - exports
5,240,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - imports
17,950,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - production
14,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - exports
2,713
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - imports
121,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - production
1,812,000,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - exports
3,520,000,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - imports
13,370,000,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - fixed lines
3,131,598
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - mobile cellular
12,030,940
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Internet users
7,826,695
July 2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Broadband - fixed subscriptions
2,956,585
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Airports
41
2013
Country Comparison :: Railways
8,049
2014
Country Comparison :: Roadways
203,601
2014
Country Comparison :: Waterways
1,622
2011
Airports
41
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total:2,956,585(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:30(2017 est.)
Crude oil - exports   (bbl/day)
2,713
Crude oil - imports   (bbl/day)
121,000 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Crude oil - production   (bbl/day)
14,000 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Electricity - consumption   (kWh)
39,370,000,000
Electricity - exports   (kWh)
5,240,000,000
Electricity - imports   (kWh)
17,950,000,000
Electricity - production   (kWh)
30,220,000,000
Internet users
total: 7,826,695 (July 2016 est.)
Natural gas - exports   (cu m)
3,520,000,000
Natural gas - imports   (cu m)
13.37 billion cu m(2017 est.)
Natural gas - production   (cu m)
1.812 billion cu m(2017 est.)
Railways   (km)
total:8,049 km(2014)standard gauge:7,794 km1.435-m gauge (2,889 km electrified)(2014)narrow gauge:219 km0.760-m gauge(2014)broad gauge:36 km1.524-m gauge(2014)
Roadways   (km)
203,601
Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions:3,131,598(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:32(2017 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
12,030,940
Waterways   (km)
1,622
Disputes - international
bilateral government, legal, technical and economic working group negotiations continue in 2006 with Slovakia over Hungary's failure to complete its portion of the Gabcikovo-Nagymaros hydroelectric dam project along the Danube; as a member state that forms part of the EU's external border, Hungary has implemented the strict Schengen border rules
Country Comparison :: Public debt
73.60
2017 est.
Public debt   (% of GDP)
73.60
Country Comparison :: GDP - real growth rate
4.00
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Gross national saving
25.70
2017 est.
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)   (% (of GDP))
-2% (of GDP)(2017 est.) note: Hungary has been under the EU Excessive Deficit Procedure since it joined the EU in 2004; in March 2012, the EU elevated its Excessive Deficit Procedure against Hungary and proposed freezing 30% of the country's Cohesion Funds because 2011 deficit reductions were not achieved in a sustainable manner; in June 2012, the EU lifted the freeze, recognizing that steps had been taken to reduce the deficit; the Hungarian deficit increased above 3% both in 2013 and in 2014 due to sluggish growth and the government's fiscal tightening
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$289,600,000,000
Industrial production growth rate   (%)
7.40

Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Ungarn
27 034 937 000 EUR
0 EUR

Bekleidung
Ungarn
198 363 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Ungarn
1 564 644 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Ungarn
3 660 309 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Ungarn
3 102 712 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Energieversorgung
Ungarn
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Ungarn
94 853 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erze
Ungarn
1 704 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Ungarn
119 501 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Ungarn
2 053 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Ungarn
337 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Getränke
Ungarn
51 311 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Ungarn
270 923 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Ungarn
1 329 461 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Ungarn
91 801 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kohle
Ungarn
1 971 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Ungarn
75 820 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Ungarn
4 470 540 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Ungarn
162 298 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Maschinen
Ungarn
4 421 579 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Metalle
Ungarn
1 023 992 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Ungarn
1 264 242 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Möbel
Ungarn
183 960 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Ungarn
922 686 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Ungarn
250 837 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Ungarn
948 526 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Ungarn
1 092 476 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Sonstige Waren
Ungarn
1 437 044 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbauerzeugnisse
Ungarn
14 496 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Ungarn
29 245 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Textilien
Ungarn
247 253 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %