Uruguay - Daten & Fakten

Daten & Fakten
Flagge: Uruguay Uruguay
Hauptstadt
name: Montevideo geographic coordinates: 34 51 S, 56 10 W time difference: UTC-3 (2 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
Staatsbürgerschaft
citizenship by birth: yes citizenship by descent only: yes dual citizenship recognized: yes residency requirement for naturalization: 3-5 years
Government type
presidential republic
Legal system
civil law system based on the Spanish civil code
Suffrage
18 years of age; universal and compulsory
Country Comparison :: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
24.8
est.
Country Comparison :: GDP - per capita (PPP)
$22,400
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Labor force
1,748,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Unemployment rate
7.60
2017 est.
Labor force
1,748,000
Population below poverty line
9.7%(2015 est.)
Unemployment rate   (%)
7.6%(2017 est.)7.9%(2016 est.)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24   (%)
total:24.8%male:20.7%female:30.4%(2017 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years:19.91%(male 341,402 /female 329,474)15-24 years:15.56%(male 265,486 /female 258,611)25-54 years:39.48%(male 658,871 /female 671,172)55-64 years:10.68%(male 169,385 /female 190,392)65 years and over:14.38%(male 194,269 /female 290,237)(2018 est.)
Birth rate   (births/1,000 population)
13 births/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Death rate   (deaths/1,000 population)
9.40
Languages
Spanish (official)
Life expectancy at birth   (years)
77.60
Major urban areas - population
1.737 million MONTEVIDEO (capital) (2018)
Median age   (years)
total:35.1 yearsmale:33.3 yearsfemale:36.9 years(2018 est.)
Net migration rate
-0.9 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Population distribution
most of the country's population resides in the southern half of the country; approximately 80% of the populace is urban, living in towns or cities; nearly half of the population lives in and around the capital of Montevideo
Population growth rate   (%)
0.27%(2018 est.)
Total fertility rate   (children born/woman)
1.79 children born/woman(2018 est.)
Urbanization
rate of urbanization: 0.46% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Education expenditures   (% of GDP)
4.40
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 16 years
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$44,840,000,000
31 December 2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$19,970,000,000
31 December 2017 est.
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$19.97 billion(31 December 2017 est.)$136.1 million(31 December 2016 est.)
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$44,840,000,000
Country Comparison :: Central bank discount rate
9.00
31 December 2012
Central bank discount rate   (%)
9.00
Country Comparison :: Exports
$11,410,000,000
2017 est.
Exports
$11,410,000,000
Exports - partners
China 19%, Brazil 16.1%, US 5.7%, Argentina 5.4% (2017)
Area   (sq km)
total:176,215 sq kmland:175,015 sq kmwater:1,200 sq km
Land use
agricultural land:87.2%(2011 est.)arable land:10.1%(2011 est.) / permanent crops:0.2%(2011 est.) / permanent pasture:76.9%(2011 est.)forest:10.2%(2011 est.)other:2.6%(2011 est.)
Location
Southern South America, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Argentina and Brazil
Country Comparison :: Imports
$8,607,000,000
2017 est.
Imports
$8,607,000,000
Imports - partners
China 20%, Brazil 19.5%, Argentina 12.6%, US 10.9% (2017)
Country Comparison :: Inflation rate (consumer prices)
6.20
2017 est.
Inflation rate (consumer prices)   (%)
6.20
Country Comparison :: Electricity - production
13,130,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - consumption
10,770,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - exports
1,321,000,000
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - imports
24,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - production
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - exports
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - imports
40,200
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - production
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - exports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - imports
70,790,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - fixed lines
1,136,977
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - mobile cellular
5,097,569
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Internet users
2,225,075
July 2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Broadband - fixed subscriptions
949,974
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Airports
133
2013
Country Comparison :: Railways
1,673
2016
Country Comparison :: Roadways
77,732
2010
Country Comparison :: Waterways
1,600
2011
Airports
133
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total:949,974(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:28(2017 est.)
Crude oil - exports   (bbl/day)
0
Crude oil - imports   (bbl/day)
40,200 bbl/day(2015 est.)
Crude oil - production   (bbl/day)
0 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Electricity - consumption   (kWh)
10,770,000,000
Electricity - exports   (kWh)
1,321,000,000
Electricity - imports   (kWh)
24,000,000
Electricity - production   (kWh)
13,130,000,000
Internet users
total: 2,225,075 (July 2016 est.)
Natural gas - exports   (cu m)
0
Natural gas - imports   (cu m)
70.79 million cu m(2017 est.)
Natural gas - production   (cu m)
0 cu m(2017 est.)
Railways   (km)
total:1,673 km(operational; government claims overall length is 2,961 km)(2016)standard gauge:1,673 km1.435-m gauge(2016)
Roadways   (km)
77,732
Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions:1,136,977(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:34(2017 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
5,097,569
Waterways   (km)
1,600
Disputes - international
in 2010, the ICJ ruled in favor of Uruguay's operation of two paper mills on the Uruguay River, which forms the border with Argentina; the two countries formed a joint pollution monitoring regime; uncontested boundary dispute between Brazil and Uruguay over Braziliera/Brasiliera Island in the Quarai/Cuareim River leaves the tripoint with Argentina in question; smuggling of firearms and narcotics continues to be an issue along the Uruguay-Brazil border
Country Comparison :: Public debt
65.70
2017 est.
Public debt   (% of GDP)
65.70
Country Comparison :: GDP - real growth rate
2.70
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Gross national saving
17.20
2017 est.
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)   (% (of GDP))
-3.5% (of GDP)(2017 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$78,160,000,000
Industrial production growth rate   (%)
-3.60

Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Uruguay
227 450 000 EUR
238 804 000 EUR
4.99 %
Bekleidung
Uruguay
526 000 EUR
717 000 EUR
36.31 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Uruguay
35 819 000 EUR
42 940 000 EUR
19.88 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Uruguay
13 151 000 EUR
12 588 000 EUR
-4.28 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Uruguay
9 384 000 EUR
8 072 000 EUR
-13.98 %
Energieversorgung
Uruguay
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Uruguay
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erze
Uruguay
11 000 EUR
22 000 EUR
100.00 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Uruguay
414 000 EUR
407 000 EUR
-1.69 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Uruguay
9 000 EUR
5 000 EUR
-44.44 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Uruguay
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Getränke
Uruguay
2 232 000 EUR
2 074 000 EUR
-7.08 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Uruguay
2 771 000 EUR
2 936 000 EUR
5.95 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Uruguay
7 137 000 EUR
6 821 000 EUR
-4.43 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Uruguay
1 174 000 EUR
984 000 EUR
-16.18 %
Kohle
Uruguay
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Uruguay
1 123 000 EUR
1 073 000 EUR
-4.45 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Uruguay
19 826 000 EUR
14 469 000 EUR
-27.02 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Uruguay
1 372 000 EUR
1 546 000 EUR
12.68 %
Maschinen
Uruguay
46 199 000 EUR
42 427 000 EUR
-8.16 %
Metalle
Uruguay
1 920 000 EUR
1 748 000 EUR
-8.96 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Uruguay
6 152 000 EUR
5 841 000 EUR
-5.06 %
Möbel
Uruguay
841 000 EUR
900 000 EUR
7.02 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Uruguay
8 863 000 EUR
9 675 000 EUR
9.16 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Uruguay
3 206 000 EUR
2 666 000 EUR
-16.84 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Uruguay
49 843 000 EUR
65 632 000 EUR
31.68 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Uruguay
1 624 000 EUR
1 845 000 EUR
13.61 %
Sonstige Waren
Uruguay
9 772 000 EUR
10 500 000 EUR
7.45 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbauerzeugnisse
Uruguay
204 000 EUR
167 000 EUR
-18.14 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Uruguay
251 000 EUR
338 000 EUR
34.66 %
Textilien
Uruguay
3 626 000 EUR
2 411 000 EUR
-33.51 %